Driving Guide

Ireland Driving Guide

Driving in Ireland is the ideal way to explore this popular destination. Get your International Driving Permit and prepare for the trip of a lifetime.

2021-08-09 · 9min read

Ireland, the Emerald Isle, blessed with abundant rain that creates a green-hued scenery of the country's extensive grasslands, the reason for the famous and beautiful name of Emerald Isle. The country is significantly diverse in topography, surrounded by central lowlands, hills, low mountains, and a ring of coastal mountains despite its small size.

How exciting it is to travel and spend your holiday in Ireland. It's called the Island on edge, the land of fairies and folktales, diverse culture, jaw-dropping sceneries, and the majestic landscape that you don't want to miss. Lots of tourists choose to visit Ireland not only for its captivating beauty and exciting history but because of its lively and vibrant atmosphere.

How Can This Guide Help You?

To fully savor your trip to Ireland, it is best to know the vital information about Ireland before you travel to the country and when you already reach the country. It also applies before driving on the Ireland roads. You need to know and consider things in your general knowledge about Ireland, or your visit will become a disaster.

The guide includes information that includes the International Driving Permit (IDP) in Ireland requires, car renting policies, driving road situations and conditions in Ireland, driving rules, what age can you get a full driving license in Ireland? How's the driving in Ireland and which side of the road? Find out the driving in Ireland tips and more.

Don't also forget to study Ireland's norms, the dos and don'ts, laws of the country, get driving in Irelands tips beforehand, and strictly follow these rules! You don't get in trouble and ruin your travel. Now that you're ready, you can now visit different places, drive around the country, experience Irish life, and explore the country more.

General Information

Ireland is the Land of Thousand Welcomes and is also referred to as the 32 countries within its two states, The Republic of Ireland and Northern Island. It has over 84,421 km2 of land area located in Western Europe, and the excellent geographic location helps Ireland develop its rich heritage of customs and tradition.

Geographic Location

Ireland is an island country that is geographically located in northwest Europe in the North Atlantic Ocean. It is positioned in the earth's Northern and Western hemispheres. The country is a significantly diverse landscape surrounded by rolling Greenland's, hills, mountains, cliffs, and a ring of coastal mountains despite the country's size.

Languages Spoken

Did you know that Ireland's official languages are Irish (Gaeilge) and English? It is the language used in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland. According to the Foras na Gaelge, Gaelige or Iris is one of "the most historic and oldest written languages globally." You can hear this language used across the country's schools, streets, shops, pubs, fairs, and other Irish-speaking regions.

Keep your eyes open when traveling and driving in Ireland because you'll see that Gaeilge is widely used in streets and road signs. You'll also see some signages in Ireland that are in both English and Irish.

Land Area

Ireland's land area is 84,421 km2 (32,595 sq mi), and with a coastline of 1,448 km, the country is slightly larger than West Virginia. Ireland's central lowlands of flat rolling plains are divided by water bodies such as swamps, lakes, and rivers and surrounded by the landforms of hills and low mountains.


Ireland has a fascinating history; the land has encountered different situations through the years that formed and established the Ireland we know today. The culture, folktales, languages, and other aspects that create the authentic Irish are passed through the years.

Early Ireland History and Early Christian Ireland

Historians calculated Ireland's first settlement by 10,000 years ago, a relatively late stage in European terms. Around 3000 BC, from central Europe, the Celts came to Ireland; the influence Celts leave in Ireland's culture is vast, like the talent in creating literature for the Celtic language that is now the Republic of Ireland's first and current official language, the Gaeilge.

In the mid-5th century, Saint Patrick and the Christian missionaries arrived, and by 600 AD the Christianity took over the religion of indigenous pagans. The trace of early Christian Ireland remains across the country.

The Vikings and Normans Era

Vikings from Scandinavia invaded, settled, and mixed with the Irish people between the end of the 8th century and the 9th century. Ireland's capital city, Dublin, was founded by the Vikings in 988. Viking's influence faded by the following defeat to the High King of Irelands, Brain Boru, in 1014. When the 12th century came, the Normans arrived, building walled towns, castles, and churches in Ireland. Normans increased agriculture and trading in Ireland.

Ireland’s Independence

In 1782, Henry Grattan Parliamentary factions successfully agitated for a favorable trading affiliation with England, but London controlled most of Ireland. In 1719, the Irish people, inspired by the French Revolution, formed an organization called United Irishmen to bring all Irish people to reform and reduce Britain's power in Ireland.

As years went by, the Irish and British Authorities signed a treaty in December 1921. The treaty grants Ireland independence to split the political and Irish public opinion. In 1922, Northern Ireland and its six countries were separated into the Irish Free State – the Republic of Ireland and 26 countries.


What is Ireland's government? Ireland's Tourism and the number of its citizens? Ireland is governed and regulated by the Parliamentary democracy that consists of the Lower House, the Dáil (the assembly of parliament), and the Upper House, the senate.

The Irish Government has three arms; the executive arm, legislature arm, and the judiciary to serve Ireland and its people. Citizens of Ireland can engage in direct elections of choosing the president to elect together with the European Parliament, Dáil Éireann, and the local government. Ireland has five types of elections; local, European elections, parliamentary, presidential elections, lastly, the elections for referendums.

Ireland has a total population of 4,956,758 habitats. Only 0.06% of the world's entire communities, and Ireland rank 124th in the world's population count. Meeting the locals is also one of the best moments you'll get in visiting Ireland. You can drink with the locals in pubs with their warm personality and hospitality, and you will enjoy your stay! Ireland is the country that you want to visit again!


Ireland is rich in culture, fascinating history, beautiful landscapes, breathtaking cliffs, and beautiful cities; no wonder why a total of 11.2 million tourists visited Ireland last 2018. To spend your holiday in Ireland would be the best decision you've ever made. Driving in Ireland is not just a simple road trip of going long trips because Ireland offers jaw-dropping natural landscapes and sceneries. The experience you'll get on your trip to Ireland will be magical and unforgettable!


Are you dreaming and wanting to try driving around the beauty of Ireland and visit the Emerald? Are you dreaming and wanting to try driving around the beauty of Ireland and visit the Emerald Isle? The International Driving Permit (IDP) Ireland requires will be your crucial achievement to live these dreams. One of the best ways to explore Ireland is to drive. Are you not convinced that do you need an international driver's permit in Ireland? All the written information below will convince you why an International Driving Permit is essential to your travel information and why you should have one.

You can use an International Driving Permit to any countries that have signed the 1926 or 1949 U.N. Convention on road traffic. One of these countries is Ireland, and an International Driver's License is required in Ireland for you to drive on Irish roads.

Is a Local Driver’s License Valid in Ireland?

Yes, but only given in a certain number of months, which is 12 months, if you're an American tourist, but if you wish to stay in Ireland for more than 12 months, then you are required to convert your U.S. driver's license into an Irish driver's license. However, it's still ideal for getting an IDP because you need an International Driver's License in Ireland if you want to travel in Ireland's rolling Greenland.

An International Driving Permit is helpful once you started traveling around Ireland. International Driver's License required in Ireland roads fs in the International Driving Permit you can use. It is essential in any situation you'll face on your way on the road. It helps when authorities do inspections.

Applying for an International driving license online is convenient. You'll only give your information by filling up the form, and with just a few clicks, you're done! All you need to do is wait for your application to be process and check by the International Driver's Association, an international driver's permit in Ireland website.

Do I Need an IDP in Cities and Districts of Ireland?

The International Driving Permit will be the permit you needed the most. It must always carry around with you just like your national driver's permit, especially when you want to drive in another country and travel abroad. Ireland let American tourists use their U.S. license to go around the country for only up to 12 months. Having an International Driving Permit can be beneficial when you want to explore and discover Ireland's charming villages.

An IDPs purpose is to translate your national driver's license when driving in Ireland island to identify and assist when talking to local authorities. A replacement only happens if you intend to stay in Ireland longer. It could be when you're planning to work or by applying for residency in Ireland.

The International Driving Permit in Ireland can be valid from one year up to 3 years, depending on the International Driving Permit's validity that you want to apply and the duration of a visit. Lots of driving in Ireland tourists ask how extended a driving license can be out of date in Ireland and at the International Driver's License in Ireland website, International Driver's Association; you can choose IDPs to be valid one year, two years, and up to three years.

Renting a Car in Ireland

To experience the beauty of Ireland, you need to rent a car. It will make your trip a lot easier and intimate. It's so much fun to drive to Ireland's top destinations for more as long as you want if you rent a car instead of paying for vehicles such as taxis and buses to bring you to Ireland's top destinations. And stay for a couple of hours because you're on tour with other tourists and your time to explore is limited.

You got to explore the country at your own pace when you rent a car, you're the one who's holding your time, and your trip schedule is not in somebody else's hands. You can follow your itinerary, or you change it and extend your stay to a specific place you want to explore a bit more.

Car Rental Companies

Car rental companies like Alamo, Thrifty, Irish Car Rentals, and Avis are the top rental companies in Ireland. The majority of Ireland's tourists rent a car from a rental car company near Dublin airport. There are lots of rental car services to choose from, and most of them accept credit card payments. You can also find several Irish rental company agents but there will be added cost.

The cost of a rental car may vary from rental companies in Ireland. You can immediately collect your car hire from Dublin airport and spend a few more days before ordering your car hire. You can book earlier from your chosen rental car company before going to Ireland or book on the spot, depending on your preferences. Choose a rental car from a reputable company for a stress-free trip.

Documents Required

To rent a car in Ireland, the documents you need to present are a valid driving license — your native driving license, and some companies were looking for IDP, credit card, passport as an I.D., and proof of third-party insurance.

You are also required to sign a rental agreement; third-party insurance is compulsory and included in the rental rate. That's why before renting, you should've scanned and selected insurance.

You can contact car rental companies in advance to ask what requirements are needed in renting a car because not all companies have the same set of driving in Ireland requirements to let you lease their vehicle. You can apply for your International Driver's License in Ireland at the international driver's association if you don't have one; the transaction is fast and easy.

Vehicle Types

One of the driving in Ireland tips is when you're going to rent a car, choose a smaller rental car as the fuel price in Ireland is higher. About double or triple the gas cost in the United States. You should also consider your comfort driving the car. One of the most common mistakes people do when renting a car is not considering the budget and itinerary.

You can choose types of rental car from the economy rental car models such as Ford Fiesta and Opel Corsa; compact car models such as Toyota Yaris and Mazda 3; mid-size car models such as Ford Mondeo and Toyota Avensis; full-size car models such as BMW 5 Series and V.W. Passat; Luxury car models such as BMW 5 Series and Audi A4; and lastly the SUV & Van models such as Ford Galaxy and Peugeot 3008.

You can also check the type of cars you want to rent. You can rent automatic and Manual Cars in most rental companies, too. The decision-making you'll have here is what type of car or vehicle will be perfect for you if you're traveling alone or traveling with your whole family.

Car Rental Cost

A rental car cost in Ireland starts at $7, and it is also the average renting price per day in Ireland. The rental fee will be based on the type of vehicle you rent, the car's size and capacity, and the insurance if you're planning on availing of extra deals or products. It could be the child seat boosters, GPS, spare tire, and excess mileage that can affect the rental price.

Besides the car rental company's extra products, you can also avail of optional services such as hiring a driver, roadside assistance, toll payment, and Fuel Plans. There are also other additional fees like young driver surcharges, tax, and border-crossing fees. The car rental cost may vary and differ depending on what reputable company you're going to choose.

Age Requirements

Ireland has an age restriction; generally, the minimum age is 21 years old, but it still can vary to car rental companies. It is advisable to check rental companies' policy on age requirements before renting a car. The age under 25 and over 70 years old will be charged an extra fee.

Some Irish destinations allowed a maximum period of 75 to rent and drive a vehicle. Check and compare different car rental companies' age and other driving in Ireland requirements to see what companies let you drive and rent their cars around and what company offers suits you well.

Car Insurance Cost

Choosing a good car rental company that provides insurance into their rental packages is an ideal and fair decision. Most rental companies already included the insurance in the rental fees, and some charge it as an extra fee.

The cost of car rental insurance varies depending on what insurance it covers; the more insurance they offer, the higher the rental cost will be charged. If you've rented a car that the agency does is not covered with insurance, you can use your insurance provided that it covers car rentals overseas.

Car Insurance Policy

Insurance will be applied when renting a car in Ireland because one of the requirements before renting a car is having third-party insurance. Rental companies usually provide insurance for loss or theft of the rented vehicle; they also offer collision damage waiver (CDW) and Personal Accident Insurance.

When choosing a company that rents a car, you should check and review the insurance policy first. You should pick the company with the best insurance because you need to back up when something unexpected happens.

Road Sign-Dimitry Anikin

Road Rules in Ireland

The majority of Ireland's rules of the road have the same rules worldwide: following road signs advice and road rules about the speed limit, wearing seat belts, driving in Ireland right or left, driving in Ireland which side of the road to drive more. The rules listed below are the essential road rules and road safety tips in Ireland that you should always keep in mind.

Important Regulations

In Ireland, they have numerous driving rules and regulations; as a traveler and intending to drive in the country. You need to know the essential road rules and strictly follow them for everyone's safety. The penalties for not abiding by the regulated driving rules are charges like fines or, worse, getting involved in an accident.

Here are some of the essential road rules and regulations you need to follow:

National Driver's license and IDP

It is a necessary road rule for every traveler who wishes to drive on Ireland's roads to carry a national driver's license and IDP together with the other essential documents. These documents could be identification cards, registration documents, and insurance documents at all times. If you don't bring these critical documents, you are not allowed to drive on Ireland roads.

You can't drive in Ireland if you don't have a license; driving without a license in Ireland is punishable by law. Bringing and using your national driver's license alone as a driving document is not valid and accepted by car rental companies and does not permit you to drive in Ireland.

It would help if you had an IDP because an International Driving Permit is required in Ireland for tourists to drive legally, and it is on the International Driving Permit Ireland rules. As an International Driving Permit required in Ireland, it can only be used together with your national driver's license and cannot be used alone.


Ireland imposes 0.5 milligrams of alcohol per milliliter of blood limit both on locals and tourists. Driving in Ireland under the influence of alcohol is prohibited. Avoid drinking and driving in Ireland; it is taken seriously by Ireland and its residents; there can also be a random and surprise breathing checkpoint.

You will notice that the alcohol limit is lower than the other countries," which is 0.8 legal limits. Are you wondering how long a drink-driving conviction stays on your record in Ireland? It is up to 11 years; it is why you should avoid drinking and driving. Drunk driving is hazardous, and alcohol can impair a person's ability to drive as it decreases focus and attention as the alcohol blood level increases.

Using a phone while driving

Do not hold and use a mobile phone while driving. Either texting or answering a phone call, it is restricted to do so while going to Ireland without a hands-free market. Using a phone while driving may get you involved in an accident, for it can get all of your attention, and you lose focus as your eyes are on the phone and not on the road instead.

General Standards of Driving

The general standards of driving know what it takes to be a good, responsible, and safe driver. It starts with vehicle safety knowledge, good driving practice to try, knowing the traffic signs and the road markings, learning about the traffic lights and signals, knowing the speed limit, background about junctions and roundabouts, parking, and more.

Checking your vehicle's tires, the engine's condition, if the car is entirely tank, and checking the vehicle's overall condition before driving it, is a general standard of driving. Aside from knowing its shape, you should also ensure that your car runs smoothly in the streets and you're following the road rules and laws imposed by Ireland.

Speed Limits

Ireland, just like the other countries, also have speed limits that you need to follow. The speed limit may differ from areas. Its road classification, the Irelands speed limit, and other modern signage are designated in kilometers per hour (Kph).

The speed limit in the Republic of Ireland is 50 kph (30 mph) in urban areas, 120 kph (74.5 mph) on motorways, 80kph (50 mph) on single open roads, and 100kph (60 mph) on national highways. It would help if you kept this in mind that police or Gardaí might ask you to pull over and change you with the penalty.

Before driving your car in Ireland, you should know, study, and strictly follow each road's speed limit. This is to avoid future problems when driving your car in Ireland, such as accidents, getting stopped by police for overspeeding, and more.

Seatbelt Laws

Wearing seat belts, just like the other countries' law in driving, has also had seat belt laws wherein wearing a seatbelt in the front and rear seats are compulsory; aside from the driver, all passengers must wear seat belts.

When you're traveling with your family and have a child or a baby in tow, For the children's seat, if shorter than 4'11" (150 cm) or weighing under 36 pounds, must use appropriate car child restraint system or booster seats.

Driving Directions

Lots of driving in Ireland tourists wondering on driving in Ireland right or left? Driving in Ireland which side of the road? In Ireland, they have driving directions that you need to follow. This is when you'll be driving on the left. It means that you'll often pass on traffic islands to the left.

When going over a roundabout, it should be in a clockwise direction. When accessing a significant highway with is called a motorway in Irish, you must take a left turn and keep in mind to join the traffic on your right side.

Remember, always drive left. Another driving in Ireland tip is to put a reminder on your dashboard with the words saying "stay left" so you'll never forget to drive and stay left while driving around and discovering the beauty of Ireland.

Traffic Road Signs

The Republic of Ireland signage is a bit old-fashioned, while the warning signs in Northern Ireland are generally for the international standards. Don't worry because the signs and the name of the place in Ireland are easy to understand, they were written in both Iris and English, the distances are in both kilometers and miles. In Northern Ireland, all are in English and only used miles in length.

Ireland also has five road signs: regulatory signs, warning signs, highway construction and maintenance signs, service signs, and guide signs. It's essential to follow what Ireland's road sign indicates to ensure everyone's safety and avoid getting charged for offense or, worst, get into an accident.

Regulatory signs include:

  • Stop sign
  • Yield sign
  • School zone sign
  • Narrow bridge sign
  • Keep right sign
  • Do not enter sign
  • Wrong-way sign
  • One Way signs
  • Keep Left and Keep Right signs
  • Turn Left and Turn Right signs
  • Roundabout sign
  • Speed Limit sign
  • Parking Sign

Warning signs include:

  • Slowdown sign
  • Road ends ahead sign
  • Winding road ahead sign
  • Highway ahead sign
  • Dip sign
  • Deer crossing road sign
  • Bump road ahead sign
  • Chervon sign

Highway construction and maintenance signs include:

  • Road work ahead sign
  • Closed road sign

Service signs include:

  • Letter H signs

Guide signs include:

  • Federal interstate signs
  • State Highway signs

Right of Way

The right of way in Ireland is when you're at the unmarked crossings. Cars coming from the right will have the right of way; the same goes for those in a roundabout.

Yellow signs with the black patterns in the Republic gave them directions. They marked the crossings with its graphic approximation of the layout with thick lines representing the right way. The roads that need to yield have thinner lines on them.

It is best to let larger vehicles have the right of way on narrow roads –rural roads- for safety purposes. Still, you can also have the right of way if these big vehicles stop and yield to let you pass.

To know the right of way in Ireland will be very beneficial for you and the other motorist. It is keeping the road safe and friendly for everyone: the tourists and the locals.

The Ireland legal driving age is 17 years old, a provisional that needs to pass the driving theory test Ireland in polish and needs someone with a full driving license to accompany you until you pass the driving test. The driving age depends on the vehicle you're going to drive and its category, where you can drive a Moped at 16 and 17 when driving a car.

Laws on Overtaking

Yes, based on the Road Traffic General Bye-laws of 1964, a driver shall not overtake or attempt to overtake because it would risk or cause trouble to another person. You can only overtake unless the roadway portion is free from traffic, away from the pedestrian, and any obstacles can cause an accident if overlooked.

A driver should overtake on the right side and not move towards the left side until it is clear and safe to surpass.

Driving Side

When you're driving in Ireland, which side of the road do you think you must drive? You must drive on the left side of the road in Ireland, and the driver's seat is on the right-hand drive. It is something you don't want to forget and keep in mind. It is connected with what is driving direction Ireland has.

Drivers who are used to drive on the right and a left seat drive car may find it confusing and amusing to drive on the left side of the road. A driving tip in Ireland is to drive and practice for minutes in the rental company’s parking lot to get used to driving on the left side of the road in Ireland before driving into the road to avoid accidents and be comfortable driving around the country.

Now that you know the rules of driving in Ireland, strictly follow and obey these rules, visiting the Emerald Isle, a place you don't want to miss. You'll put it on your itinerary when visiting Ireland. Follow these rules to avoid getting sanctioned by the Road Safety Authority of Ireland.

Driving Etiquette in Ireland

Driving in Ireland will be the best way to tour around Ireland. One of the big mistakes tourist drivers make is not knowing the driving etiquette in a foreign country. It's important to know it, especially if you have to drive on ancient country roads of Ireland. Still, there are questions you'll be asking before starting to hit Ireland's road as a preparation of what we should or we will do and to prepare yourselves before discovering the Island's natural beauty.

Car Breakdown

It is frightening to experience having your car broken down in the middle of a motorway or any road in the country you visit and unfamiliar with. You don't want to experience a scenario, but do not worry; you need to follow these steps to remain calm.

Here are the helpful steps you need to follow when your car breakdown in Ireland:

  1. If your vehicle starts to lose its power, bring it safely to the hard shoulder of the road away from the main road lane by keeping your wheels turning to the left. It would help if you did it as quickly as possible because there will be a big possibility for your vehicle to get hit by another car.
  2. Once you move your car close to the hard shoulder on the left, you should turn on your hazard lights and leave your vehicle sidelights on. Get your car away from the road to avoid an accident.
  3. Exit the vehicle as fast as you can. The other passenger also exits safely as possible and leads everyone to the safety barrier. The quicker, the better; we don't know if there's another approaching car in the back and collide with your vehicle.
  4. Don't attempt and simply try to fix your vehicle because this will put you and the other motorist's safety will be at risk. We must avoid an accident.
  5. Once you and all the passengers are out of the car and safe inside the barrier, you should call a breakdown recovery service.
  6. If you don't have your phone with you, there's a telephone on the motorway. It's basically on your side; follow the arrows pointing to where the phone is located; remember, you don't need to cross over and put your life at risk.
  7. When you reach and locate the telephone start making a call, don't worry about the fee because it is free and will connect you to the Highways Agency or what they call the Gardaí. Make sure to face the oncoming traffic direction, give your concern, location, needs, and complete details.
  8. Return to where your vehicle breaks down, stay behind the barriers with the other passengers, wait for the recovery service to arrive at the scene, and follow the instructions they will ask you to do.
  9. After resolving your breakdown problem, watch for a safe gap and build up your speed before driving back on the motorway.
  10. Suppose you have a disability and can't follow the instructions above, you can still do something about it. You should switch your hazard warning lights and stay inside your vehicle. Contact the emergency service if you have your phone with you, then wait for their response and give your information and location.

Accidents are bound to happen if people don't follow the basic rules. That's why you also need to bear them in mind to avoid encountering accidents or getting caught for breaking the law. Be cautious and strictly follow the driving in Ireland rules.

You wouldn't want to spend your time explaining at the police station or with bruises during a vacation, right?

Police Stops

The first thing you need to do is don't panic, don't panic if the Gardaí (Police) signal you to pull over. It is a common practice in every country for police to stop you for reasons such as inspection or breaking the law. You reduce your speed and turn signals to show that you're pulling through. Be courteous, polite, calm, and smile when you're talking to them.

If they want to check your documents, go ahead, let them see your records. They're just inspecting and containing the traffic control, and they are only doing their job. It would also be handy if you have IDP with you.

Asking Directions

To reach your destination, there will be times that you need to ask for directions. When you're asking for directions, be polite, and direct to the point. A GPS is handy on your travel, but there will be situations that you need to ask for directions. Don't worry, and you won't be having a hard time asking for directions from the locals since Ireland is a country that also speaks English – it's their second language aside from Iris or Gaeilge.

Here are some of the commonly used words in Ireland:

  • I'm lost – Tá mé ar stra
  • Left – Er clé
  • Right – Er dheis
  • Keep going straight ahead – Gabh díreach ar aghaidh
  • Entrance – Bealach isteach
  • Exit – Bealach
  • Turn left – Cas ar clé
  • Turn right – Cas ar dhies


In the checkpoints, the Gardaí will also be there, again. Do not panic; you'll need to answer their questions politely and honestly, provide them accurate information to their questions about your travel, such as "where are you heading?", "Which country did you come from?", "How long is your stay," and more.

In the checkpoints, they might also look at your documents and passport as for I.D. purposes. You can also show your IDP to verify your license to drive and travel around Ireland. Always bring your essential documents with you when traveling. It will be your proof as a tourist.

As mentioned above, there can also be a random and surprise breath checkpoint, a test of finding out if you're drunk driving around Ireland; that's why you should not drink and drive.

Other Tips

Aside from the driving situations in Ireland mentioned above, it's helpful and ideal to know what to do in accidents. Witnessing and getting involved in an accident is a stressful and frightening experience. If accidents happen while you're driving and exploring in Ireland, here is the information and instructions you need to follow are written below.

What to do in case of Accidents?

If you witness an accident or, worse, get involved in a traffic incident in Ireland, the best thing you need to do is to call Ireland's emergency numbers. 112 is used in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland, while 999 is used in the Northern island.

You must give your information, location, what happened, and the number of injured or casualties. Once you've finished reaching the emergency numbers, you need to wait for them to arrive and assist you. To avoid this incident, you must take extra care in driving and strictly follow the driving in Ireland rules.

Driving Conditions in Ireland

If you want to drive from the Republic of Ireland to the Northern Irelands, you need to know about the condition of the Ireland roads and what situation you need to expect once you finally start your trip.

In 20 years, Irelands' roads improved where the new motorways were constructed and flourished for better driving and traveling in longer distances. However, don't forget that Ireland is a vast rural country, and rural traffic is expected. This traffic might be caused by the heads blocking the way and slow farming machinery.

It will be the authentic Ireland experience you'll have. All of this makes your travel to Ireland unique, wholesome, and unforgettable. It would help if you also prepared yourself for these situations because you will encounter all or not all of it while driving.

Accident Statistics

They always cause accidents in Ireland due to drunk driving, not wearing seat belts, and speeding problems when not following the road rules and laws. Based on Irish Roads' RSA data in 2019, 130 fatal collisions resulted in 141 fatalities on Ireland's roads.

The 141 fatalities in these accidents were 75 drivers, 15 passengers, 27 pedestrians, 16 motorcyclists, and eight pedal cyclists. The recorded average number of deaths per month in Ireland is 12 deaths, the same as the middle record in 2018.

Based on the World Life Expectancy rankings, Ireland has ranked 172 spots out of the 183 countries with the most road traffic accidents with a rate of 3.01. This data indicates that it is safer to drive around Ireland than the other countries.

Common Vehicles

According to the Central Statistics, Office Ireland's top 5 and commonly used motors in 2019 are the Toyota Corolla, Nissan Qashqai, Hyundai Tucson, Volkswagen Golf, the Skoda Octavia. And the most used models in Ireland are the Toyota, Hyundai, Nissan, Ford, and Skoda.

The standard vehicles used in Ireland are the Toyota Corolla that has been licensed for several 4098 users. The next one is Nissan Qashqai, with 3520 registered licenses, Hyundai Tucson, with several 3504 registered licenses. Followed by Volkswagen Golf with a total number of 3064, and lastly, the Skida Octavia with 3024 registered licenses.

Toll Roads

The country of Ireland you'll encounter driving in Ireland tolls whenever you're driving from one destination to another. There are twelve toll roads in the Republic of Ireland, where some accept card payments or pay online in advance. Tolls are located at the M20 Barrier, free with electronic toll, M1 the toll from Gormanston to Monasterboice. It is also located at the M3 toll for Clonee to Kells. The M4 toll for Kilock to Enfield to Kinnegad, and the N6 toll for Galway to Ballinasloe.

The M7 or M8 toll is also included, for the Portlaoise to Castletown or Portlaoise to Cullahill; another toll is the N8 for the Rathcormac to Fermoy Bypass, the N25 for Waterford City Bypass, East-link bridge, Dublin tunnel, and lastly, the Limerick tunnel.

Road Situation

If you drive in Ireland, there are situations and circumstances that you might experience and need to be aware of for your safety and driving convenience. These road situations that you might encounter while exploring the country are written cases below.

Pullover in a "Two-way" Street - this situation is expected in the countryside with a narrow two-way road. This is a situation where two vehicles can't fit to pass on the road simultaneously. It is either the two of you are going to pull over to let the other vehicle pass first. This is why there's a driving in Ireland tip to rent experiencing cause narrow roads and places that local transportation cannot reach.

There are many narrow roads in Ireland. Mainly you visit rural areas, small villages, and parts of Ireland far from the city. You will encounter these situations, but it's worth the long drive and steering onto small roads for the beauty you'll see when you reach your destination.

Switching road signs - you will notice that road signs suddenly change from kilometer to mile or vice versa. You might be confused and need an eye check, but don't worry, your eyes are still fine. It is just an indication that you have already crossed the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland boundary.

The sheep roadblocks - Ireland is a mostly rural country. Experiencing rural traffic due to flocks of sheep walking will make your car stay in the center of the road. What makes your travel in Ireland unforgettable is that you need to sit in your car, watch, and wait for hundreds of sheep to get off the road. Another tip is to rent a smaller rental car if you're driving on rural roads since there isn't much space for bigger cars.

If you're in a hurry, this will be a minor hassle for you because you need to wait for them to get out of the road before you can pass. You take a driving in Ireland video, especially in this scenario, an excellent story and video to show your family and friends about your little encounter with sheep while driving in Ireland.

Flood - aside from being blessed by the great pubs, grand castles, green landscapes, and best coastal views, Ireland is also blessed with rain, the reason by the land is emerald green. The rain is the reason for floods of some parts of Ireland's roads, especially on country roads, something you want to check or research ahead before you travel to avoid these situations.

Driving Culture

Irish people are known for being friendly, open. Honestly, it is not like the Irish stereotype of being hot-tempered. Irish people follow road rules and give the courtesy to pull over whenever passing in narrow and two-way streets.

Ireland is in one country in the low ranks of countries with the most traffic accidents. It mirrors Irish folks’ attitude as safe drivers to meet and encounter on the road while you're having an adventure in the Republic and Northern Ireland.

Other Tips

It's also essential to know other information related to Ireland's driving conditions, such as the used metric unit in speed limit signs. Read below to learn more details about other tips when driving in Ireland.

What is the unit of speed used when driving in Ireland?

Kph (kilometers per hour) and Mph (miles per hour) are the countries used in their road speed limit signage. Depending on the country you're driving in, what speed limit they use could be Kph or Mph.

Ireland uses Kph on its speed limit, but some parts of Ireland used both Kph and Mph on their signs or warning signs about speed limits all over the country's routes and roads. You will notice Kph and Mph when you travel around the Republic of Ireland into Northern Ireland; when you see that the signs speed limit change, that means you're on the other side of the country.

Things To Do in Ireland

You can do a lot of things in Ireland, aside from visiting the country's beautiful sceneries. It would be best if you experience its colorful culture, along with meeting the friendly and welcoming locals of Ireland. Add up the tasting and eating the delicious Irish delicacies. To know the country's incredible history, Ireland can also offer opportunities such as jobs, a new home, and a bright future.

Drive as a Tourist

You can drive as a tourist in Ireland as long as you fit the country's age restriction, know Ireland's road essential rules have a driver's license, and most importantly, have an International Driver's License in Ireland. The documents are handy to show to the authorities and show to car rental companies to acquire a vehicle for your driving experience in Ireland.

Driving in Ireland with an international license is handy. It can be used when you're driving in Ireland tolls and borders, and driving in Ireland with an international license allows you to travel when an Irish authority asks you to pull over. Your International driver's permit can also be used when renting a car, and it is a handy document you need to have when you're driving as a tourist in Ireland.

Work as a Driver

You can apply and work as a driver in Ireland as long as you have Ireland's driver's license, and if you don't have one, you can apply for it. Do you need an international driver's permit in Ireland to work as a driver? No. You will be checked if you're eligible to drive, and you should also pass the driving theory test. Apply for a learner's permit, and you must know the taxes needed. Lastly, ensure your car, start practicing driving, and book a driving test.

Work as a Travel Guide

When you have a connection with the Irish people, you can work as a travel guide. You should know Ireland's history. For this, study their culture and experience living in the country for some time. It is a plus to become a travel guide in Ireland.

You must possess the skills and traits of good organizing, have good customer service, talk to people, know about Ireland, and have good communication skills. The travel guide industry in Ireland is not regulated yet. Still, they offer training. They were also checking who's qualified for the job and being certified.

Suppose you want to work as a tour guide. In that case, you can apply for the Failte Ireland Tourist Guide Badge, as it will be a complete six, to four-day tour evaluated by the employer. Once you complete the tour and earn a badge, you can now apply for membership to the Association of Approved Tourist Guides of Ireland (AATGI) to assist you with Job seeking, other tourist guides, and more.

Apply for Residency

Upon taking up residency, you should convert your national driving license or International Driving Permit because it can only be used for 12 months. Applying for an Irish driving license means you're staying up for more than 12 months, so it is essential to apply for residency in Ireland.

Once you apply for an Irish driving license, you need to go through a process of full driver licensing activities. You must first pass the driver theory test, apply for a learner permit, and then pass the Ireland driving test.

Other Things to Do

You can do more things if you're planning for a long-term stay in the beautiful country of Ireland. Its beauty and the solitude of living of the Irish locals through their customs and welcoming attitude can convince you to work and consider living in Ireland.

How to Convert your license in Ireland?

Suppose you plan to stay in the country long-term; it is necessary to convert your National Driver's license to Ireland's driving license. To get a driving license in Ireland, you must be at least 17 years old, and you must attend driving school as it is necessary and pass the driving exam in Ireland.

Are there other work opportunities in Ireland?

Aside from the driving and tourist guide jobs, you can also find other work opportunities in Ireland. You can work as an Automation engineer, apply in financial services, a multilingual professor, and a marketing professional as it is the most in-demand job in Ireland.

The Top Destinations in Ireland

Reward yourself a holiday by visiting the major Ireland sights and sceneries to discover. The best way to discover Ireland's beauty is by driving. Go and grab your camera, passport, and don't forget to bring your International Driving Permit to drive in Ireland! You don't have IDP yet? Don't worry because the International Driver's Association, an International Driver's License in Ireland website, can help you process your IDP! What are you waiting for? Let us visit and check what Ireland has to offer?


Cliffs of Moher

Cliffs of Moher is a spectacular site beyond the city that you need to visit. It's a natural wonder that’s been featured in world-renowned movies.

The Cliffs of Moher became famous because it highlights the beauty of Ireland's west coast and its height that reaches 214 m (702 feet) and the length of 8 km (5 miles). It is also a famous spot for scenic driving.

Driving Directions:

  1. From Dublin City, head south on Burgh Quay or follow R148
  2. Head straight from R148 on N4
  3. From N4, continue driving to M6
  4. While on M6, follow the driving signs directing to Galway
  5. As you reach Galway, stop at County Clare, where Cliffs of Moher is located
  6. It takes 3 hours and 8 minutes to get to the cliffs from Dublin

Things to Do

Aside from the Cliff of Homer's breathtaking sceneries, it also offers various activities to do in your stay, and tour Ireland's top go-to destination when visiting the country. Here are some of the activities you can do in Cliffs of Homer.

  1. Climb the O’Brien’s Tower

O'Brien's Tower is a historical site that you'll found on the cliffs of Moher. It is built by Cornelius O'Brien, a descendant of Ireland's first High King, in 1835. You can climb the TowerTower and take a look at the breathtaking view of the cliffs.

  1. Spot filming locations

Are you a movie enthusiast? If yes, aside from strolling around the cliffs, you can visit different filming spots; several movies choose the cliffs of Moher as a filming spot. Reenact or relive movie scenes from popular movies when you travel to the cliffs of Moher.

  1. Experience the Cliffs of Moher Cruise

You can view the cliffs from below aside from the top view, and it is through joining the cliffs of Moher Cruise. You can admire and be amazed at the cliffs approximately towering 700 ft above the sea as you cruise.

  1. Stroll at the Hags head

The Hags head is the southerly point of the cliffs of Moher. It is an unusual rock formation believed to resemble a woman's head looking beyond the sea. Hags head is in the Irish legend that has many versions of stories. The stories of an old hag called a witch, or "Cailleach," often link to the ancient golden fire goddess Brigit as the dark half Cailleach.

  1. Explore around the cliffs

You can stroll around the cliffs and enjoy the view if you're into a relaxing yet straightforward way of admiring the place. Taking photos is also a good idea as you stroll; you can also have a scenic picnic view of the cliffs when you're down exploring around.

Wild Atlantic way

Wild Atlantic way is the west coast of Ireland's wilderness, a journey of high cliffs, lively towns, bays, and beaches to visit. It is an epic road trip that embraces Ireland's wild and western coast, a route best for scenic drives. It is famous because it has the highest sea cliff in Ireland and Europe, the Slieve League. Aside from being one of the most scenic drives globally, it is also famous for its wild span of coastline.

Driving Directions:

  1. From Dublin, head north on O'Connell Street Upper
  2. Continue to R148 and head onto N4
  3. From N4, continue onto R299
  4. Turn right to R280, head straight onto Castle St
  5. Turn right to R267 and turn left onto Promenade Road
  6. From Promenade Road, turn right until you reach Wild Atlantic way
  7. It takes 2 hours and 45 minutes to reach the destination

Things to Do

There are some activities that you can do while you are visiting and admiring Wild Atlantic Ways beauty. Have an adventure and sightseeing at the same time will make your stay in Wild Atlantic Way worthwhile.

1. Surf on the west coast

At the beaches of the wild Atlantic way west coast, you can enjoy and try surfing. With the heights and currents of the waves, it is perfect for surfing. You can also enjoy idling around the coast after your surf and enjoy the wonderful view of the ocean.

2. Spot film locations

Ireland has lots of film locations from the movies and shows you might have already watched. If you're a film enthusiast, you can visit and locate each spot. Some of the movies and shows that were filmed in the wild Atlantic way are "Star Wars: The Force Awakens," "Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince," "Marley and Me."

3. Cruise along the grand Slieve league

You can cruise along the Grand Slieve League, the highest sea cliff in Ireland, where you can relax, admire the beauty of the cliffs. As you cruise, you can also do other things such as take photos or videos and enjoy the trip with your family or friends.

4. Check the Dingle peninsula

As you visit the wild Atlantic way, you can go and check the spectacular Dingle peninsula. You will be amazed by the beauty of its meandering lanes to wild hedgerows, scenic view of the skies, and you don't want to miss drinking at Dingle peninsula's cozy pubs.

5. Experience a wonderful roundtrip

The wild Atlantic way is one of Ireland's best destinations for a scenic drive, on your way and exploring around the destination. You'll enjoy a fantastic road trip that feeds your eyes with the panoramic view of the coast and nature surrounding you. As you experience the scenic road trip, you can take driving in Ireland video or photos as a memory.


Achill Island

Want to snap some photos? In Achill Island, you can take amazing photos to post and share with your family and friends. Take pictures from Achill Island's meandering coastline, rock formations, direct hills, and magnificent ocean. Achill Island is famous for its scenic Atlantic drive, breathtaking sceneries such as small villages, beaches, and hidden gems.

Driving Directions:

  1. From Dublin, head north on O'Connell Street Upper
  2. Turn right onto R148 and head to N4
  3. From N4, exit at turn left onto R311
  4. Turn right onto N95
  5. Turn left to R319 and Mweelin
  6. Turn right until you reach Achill Island
  7. It takes 3 hours and 58 minutes to reach the destination.

Things to Do

Achill Island is not all about spectacular views and scenic drives. It is a destination that is also packed with adventures and different activities to try in checking Achill Island's wonders. Here are the top activities you can do in your visit to Ireland's hidden treasure for kitesurfing.

1. Experience the Atlantic Drive

Want to experience an unforgettable scenic drive in Ireland? Ireland has many road trip destinations, and Achill island one of them. As you visit Achill island, you need to experience the excellent Atlantic drive it has, an adventure you don't want to miss.

2. Visit Keem, Trawmore And Other Beaches on The Island

As fascinating beaches surround the island, you'll want to visit. You can do different adventures as you visit these islands; you can idle by the beach, take photos, surf, and do other water activities.

3. Try Achill Island Seafood Delicacies

Visiting Achill island is not only feeding your eyes with its wonders and beauty, but it will also fill your stomach with their mouthwatering seafood delicacies. They serve fresh mussels in garlic broth, fresh crab meat, lobster, salmon, and other seafood delicacies cooked lusciously.

4. Explore O’Malley’s Castle

If you want to experience as if you're living in the past, you must visit and explore the ancient tourist spot in Achill island, the O'Malley's Castle. It has a height of 12 meters (40 ft.) and has three stories'; the castle believes that the clan O'Malley constructed the TowerTower in 1429.

5. Climb mountain Craoghaun

Are you into mountain climbing? Another outdoor activity you can do on Achill island is to climb the mountain Craoghaun. The mountain is Ireland's hidden gem; it has over 688 meters, and it is three times bigger than Ireland's famous tourist spot, the cliffs of Moher.

Ireland Photo by Derek Lynn

The Causeway Coast

The Causeway Coast is studded with beautiful sights, rich in myths, and places that you can visit and can do many things in your stay. Aside from the Causeway Coast being a beautiful, wild, and fantastic place, it is also famous for the story of myths and the film location of HBO's popular shows. It's one of the best places for road trips and sightseeing.

Driving Directions:

  1. From Dublin, head north on O'Connell Street Upper
  2. Turn right onto N1 and continue on M1
  3. Upon entering Northern Island, continue on N1
  4. Turn right on A51 and turn left at B131
  5. Continue on B520, follow A29
  6. Turn right onto Crevolea Road
  7. Make a left turn until you reach the destination, and it takes about 3 hours and 9 minutes to get to the place

Things to Do

Causeway Coast is the destination that welcomes you with breathtaking sceneries, the best roads for road trips, and adventures to dive in! Here are some of the activities you can do while visiting the Causeway Coast.

1. Explore the Belfast City

Do you remember the Titanic? Belfast city is where the Titanic is built. You can visit the museum Titanic Belfast where you can learn more about the sunken ship. As you explore Belfast city, you can do so many things such as a stroll in the streets, visit the Waterfront Hall, the botanic gardens, the grand opera house, and other interesting tourist spots.

2. Walk at the cliffs of the Gobbins

The causeway coast is surrounded by natural beauty and cliffs; one of these is the cliffs of Gobbins. You can also try walking at the scenic coastal walk in the Causeway coast Gobbins path. As you walk, you can fully appreciate the beauty of the cliffs where you can idle, take photos, or simply relax as you admire the beauty in front of you.

3. Spot film locations

There are many film locations that you can spot on the causeway coast. If you're a fan of the series "The Game of Thrones," you'll enjoy locating each spot where they film several popular scenes and places of the show. You can find the location where Winterfell is shot, where you can dress just like the characters!

4. Discover ancient ruins of Dunluce castle

Dunluce Castle is a medieval castle located on the Northern Island, and it is one of the historical tourist spots on the causeway coast. The castle is featured in the popular series "The Game of Thrones" used as House Greyjoy Pyke castle. Dunluce is also featured in the early 70s House of the Holy album.

5. Scenic drive along the coast

You can have a spectacular scenic drive along the coast for the causeway coast and one of Ireland's best road trip destinations. It is fun to travel from Ireland's different destinations as you drive along with the ocean's picturesque view and its rolling greens.

Ring-of-Kerry-K. Mitch-Hodge

The Ring of Kerry

The Ring of Kerry sits in the grace of Ireland's Killarney National Park when it comes to a beautiful spot to see. The ride on the Ring of Kerry will present a stunning view. Kerry's ring is famous because of its scenic beauty, perfect for tourists who want to make a road trip to Ireland.

Driving Directions:

  1. From Dublin, head north on O'Connell Street Upper.
  2. Turn right onto R148, continue to M50.
  3. From M50, merge on N7.
  4. Keep straight on N40, continue at N22.
  5. From N22, turn left onto R569.
  6. Continue at N71 and turn left onto N70/Ring of Kerry.
  7. It takes 4 hours and 33 minutes to reach the destination.

Things to Do

The Ring of Kerry is blessed with natural wonders and mesmerizing landscapes that offer various activities and adventures. You must try to make your visit to one of the top road trip destinations in Ireland, The Ring of Kerry.

1. Try Mountain Climbing

You can be one with nature hiking in the Ring of Kerry mountains, Mount Brandon and Carrauntoohil. The place is more about landscape perfect for scenic mountain climbing. Joining a hiking trip itinerary is ideal; you'll hike with a guide and other tourists.

2. Visit the Killarney Park

Killarney Park is Ireland's spectacular destination blessed with stunning waterfalls, lakes, vast forest, towering mountains, and castles. You can do so much adventure as you visit Killarney Park, such as trekking, cruise to skelling Michael island, and check the cliffs of Kerry.

3. Experience Riding Stables

If you are not into hiking, you can enjoy riding stables in Kerry's ring while exploring this wonderful tourist destination in Ireland. You'll see the stunning Ireland countryside with its rolling greens and wonderful views of the ocean while riding Irish sport horses.

4. Join Boat Trips

As you visit the Ring of Kerry, you can join boat trips that travel you from one island to another. Joining boat trips is fun and a wonderful experience in the ring of Kerry. You'll be able to relax, enjoy the scenery and interact with locals and co-tourist.

5. Experience Fishing and Scuba Diving

You can do outdoor and underwater activities in the Ring of Kerry. It is wonderful to experience fishing, relaxing, and your catch that you can cook after. When you're looking for an adventure, you can go scuba diving and see the spectacular reefs and marine life in the sea.

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