ืžื”ื™ืจ, ืงืœ ื•ื‘ืžื—ื™ืจ ืกื‘ื™ืจ: ื”ื’ืฉ ื‘ืงืฉื” ืœืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืฉืœืš ืขื•ื“ ื”ื™ื•ื!โž”
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ืžื“ืจื™ืš ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”

ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ื”ื™ื ืžื“ื™ื ื” ื™ืคื”ืคื™ื™ื” ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ื™ืช. ื—ืงื•ืจ ืืช ื›ืœ ื–ื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื›ืืฉืจ ืืชื” ืžืงื‘ืœ ืืช ื”ื™ืชืจ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืฉืœืš.

2021-04-09 ยท 9 ืงืจื™ืื” ื“ืงื”

ืฆ'ื™ืœื”, ืžื“ื™ื ื” ืฉืœ ืืงืกื˜ืจื™ื. ื‘ื™ืช ื”ืžืงื•ื ื”ื™ื‘ืฉ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืขืœ ืคื ื™ ื›ื“ื•ืจ ื”ืืจืฅ, ืงืจื—ื•ื ื™ื ื‘ื’ื•ื“ืœ ืฉืœ ืžื“ื™ื ื•ืช ืงื˜ื ื•ืช, ืจื›ืกื™ ื”ืจื™ื ื ื™ืฉืื™ื, ื•ืขืจื™ื ืงื•ืกืžื•ืคื•ืœื™ื˜ื™ื•ืช. ืื•ื˜ื•ื‘ื•ืกื™ื ื“ื• ืงื•ืžืชื™ื™ื ื”ื—ื•ืœืงื™ื ืืช ื“ืจื›ื™ ื”ืืกืคืœื˜ ื”ื‘ืœืชื™ ื ื’ืžืจื•ืช ืขื ื’ื‘ืจื™ื ืกื•ืกื™ื ื•ืืฉ ืคื•ืจืฆื™ื ืžื”ืงืจื— ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ืจื™ ื’ืขืฉ ืงื“ื•ืžื™ื ืžืกืจื‘ื™ื ืœื”ื™ื›ื ืก ื‘ืฉืงื˜ ืืœ ืชื•ืš ื”ืœื™ืœื”.

ืขืฆื ื”ื’ื™ืื•ื’ืจืคื™ื” ืฉืœ ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœื”ืคื•ืš ืืช ื”ื ืกื™ืขื” ืœืืชื’ืจ ื‘ืคื ื™ ืขืฆืžื”, ืืš ืงื—ื• ืืช ื”ื–ืžืŸ, ืกืขื• ื‘ืื•ื˜ื•ื‘ื•ืกื™ื, ื‘ืžื˜ื•ืกื™ื, ื‘ืกื™ืจื•ืช, ืื• ืืคื™ืœื• ืฉื›ืจื• ืžื›ื•ื ื™ืช, ื•ืชื’ืœื• ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ื•ืคื ื•ืจืžื•ืช ืฉื™ื™ืงื—ื• ืืช ื ืฉื™ืžืชื›ื.

ืฆื™ืœื•ื ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ืžืืช ืื•ืœื’ื”

ืื™ืš ื”ืžื“ืจื™ืš ื”ื–ื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืขื–ื•ืจ ืœืš?

ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ืžื“ื™ื ื” ื–ืจื” ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžืจื’ืฉืช ื•ืžืคื—ื™ื“ื” ื›ืื—ื“, ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืื ื–ื• ื”ืคืขื ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื” ืฉืœืš. ืžื“ืจื™ืš ื–ื” ื™ื›ืกื” ืืช ื›ืœ ืžื” ืฉืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื“ืขืช ื›ื“ื™ ืฉืชื”ื™ื” ืœืš ืžืกืข ื—ืœืง ื•ืœืœื ื˜ืจื—ื” ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”. ืžื”ืžื™ื“ืข ื”ื›ืœืœื™ ืขืœ ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื”, ืจื›ื‘ื™ื ืœื”ืฉื›ืจื”, ื•ื”ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ืฉืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืขืฉื•ืช ื›ืืŸ ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”! ืชื”ื™ื• ื‘ื˜ื•ื—ื™ื ืฉืื—ืจื™ ืงืจื™ืืช ื”ืžืืžืจ ื”ื–ื”, ืชื”ื™ื• ืžื•ื›ื ื™ื ืœืฆืืช ืžื”ื›ื‘ื™ืฉื™ื ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”.

ื–ื” ื’ื ื™ื™ืชืŸ ืœืš ืืช ื”ืžื“ืจื™ืš ืขืœ ื—ื•ืงื™ ื”ื“ืจืš ื”ืฉื•ื ื™ื ืฉืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื“ืขืช ืœื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”, ื•ื›ืžื•ื‘ืŸ, ืืช ื”ืžืกืžื›ื™ื ืฉืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœืคื ื™ ืฉืชื•ื›ืœ ืœื ื”ื•ื’ ื‘ืžื“ื™ื ื”.

ืžื™ื“ืข ื›ืœืœื™

ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ื”ื™ื ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื” ืฉืžื“ืจื’ืช ืžื“ื™ื ื•ืช ื‘ืืžืจื™ืงื” ื”ืœื˜ื™ื ื™ืช ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืชื—ืจื•ืชื™ ืขืœ ื”ื›ื ืกื” ืœื ืคืฉ, ื’ืœื•ื‘ืœื™ื–ืฆื™ื”, ืžื“ื™ื ื” ืฉืœื•ื•ื”, ื—ื•ืคืฉ ื›ืœื›ืœื” ื•ืฉื—ื™ืชื•ืช ื‘ืชืคื™ืกื” ื ืžื•ื›ื”.

ืžื™ืงื•ื ื’ื™ืื•ื’ืจืคื™

ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ืžืžื•ืงืžืช ื‘ื™ืŸ ืžื–ืจื— ื”ืจื™ ื”ืื ื“ื™ื ืœืžืขืจื‘ ื”ืื•ืงื™ื™ื ื•ืก ื”ืฉืงื˜. ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื” ื’ื•ื‘ืœืช ื‘ืคืจื• ื‘ืฆืคื•ืŸ, ื‘ื‘ื•ืœื™ื‘ื™ื” ื‘ืฆืคื•ืŸ ืžื–ืจื—, ื‘ืืจื’ื ื˜ื™ื ื” ื‘ืžื–ืจื— ื•ื‘ืžืขื‘ืจ ื“ืจื™ื™ืง ื‘ื“ืจื•ื. ื”ื™ื ืชื•ื‘ืขืช ื’ื ื›-1,250,000 ืงืž"ืจ (480,000 ืž"ืจ) ืฉืœ ืื ื˜ืืจืงื˜ื™ืงื” ืชื—ืช ื”ื˜ืจื™ื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ื”ืื ื˜ืืจืงื˜ื™ืช ืฉืœ ืฆ'ื™ืœื”.

ืฉืคื•ืช ืžื“ื•ื‘ืจื•ืช

ื”ืฉืคื” ื”ืขื™ืงืจื™ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื” ื”ื™ื ืกืคืจื“ื™ืช ื•ื”ื™ื ื“ื™ ืฉื•ื ื” ืžื”ืžื“ื™ื ื•ืช ื”ืฉื›ื ื•ืช ื‘ื“ืจื•ื ืืžืจื™ืงื” ื‘ืฉืœ ื”ืื•ืคืŸ ืฉื‘ื• ื”ื”ื‘ืจื•ืช ื”ืกื•ืคื™ื•ืช ื ืฉืžื˜ื•ืช, ื•ืœืขื™ืฆื•ืจื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื ื™ืฉ ื”ื’ื™ื™ื” ืจื›ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ. ื™ืฉ ืœื”ื ืžื‘ื˜ืื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื ื”ืžืฉืชื ื™ื ืžืขื˜ ืžืฆืคื•ืŸ ืœื“ืจื•ื ื•ื”ื ื‘ื•ืœื˜ื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืžืขืžื“ ื”ื—ื‘ืจืชื™ ืื• ืื ื”ืื“ื ื’ืจ ื‘ืขื™ืจ ืื• ื‘ืืจืฅ. ื›ืžื” ืขืจื™ื ื’ื“ื•ืœื•ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ ืื• ื‘ืžื“ื™ื ื” ืงื˜ื ื” ื‘ื“ืจื•ื ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืžื“ื‘ืจื•ืช ื’ืจืžื ื™ืช ื›ืฉืคื” ืฉื ื™ื™ื”.

ื‘ืฉื ืช 2003, ืžืฉืจื“ ื”ื—ื™ื ื•ืš ื”ืฆ'ื™ืœื™ืื ื™ (MNEDUC) ื™ื–ื ืืช ืชื•ื›ื ื™ืช "ื“ืœืชื•ืช ืคืชื•ื—ื•ืช ื‘ืื ื’ืœื™ืช" ื•ื‘ืกืžื›ื•ืช ืžืžืฉืœืช ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ืœืชืœืžื™ื“ื™ื ื‘ื‘ืชื™ ืกืคืจ ืฆื™ื‘ื•ืจื™ื™ื ื‘ื›ื™ืชื•ืช ื”' ื•ืžืขืœื”. ื ื›ื•ืŸ ืœื”ื™ื•ื, ืžื™ืœื™ื ื ืคื•ืฆื•ืช ื‘ืื ื’ืœื™ืช ื ืงืœื˜ื• ื•ื”ื•ืชืจื• ืœืกืคืจื“ื™ืช ื™ื•ืžื™ื•ืžื™ืช ืฉืคื•ืช ืงื˜ื ื•ืช ืื—ืจื•ืช ื”ืžื“ื•ื‘ืจื•ืช ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ื”ืŸ Mapudungun, Quechua, Aymara, Rapa Nui, ื—ืœืงืŸ ื ื›ื—ื“ื• ื›ืขืช ืื• ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืœื”ื›ื—ื“ื”.

ืฉื˜ื— ืื“ืžื”

ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ืžืฉืชืจืขืช ืขืœ ืคื ื™ 756,096 ืงืž"ืจ (291,930 ืž"ืจ) ืฉืœ ื”ืฉื˜ื—. ื™ืฉ ืœื”ื ื’ื ืืช ื”ื˜ืจื™ื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ืฉืœ ืื ื˜ืืจืงื˜ื™ืงื” ืžืชื—ืช ืœื˜ืจื™ื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ื”ืื ื˜ืืจืงื˜ื™ืช ืฉืœ ืฆ'ื™ืœื”, ื›-1,250,000 ืงืž"ืจ (480,000 ืž"ืจ).

ื”ึดื™ืกื˜ื•ึนืจึดื™ึธื”

ืกืคืจื“ ืฉืœื˜ื” ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ืžืืžืฆืข ื”ืžืื” ื”-16 ื•ืขื“ ื–ืžืŸ ืžื” ื‘ืฉื ืช 1818, ืฉื”ื™ื ื’ื ื”ืฉื ื” ื‘ื” ื”ื›ืจื™ื–ื” ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ืขืœ ืขืฆืžืื•ืชื” ืžืกืคืจื“. ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื” ื”ืชื’ืœืชื” ื‘ืฉื ื•ืช ื”ืฉืœื•ืฉื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืžืื” ื”-19 ื›ืจืคื•ื‘ืœื™ืงื” ืื•ื˜ื•ืจื™ื˜ืจื™ืช ื™ืฆื™ื‘ื” ื™ื—ืกื™ืช. ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ืจืืชื” ืฆืžื™ื—ื” ื›ืœื›ืœื™ืช ื•ื˜ืจื™ื˜ื•ืจื™ืืœื™ืช ืžืฉืžืขื•ืชื™ืช ื‘ืฉื ื•ืช ื”-80 ืฉืœ ื”ืžืื” ื”-19 ื•ื–ื›ืชื” ืœื˜ืจื™ื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ื”ืฆืคื•ื ื™ืช ื”ื ื•ื›ื—ื™ืช ืฉืœื” ื‘'ืžืœื—ืžืช ื”ืื•ืงื™ื™ื ื•ืก ื”ืฉืงื˜' ื‘ืฉื ื™ื 1879 - 1883, ืœืื—ืจ ืฉื”ื‘ื™ืกื” ืืช ืคืจื• ื•ื‘ื•ืœื™ื‘ื™ื”.

ื›ื™ื•ื, ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื” ื”ื™ื ื›ืœื›ืœื” ื‘ืขืœืช ื”ื›ื ืกื” ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื” ืฉืœ ื”ื‘ื ืง ื”ืขื•ืœืžื™ ืขื ืจืžืช ื—ื™ื™ื ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื”. ื”ื™ื ื—ืœืง ืžื”ืžื“ื™ื ื•ืช ื”ื™ืฆื™ื‘ื•ืช ื•ื”ืžืฉื’ืฉื’ื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžื‘ื—ื™ื ื” ื›ืœื›ืœื™ืช ื•ื—ื‘ืจืชื™ืช ืฉืœ ื“ืจื•ื ืืžืจื™ืงื”, ื”ืžื•ื‘ื™ืœื” ืืช ื”ืžื•ืฉื‘ื•ืช ื‘ืืžืจื™ืงื” ื”ืœื˜ื™ื ื™ืช ื‘ื“ื™ืจื•ื’ ืฉืœ ืชื—ืจื•ืชื™ื•ืช, ื”ื›ื ืกื” ืœื ืคืฉ, ื’ืœื•ื‘ืœื™ื–ืฆื™ื”, ืžืฆื‘ ืฉืœื•ื, ื—ื•ืคืฉ ื›ืœื›ืœื™ ื•ืชืคื™ืกื” ื ืžื•ื›ื” ืฉืœ ืฉื—ื™ืชื•ืช.

ืžึถืžึฐืฉืึธืœึธื”

ื—ื™ื™ืžื” ื’ื•ื–ืžืŸ ื ื™ืกื— ืืช ื”ื—ื•ืงื” ื”ื ื•ื›ื—ื™ืช ืฉืœ ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ื‘-1980 ื•ืื•ืฉืจื” ื‘ืžืฉืืœ ื”ืขื ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ ื‘ืกืคื˜ืžื‘ืจ 1980, ืชื—ืช ืื•ื’ื•ืกื˜ื• ืคื™ื ื•ืฉื” ื‘ืชืงื•ืคืช ื”ื“ื™ืงื˜ื˜ื•ืจื” ื”ืฆื‘ืื™ืช, ื•ื ื›ื ืกื” ืœืชื•ืงืฃ ื‘ืžืจืฅ 1981. ื”ื—ื•ืงื” ื’ื ืืคืฉืจื” ื‘ื™ืช ืžื—ื•ืงืงื™ื ื“ื•-ื—ื“ืจื™, ื”ืžื•ืจื›ื‘ ืžืœืฉื›ื” ืขืœื™ื•ื ื”. , ืื• Senado , ื•ื—ืœืง ื ืžื•ืš ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื ืฆื™ื’ื™ื, ืื• Cรกmara de Diputados, ืฉื™ื™ื‘ื—ืจ ื‘ื”ืฆื‘ืขื” ืขืžืžื™ืช ื™ืฉื™ืจื”.

ื”ืฉืœื˜ื•ืŸ ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ ืžืชื ื”ืœ ื“ืจืš 15 ืื–ื•ืจื™ื ืžื ื”ืœื™ื™ื, ื›ื•ืœืœ ื”ืžื˜ืจื•ืคื•ืœื™ืŸ ืฉืœ ืกื ื˜ื™ืื’ื•. ืื–ื•ืจื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื ื‘ืžื“ื™ื ื” ืžื—ื•ืœืงื™ื ืœืžื—ื•ื–ื•ืช, ืžื—ื•ืœืงื™ื ืœืงื•ืžื•ื ื•ืช, ืฉื”ืžืชื ื“ื ื˜ื™ื ( intendentes ) ืžื ื”ื™ื’ื™ื ื™ื—ื“ ืขื ื”ืžืžืฉืœื•ืช ืฉืœื”. ื”ืžืชื ื“ื‘ื™ื ืฉื•ืœื˜ื™ื ื‘ืกื™ื•ืข ืžื•ืขืฆื” ืื–ื•ืจื™ืช, ืœืจื‘ื•ืช ืžื•ืฉืœื™ ื”ืžื—ื•ื–ื•ืช ื•ื ืฆื™ื’ื™ ืžื•ืกื“ื•ืช ืคืจื˜ื™ื™ื ื•ืฆื™ื‘ื•ืจื™ื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื ื ื•ืกืคื™ื ื‘ืื–ื•ืจ.

ืชื™ื™ืจื•ืช

ื”ืชื™ื™ืจื•ืช ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ื”ื™ื ื—ืœืง ืžืžืงื•ืจ ื”ื”ื›ื ืกื” ื”ืขื™ืงืจื™ ื‘ืžื“ื™ื ื” ืžืื– ืืžืฆืข ืฉื ื•ืช ื”-90. ื”ื•ื ื’ื“ืœ ื‘-13.6% ื•ื”ื ื™ื‘ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืž-500 ืžื™ืœื™ื•ืŸ ื“ื•ืœืจ ืืžืจื™ืงืื™, ืฉื•ื•ื” ืขืจืš ืœ-1.33% ืžื”ืชืž"ื’ ื”ืœืื•ืžื™. ื–ื” ื”ื™ื” ื”ื™ืขื“ ื”ืฉืžื™ื ื™ ื‘ืคื•ืคื•ืœืจื™ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืื–ืจื—ื™ื ื–ืจื™ื ืฉื‘ื™ืงืจื• ื‘ืืžืจื™ืงื” ื‘ืฉื ืช 2010, ืขืœ ืคื™ ืืจื’ื•ืŸ ื”ืชื™ื™ืจื•ืช ื”ืขื•ืœืžื™ (WTO), ืื—ืจื™ ืืจืฆื•ืช ื”ื‘ืจื™ืช, ืžืงืกื™ืงื•, ืงื ื“ื”, ืืจื’ื ื˜ื™ื ื”, ื‘ืจื–ื™ืœ, ื”ืจืคื•ื‘ืœื™ืงื” ื”ื“ื•ืžื™ื ื™ืงื ื™ืช ื•ืคื•ืจื˜ื• ืจื™ืงื•.

ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื” ื™ื™ืฆืจื” ื”ื›ื ืกื•ืช ืฉืœ 1,636 ืžื™ืœื™ื•ืŸ ื“ื•ืœืจ ืืžืจื™ืงืื™ ื‘ืฉื ืช 2010 ื›ืืฉืจ ืœืžื“ื™ื ื” ื”ื™ื• 2,766 ืžื™ืœื™ื•ืŸ ืชื™ื™ืจื™ื. ืจื•ื‘ ื”ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ื”ืœืœื• ื”ื ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ืžืืจื’ื ื˜ื™ื ื”; ืขื ื–ืืช, ื—ืœื” ื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ ืžืกื™ื‘ื™ ืฉืœ ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ืžืื™ืจื•ืคื”, ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืžื’ืจืžื ื™ื”, ื‘ืฉื ื™ื ื”ืื—ืจื•ื ื•ืช.

ืฉืืœื•ืช ื ืคื•ืฆื•ืช ื‘ื ื•ืฉื ืื™ืฉื•ืจ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™

ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ื”ื•ื ืžืกืžืš ื ืกื™ืขื” ื”ืžืื•ืจื’ืŸ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืื•ืžื•ืช ื”ืžืื•ื—ื“ื•ืช ื•ื”ื•ื ื—ื•ื‘ื” ืื ืืชื” ืžืชื›ื ืŸ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ืขืฆืžื™ืช ื‘ื–ืžืŸ ื˜ื™ื•ืœ ื‘ืžื“ื™ื ื•ืช ืื—ืจื•ืช. ื–ื” ื’ื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืขื–ื•ืจ ืœืš ืื ื”ืจืฉื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ื•ืช ืขืฉื•ื™ื•ืช ืœื”ื–ื“ืงืง ืœื–ื™ื”ื•ื™ ืžืžืš.

ื–ื” ืœื ืžื—ืœื™ืฃ ืืช ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื”ืžืงื•ืจื™ ืฉืœืš; ื–ื” ืจืง ืชืจื’ื•ื ืฉืœ ื”ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ืžืงื•ืจื™ ืฉืœืš ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื” ื”ืกืคืฆื™ืคื™ืช ืฉื‘ื” ืืชื” ืจื•ืฆื” ืœื‘ืงืจ. ื›ืžื• ื›ืŸ, ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ื‘ืชื•ืงืฃ ืื™ื ื• ืžืืคืฉืจ ืœืš ืœื ื”ื•ื’ ื‘ืžื“ื™ื ื” ื‘ื” ื‘ื™ืงืจืช ืื ืื™ืŸ ืœืš ืืช ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื•ื”ื“ืจื›ื•ืŸ ื”ืžืงื•ืจื™ื™ื ืฉืœืš.

ื”ืื ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ืžืงื•ืžื™ ืชืงืฃ ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”?

ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ืขื ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ืืžืจื™ืงืื™ ืชืงืคื™ื ื›ืœ ืขื•ื“ ื™ืฉ ืœื”ื ืืช ืื™ืฉื•ืจ ื”ืชื™ื™ืจ ืฉืœื”ื ืืฆืœื. ืขื ื–ืืช, ืื ื”ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ ืฉืœืš ืื™ื ื• ืžืืจื”"ื‘, ื”ืจืฉื•ื™ื•ืช ื™ื“ืจืฉื• ืžืžืš ืื™ืฉื•ืจ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืœืฉื›ื•ืจ ื•ืœื ื”ื•ื’ ื‘ืžื›ื•ื ื™ืช ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ืขื ื”ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื–ืจ ืฉืœืš.

ื”ืื ื ื“ืจืฉ ืื™ืฉื•ืจ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”?

ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืื ืืชื” ืจื•ืฆื” ืœื ื”ื•ื’ ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”, ื‘ื™ืŸ ืื ื–ื” ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ืื™ืจื•ืคืื™ ืื• ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ืืžืจื™ืงืื™. ื–ื• ืขื‘ื•ืจืš ื”ืืคืฉืจื•ืช ืฉืœ ื‘ื™ื˜ื•ื— ืจื›ื‘ ื›ื“ื™ ืฉืชื”ื™ื” ืœืš ื ืกื™ืขื” ื‘ื˜ื•ื—ื” ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”. ื›ืžื• ื›ืŸ, ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ื™ืชืจื’ื ืืช ื”ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ ืฉืœืš ื›ืš ืฉืจืฉื•ื™ื•ืช ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ื™ื‘ื™ื ื• ื˜ื•ื‘ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืืช ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ืฉืœืš ืื ื™ื“ืจืฉื• ืžืžืš ืžืกืžื›ื™ื ื›ืืœื”.

ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ืฉื™ืฉ ืœื”ื ืชื•ื›ื ื™ื•ืช ืœื ื”ื•ื’ ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ื™ืฆื˜ืจื›ื• ืื™ืฉื•ืจ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ . ืžื™ ืฉืฉืžื• ืžื•ืคื™ืข ื’ื ื‘ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื•ื’ื ื‘ืื™ืฉื•ืจ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ื”ื•ื ื”ื™ื—ื™ื“ ืฉืžื•ืชืจ ืœื ื”ื•ื’ ื‘ืืจืฅ. ืื ืชื™ืชืคืก ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืื• ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ืฉืœ ืื“ื ืื—ืจ, ืืชื” ืขืœื•ืœ ืœืงื‘ืœ ืงื ืก ืฉืœ ืœืคื—ื•ืช 100 ื“ื•ืœืจ ืืžืจื™ืงืื™ ื•ืชื™ื“ืจืฉ ืœืคื ื•ืช ืœื‘ื™ืช ื”ืžืฉืคื˜ ื›ื“ื™ ืœืฉืœื ืขื‘ื•ืจื•.

ื”ืื IDP ืžื—ืœื™ืฃ ืืช ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ ืฉืœืš?

ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืื™ื ื• ืžื—ืœื™ืฃ ืืช ื”ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ืžืงื•ืจื™ ืฉืœืš. ื–ื•ื”ื™ ื“ืจื™ืฉื” ื ื•ืกืคืช ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืื•"ื ืื ื‘ืจืฆื•ื ืš ืœื ื”ื•ื’ ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ืขื ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื™ืœื™ื“ื™ื ืฉืœืš. ืขื ื–ืืช, ืชื™ื™ืจื™ื ื‘ืขืœื™ ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ืืžืจื™ืงืื™ ืจืฉืื™ื ืœื ื”ื•ื’ ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ืœืœื ืื™ืฉื•ืจ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ื›ืœ ืขื•ื“ ื™ืฉ ืœื”ื ืืช ืื™ืฉื•ืจื™ ื”ืชื™ื™ืจื™ื ืฉืœื”ื. ื•ื‘ื›ืœ ื–ืืช, ืื™ืŸ ืขืจื•ื‘ื” ืฉื‘ื™ื˜ื•ื— ืจื›ื‘ ื™ื”ื™ื” ื–ืžื™ืŸ ืื ืœื‘ืขืœ ื”ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ืื™ืŸ ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ืœืฆ'ื™ืœื” ืื• ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™.

ืื ืคื’ ืชื•ืงืฃ ื”ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ ืฉืœืš, ืœื ืชื•ื›ืœ ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืฉืœืš. ืื ืชื•ืงืฃ ื”ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ืฉืœืš ืคื’ ืœืคื ื™ ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืฉืœืš, ืขืœื™ืš ืœื”ืงืคื™ื“ ืœื—ื“ืฉ ืืช ื”ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ืฉืœืš ืœืคื ื™ ื”ื™ืฆื™ืื” ืœื˜ื™ื•ืœ ื›ื“ื™ ืฉืขื“ ืฉืชื’ื™ืข ืœืฆ'ื™ืœื”, ืชื•ื›ืœ ืœื ืฆืœ ืืช ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืฉืœืš.

ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืื•ื›ืœ ืœืงื‘ืœ ืื™ืฉื•ืจ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”?

ื›ืœ ืžื™ ืฉืจื•ืฆื” ืœื ื”ื•ื’ ืขืฆืžื™ ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ืจืฉืื™ ืœื”ื’ื™ืฉ ื‘ืงืฉื” ืœืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ื›ืœ ืขื•ื“ ื™ืฉ ืœืš ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ืชืงืฃ ื•ืชืžื•ื ืช ื“ืจื›ื•ืŸ. ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ื‘ืงืœื•ืช ืœื”ื’ื™ืฉ ื‘ืงืฉื” ืœืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ื‘ืื™ื ื˜ืจื ื˜. ื—ื‘ืจื•ืช ืžืกื•ื™ืžื•ืช ื›ืžื• ืื™ื’ื•ื“ ื”ื ื”ื’ื™ื ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืžืฆื™ืขื•ืช ืชื•ื›ื ื™ืช ื—ื‘ื™ืœืช ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ืช (ืขื•ืชืง ื“ื™ื’ื™ื˜ืœื™ ื•ืžื•ื“ืคืก) ืขื ืชื•ืงืฃ ืฉืœ ืฉืœื•ืฉ ืฉื ื™ื ื‘ืžื—ื™ืจ ื ืžื•ืš.

ื›ืœ ืžื” ืฉืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœืขืฉื•ืช ื”ื•ื ืœืžืœื ืืช ื”ืคืจื˜ื™ื ื”ื“ืจื•ืฉื™ื ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ื‘ืงืฉื” ืฉืœืš ื•ื›ืžื•ื‘ืŸ ืืช ืื•ืคืŸ ื”ืชืฉืœื•ื ืฉืœืš, ื›ืจื˜ื™ืก ืืฉืจืื™ ืื• PayPal. ื•ืœืื—ืจ ื”ืจื›ื™ืฉื”, ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืงื‘ืœ ื‘ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช ืืช ื”ืขื•ืชืง ื”ื“ื™ื’ื™ื˜ืœื™ ืฉืœืš ืชื•ืš 6 ืฉืขื•ืช ื‘ืื™ืžื™ื™ืœ.

ื”ื’ืฉืช ื‘ืงืฉื” ืœืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ื›ื‘ืจ ืฉืœื•ืฉ ืฉื ื™ื ืœืคื ื™ ื—ื•ืคืฉืชืš, ืจืง ื•ื•ื“ื ืฉืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืชื”ื™ื” ืœืš ื”ื–ื“ืžื ื•ืช ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ื• ืœืื•ืจืš ื›ืœ ื”ื˜ื™ื•ืœ. ืงื‘ืœืช ืงืฆื‘ื” ืœืฉืœื•ืฉ ืฉื ื™ื ื‘ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืฉืœืš ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœืชืช ืœืš ื”ืจื‘ื” ื–ืžืŸ ืœืชื›ื ืŸ ืืช ื”ืžืกืข ืฉืœืš, ืื ืœื—ืงื•ืจ ืืช ืกื ื˜ื™ืื’ื• ืื• ืœืฆืืช ืœื˜ื™ื•ืœ ื‘ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ ืœืื™ ืฆ'ื™ืœื•ืื”.

ื›ืžื” ื–ืžืŸ ืชืงืฃ ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”

ืชื•ืงืฃ ืื™ืฉื•ืจ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืฉืœืš ื™ื”ื™ื” ืชืœื•ื™ ื‘ืžื” ืฉืฉื™ืœืžืช ืขื‘ื•ืจื•. ืื ืฉื™ืœืžืช ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืชื•ืงืฃ ืฉืœ ืฉื ื”, ืื– ื–ื” ื™ื”ื™ื” ืœืฉื ื”. ืจืง ื”ืงืคื“ ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ื• ืœืคื ื™ ืฉืชื•ืงืคื• ื™ืคื•ื’ ื›ื“ื™ ืฉืœื ื”ื™ื™ืช ืžื‘ื–ื‘ื– ืืช ื›ืกืคืš. .

ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืฉืœืš ื‘ืจื’ืข ืฉืืชื” ืžืชื—ื™ืœ ืœื ื”ื•ื’ ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”, ืื‘ืœ ืœืคื ื™ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื”, ื•ื•ื“ื ืฉื™ืฉ ืœืš ืืช ื”ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ ื•ื”ื“ืจื›ื•ืŸ ืฉืœืš ืื™ืชืš ื‘ื›ืœ ืคืขื ืฉืืชื” ื ื•ื”ื’. ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืœื ื™ื—ืœื™ืฃ ืืช ื”ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ ืฉืœืš, ื•ืื ื”ืžืฉื˜ืจื” ืชืชืคื•ืก ืื•ืชืš ืœืœื ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ืฉืœืš, ืืชื” ืขืœื•ืœ ืœืงื‘ืœ ืงื ืก ืื• ืœื‘ืœื•ืช ืืช ื”ืœื™ืœื” ื‘ื›ืœื.

ื”ืฉื›ืจืช ืจื›ื‘ ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”

ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ื‘ื•ื—ืจื™ื ื‘ืืคืฉืจื•ืช ืฉืœ ื˜ื™ื•ืœ ืžืื•ืจื’ืŸ, ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ื‘ื›ืžื” ืžื”ืื˜ืจืงืฆื™ื•ืช ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืžื“ื™ื ื”, ืื‘ืœ ืื—ืจื™ื ืจื•ืฆื™ื ืœื—ืงื•ืจ ืืช ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื” ื‘ืขืฆืžื ื‘ืงืฆื‘ ืฉืœื”ื, ื•ืื™ืŸ ื“ืจืš ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœืขืฉื•ืช ื–ืืช ืžืืฉืจ ืœืฉื›ื•ืจ ืจื›ื‘. ืœืฆืืช ืœื“ืจืš ื”ืคืชื•ื—ื” ื•ืœืฆืืช ืœื”ืจืคืชืงื” ืืœ ื”ืœื ื ื•ื“ืข ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื–ื” ืžืจื’ืฉ, ื•ืขื‘ื•ืจื ื• ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžื“ืจื™ืš ื”ื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื ื”ืžืงื•ื•ืŸ ืฉืœืš, ืชื™ืืจื ื• ืืช ื”ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ืฉืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื“ืขืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœืฉื›ื•ืจ ืจื›ื‘ ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”.

ื—ื‘ืจื•ืช ืœื”ืฉื›ืจืช ืจื›ื‘

ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ื‘ื•ื—ืจื™ื ื‘ืืคืฉืจื•ืช ืฉืœ ื˜ื™ื•ืœ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ืžืื•ืจื’ืŸ, ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ื‘ื›ืžื” ืžื”ืื˜ืจืงืฆื™ื•ืช ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืžื“ื™ื ื”, ืื‘ืœ ืื—ืจื™ื ืจื•ืฆื™ื ืœื—ืงื•ืจ ืืช ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื” ื‘ืขืฆืžื ื‘ืงืฆื‘ ืฉืœื”ื, ื•ืื™ืŸ ื“ืจืš ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœืขืฉื•ืช ื–ืืช ืžืืฉืจ ืœืฉื›ื•ืจ ืจื›ื‘. ืœืฆืืช ืœื“ืจืš ื”ืคืชื•ื—ื” ื•ืœืฆืืช ืœื”ืจืคืชืงื” ืืœ ื”ืœื ื ื•ื“ืข ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื–ื” ืžืจื’ืฉ, ื•ืขื‘ื•ืจื ื• ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžื“ืจื™ืš ื”ื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื ื”ืžืงื•ื•ืŸ ืฉืœืš, ืชื™ืืจื ื• ืืช ื”ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ืฉืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื“ืขืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœืฉื›ื•ืจ ืจื›ื‘ ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”.

ืœืคื ื™ ืฉืชืชื—ื™ืœ ืœื ื”ื•ื’ ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”, ืชื—ื™ืœื” ืขืœื™ืš ืœื“ืขืช ืื™ื–ื• ื—ื‘ืจื” ืชื”ื™ื” ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœืฉื›ื•ืจ ืืช ื”ืžื›ื•ื ื™ืช ืฉืœืš. ืืคืฉืจื•ื™ื•ืช ืจื‘ื•ืช ืœื”ืฉื›ืจืช ืจื›ื‘ ื ืขื•ืช ื‘ื™ืŸ ื—ื‘ืจื•ืช ื‘ื ื™ื”ื•ืœ ืžืงื•ืžื™ ืœืžื•ืชื’ื™ื ื™ื“ื•ืขื™ื ื‘ืขื•ืœื, ื•ื›ื“ื™ ืฉืชื“ืขื• ื›ืžื” ืžื”ืŸ, ืจืฉืžื ื• ื›ืžื” ืžื—ื‘ืจื•ืช ื”ืฉื›ืจืช ื”ืจื›ื‘ ื”ืžื•ื‘ื™ืœื•ืช ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”.

ืœื•ืงืœื™ื–ื” ืฆ'ื™ืœื”

ื”ื™ื ืžืฆื™ืขื” ืžื’ื•ื•ืŸ ืจื—ื‘ ืฉืœ ืจื›ื‘ื™ื ืžืจื›ื‘ 4 ื“ืœืชื•ืช ื•ืขื“ ืจื›ื‘ื™ ืฉื˜ื— - ื–ื•ื”ื™ ื—ื‘ืจืช ื”ืฉื›ืจืช ืจื›ื‘ ืžื•ื›ืจืช ื‘ืืžืจื™ืงื” ื”ืœื˜ื™ื ื™ืช ืขื ื ื™ืกื™ื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ืœืžืขืœื” ืž-41 ืฉื ื™ื ื•-530 ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช. Localiza ืžืื•ื“ ื ื’ื™ืฉ ื›ื™ ื™ืฉ ืœื”ื ืขืฉืจื” ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ืื™ืกื•ืฃ ืฉื•ื ื™ื ื‘ืืจืฅ ื•ื™ืฉ ืœื”ื ืชืขืจื™ืคื™ื ื–ืžื™ื ื™ื ืžื“ื™ ื™ื•ื ืขื“ ื—ื•ื“ืฉื™.

Automรณvil Club de Chile

ืœื—ื‘ืจื” 33 ืกื ื™ืคื™ื ื‘ืจื•ื‘ ื”ืขืจื™ื ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื•ืช ืฉืœ ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ื•ืžืฆื™ืขื” ื”ื˜ื‘ื•ืช ืจื‘ื•ืช ื•ืžืขื•ืœื•ืช ืื ืืชื” ื—ื‘ืจ ื‘ืžื•ืขื“ื•ืŸ ืจื›ื‘ ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”, ืืจื”"ื‘ ื•ื‘ืจื™ื˜ื ื™ื”. ื”ื ืžืฆื™ืขื™ื ื”ืฉื›ืจืช ืจื›ื‘, ื’ืจื™ืจื” ื—ื™ื ื ื•ืกื™ื•ืข ื‘ืฆื“ ื”ื“ืจืš ืœืœืงื•ื—ื•ืช ืฉืœื”ื.

ื—ื ื™ื›ื™ื ืจืฉืขื™ื

ื”ื—ื‘ืจื” ืžืฆื™ืขื” ื”ืฉื›ืจืช ืจื›ื‘ ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ื™ืช ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”. ื”ื ืžืชืžื—ื™ื ื‘ืงืžืคืจ ื˜ื ื“ืจื™ื ื–ื•ืœื™ื, ื™ื•ืฆืื™ ื“ื•ืคืŸ, ืฆื‘ื•ืขื™ื ื‘ื”ื™ืจื™ื, ื›ืœ ืื—ื“ ืžืื•ื‘ื–ืจ ื‘ืžืœื•ืื• ืžืชืœื” ื’ื’ ื•ืขื“ ืกื›ื•"ื. ื™ืฉ ืœืš ืžื’ื•ื•ืŸ ื˜ื ื“ืจื™ื ืœื‘ื—ื™ืจื” ืฉื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ื›ื™ืœ ื‘ื™ืŸ 2 ืœ-6 ืื ืฉื™ื.

Wicked Campers ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื—ืกื•ืš ืœื›ื ื”ืจื‘ื” ื›ืกืฃ ืžื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ืฉื”ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื ืฆื— ืืช ื”ืžื—ื™ืจ ืฉืœ ื›ืœ ื”ืฉื›ืจืช ืงืจื•ื•ืื ื™ื ืื—ืจืช ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”. ื’ื ืื ื–ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ื–ื•ืœ ืžื”ืžื—ื™ืจ ื”ืžื•ืฆืข ืฉืœื”ื, ื•ืืชื” ืœื ืฆืจื™ืš ืœืฉืœื ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืœื™ื ื” ื ื•ืกืคืช ื›ื™ ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื™ืฉื•ืŸ ื‘ื˜ื ื“ืจ.

LYS Rent A Car

ื”ื—ื‘ืจื” ื”ื™ื ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื” ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ืฉื”ื—ืœื” ืœื”ืฆื™ืข ื”ืฉื›ืจื•ืช ืžืงื•ื•ื ื•ืช. ื–ื•ื”ื™ ื—ื‘ืจื” ืžืงื•ืžื™ืช ื‘ืขืœืช ื ื™ืกื™ื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ืขืฉืจื•ืช ืฉื ื™ื ื‘ื”ืฉื›ืจืช ืจื›ื‘ื™ื ืœื–ืจื™ื ื”ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”. ื”ื ื’ื ืžืกืคืงื™ื ื“ืœืคืง ืขื–ืจื” ื‘ืื ื’ืœื™ืช 24/7, ืœื ืžืฉื ื” ื”ื™ื›ืŸ ื•ืžืชื™ ืืชื” ื ืชืงืœ ื‘ื‘ืขื™ื”, ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื™ืฆื•ืจ ืงืฉืจ ืขื ื”ื—ื‘ืจื” ื‘ื˜ืœืคื•ืŸ, ื‘ืžื™ื™ืœ ืื• ื‘ื•ื•ืื˜ืกืืค.

ืžืกืžื›ื™ื ื“ืจื•ืฉื™ื

ื›ื“ื™ ืœืฉื›ื•ืจ ืจื›ื‘ ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”, ื™ื”ื™ื” ืขืœื™ืš ืœื”ืฆื˜ื™ื™ื“ ื‘ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ืฉืœืš, ื‘ื›ืจื˜ื™ืก ืืฉืจืื™ ืชื—ืช ืฉื ื”ื ื”ื’ ื•ืื™ืฉื•ืจ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืฉืœืš ืœืฆ'ื™ืœื”. ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”, ืฉื’ืจื™ืจื•ืช ืืจื”"ื‘ ืžืขื™ืจื” ื›ื™ ื™ื™ืชื›ืŸ ืฉืœื ืชืงื‘ืœ ื‘ื™ื˜ื•ื— ืื ืื™ืŸ ืœืš ืื™ืฉื•ืจ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ืฆ'ื™ืœื™ืื ื™ ืื• ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™. ื›ืžื• ื›ืŸ, ืขืœื™ืš ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืŸ 20 ืœืคื—ื•ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœืฉื›ื•ืจ ืจื›ื‘, ืืš ืกื•ื›ื ื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ืฉื›ืจืช ืจื›ื‘ ืžืกื•ื™ืžื•ืช ืขืฉื•ื™ื•ืช ืœื“ืจื•ืฉ ืžืžืš ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื‘ื ื™ 21 ืื• 25; ื›ื“ืื™ ืœื‘ื“ื•ืง ืงื•ื“ื ืืช ื“ืจื™ืฉืช ื”ื’ื™ืœ ืฉืœ ื”ื—ื‘ืจื” ืฉืชื‘ื—ืจ.

ืกื•ื’ื™ ืจื›ื‘

ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ืžื‘ื™ืŸ ืกื•ื’ื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ืจื›ื‘ื™ื ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”. ื‘ื—ื™ืจืช ืžื›ื•ื ื™ืช ืชื”ื™ื” ืชืœื•ื™ื” ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืฉื‘ื• ืืชื” ืจื•ืฆื” ืœื ืกื•ืข; ืื•ืœื™ ืืชื” ืจื•ืฆื” ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืืช ื–ื” ื‘ื—ื ื™ื•ืŸ, ืœื—ืงื•ืจ ืขื 4x4, ืื• ืœื ืกื•ืข ื‘ื ื•ื—ื•ืช ืขื ืจื›ื‘ 4 ื“ืœืชื•ืช. ื•ืœืจื•ื‘ ื”ืฉื›ืจืช ื”ืจื›ื‘ ื™ืฉ ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ืจื›ื‘ื™ื ื”ืฉื•ื ื™ื ืฉืื•ืœื™ ืชืจืฆื• ืœืฉืงื•ืœ, ื›ืžื•:

  • ืื•ืคื ื•ืข
  • ืจื›ื‘ ืขื™ืจื•ื ื™
  • ืžื›ื•ื ื™ืช ืœื˜ื•ื•ื— ื‘ื™ื ื•ื ื™
  • ื’'ื™ืค/SUV
  • ืœืืกื•ืฃ
  • ืžื™ื ื™ ื•ื•ืืŸ
  • ื—ื ื™ืš

ืขืœื•ืช ื”ืฉื›ืจืช ืจื›ื‘

ืื ืืชื ืžืชื›ื ื ื™ื ืœืฉื›ื•ืจ ืจื›ื‘, ืฆืคื• ืœืฉืœื ืœืคื—ื•ืช 24,000 ืคืกื• ืฆ'ื™ืœื™ืื ื™ (USD28) ืœื™ื•ื, ืชืœื•ื™ ื‘ืื™ื–ื” ืกื•ื’ ืจื›ื‘ ืืชื ืฉื•ื›ืจื™ื. ื›ืžื• ื›ืŸ, ื‘ื™ื˜ื•ื—ื™ื ื ื•ืกืคื™ื ืœืžืงืจื” ืฉืœ ืคืฆื™ืขื” ื—ืžื•ืจื”, ื“ืœืง ื•-19% IVA (ืžืก ืขืจืš ืžื•ืกืฃ) ื™ืชื•ื•ืกืคื• ื‘ืžื™ื“ื” ื ื™ื›ืจืช ืœืขืœื•ืช ื”ื”ืฉื›ืจื”.

ื“ืจื™ืฉื•ืช ื’ื™ืœ

ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืชื—ื™ืœ ืœื ื”ื•ื’ ื‘ืจื›ื‘ ืฉื›ื•ืจ ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”, ื™ื”ื™ื” ืขืœื™ืš ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืŸ 20 ืœืคื—ื•ืช (ื–ื” ื™ื”ื™ื” ืชืœื•ื™ ื‘ื—ื‘ืจืช ื”ืฉื›ืจืช ื”ืจื›ื‘). ืœืžืจื•ืช ืฉื’ื™ืœ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ื”ื•ื 18 ืฉื ื™ื, ืื– ืื ืืชื” ื‘ื’ื™ืœ ื”ื–ื” ื•ื™ืฉ ืœืš ืฉื ื” ืฉืœ ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื ื”ื™ื’ื”, ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื ื”ื•ื’ ื‘ืžื›ื•ื ื™ืช ืื ื—ื‘ืจืช ื”ืฉื›ืจืช ื”ืจื›ื‘ ืžืืคืฉืจืช ืœืš ืœืขืฉื•ืช ื–ืืช, ื›ืœ ืขื•ื“ ืืชื” ื ื•ืกืขื™ื ืžื—ื“ืฉ ืขื ืžื™ืฉื”ื• ืฉื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืฉื›ื•ืจ ืจื›ื‘.

ืขืœื•ืช ื‘ื™ื˜ื•ื— ืจื›ื‘

ื›ืœ ื›ืœื™ ื”ืจื›ื‘ ื—ื™ื™ื‘ื™ื ืœืฉืืช ืืช Seguro Obligatorio (ื‘ื™ื˜ื•ื— ืžื™ื ื™ืžืœื™) ื›ื“ื™ ืœื ื”ื•ื’ ื‘ื˜ื•ื— ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”, ืืš ืžื•ืžืœืฅ ืœื‘ืฆืข ื‘ื™ื˜ื•ื—ื™ื ื ื•ืกืคื™ื. ืกื•ื›ื ื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ืฉื›ืจื” ืžืฆื™ืขื•ืช ื‘ื™ื˜ื•ื— ื—ื™ื•ื ื™, ื•ืžื—ื–ื™ืงื™ ื›ืจื˜ื™ืกื™ ืืฉืจืื™ ื’ื“ื•ืœื™ื ื›ื•ืœืœื™ื ืœืคืขืžื™ื ื›ื™ืกื•ื™ ื‘ื™ื˜ื•ื—ื™ ืœื”ืฉื›ืจืช ืจื›ื‘. ื•ืื ืชืจืฆื• ืœื‘ืงืจ ื‘ืืจื’ื ื˜ื™ื ื”, ื ื“ืจืฉ ื‘ื™ื˜ื•ื— ืžื™ื•ื—ื“, ืฉื™ืขืœื” ื›-20,000 ืคื–ื• ืฆ'ื™ืœื™ืื ื™ ืœืฉื‘ื•ืข ืื—ื“.

ืคื•ืœื™ืกืช ื‘ื™ื˜ื•ื— ืจื›ื‘

ื—ื‘ืจื•ืช ื”ืฉื›ืจืช ืจื›ื‘ ื›ื•ืœืœื•ืช ืืช ื‘ื™ื˜ื•ื— ื”ื—ื•ื‘ื” ื‘ื“ืžื™ ื”ืฉื›ื™ืจื•ืช. ืกื•ื’ื™ ื‘ื™ื˜ื•ื— ื”ื—ื•ื‘ื” ื”ื ื•ื™ืชื•ืจ ืขืœ ื ื–ืงื™ ื”ืชื ื’ืฉื•ืช (CDW) ื•ื”ื’ื ื” ืžืคื ื™ ื’ื ื™ื‘ื”. ื–ื›ืจื• ืฉื‘ื™ื˜ื•ื— ื”ืจื›ื‘ ืฉืจื›ืฉืชื ืžื—ื‘ืจืช ื”ืฉื›ืจืช ื”ืจื›ื‘ ื™ื‘ื•ื˜ืœ ืื ืชืชื ื• ืœื ื”ื’ ืื—ืจ ืœืชืžืจืŸ ืืช ื”ืจื›ื‘ ืžื‘ืœื™ ืœื™ื™ื“ืข ืืช ืกืคืง ื”ืฉื›ืจืช ื”ืจื›ื‘ ืžืจืืฉ.

ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”

ื—ื•ืงื™ ื”ื“ืจืš ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”

ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ืขืฆืžื™ืช ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ืžื•ืฉืœืžืช ืœื—ื•ืคืฉื” ืฉืœืš ืžื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ืฉื™ืฉ ืœื” ืจืฉืช ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ืฉืœ ื›ื‘ื™ืฉื™ื ืžื”ื™ืจื™ื ื•ื›ื‘ื™ืฉื™ื ืžื”ื™ืจื™ื - ืื™ื›ื•ืช ื˜ื•ื‘ื”, ืžืฉื˜ื— ืืกืคื ื•ืช, ืคืจื˜ื™ ื•ื ืงื•ื“ื•ืช ืื’ืจื” ืชื›ื•ืคื•ืช. ืืš ืœืคื ื™ ื ืกื™ืขื”, ื›ื“ืื™ ืœื‘ื“ื•ืง ื”ื™ื˜ื‘ ืžื•ืœ ืกื•ื›ื ื•ืช ื”ืจื›ื‘ ืืช ืชื ืื™ ื”ืจื›ื‘ ืฉื›ืŸ ื—ืœืง ืžื—ื‘ืจื•ืช ื”ืจื›ื‘ ืื™ื ืŸ ืžื›ืกื•ืช ืืช ืขืœื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ื ื–ืง ืื• ื”ืชื”ืคื›ื•ืช ืจื›ื‘. ื›ืžื• ื›ืŸ, ื”ื›ืจืช ื›ืžื” ืžื›ืœืœื™ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื”ื—ืฉื•ื‘ื™ื ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ื‘ื•ื•ื“ืื™ ืชืขื–ื•ืจ ืœืš ื‘ืžืกืข ืฉืœืš ื‘ืจื—ื‘ื™ ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื”.

ืชืงื ื•ืช ื—ืฉื•ื‘ื•ืช

ื”ื›ืจืช ื›ืžื” ืžื”ื›ืœืœื™ื ื”ื—ืฉื•ื‘ื™ื ื‘ืขืช ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ืื• ื‘ื›ืœ ืžื“ื™ื ื” ืื—ืจืช ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœื”ืคื•ืš ืืช ื”ื˜ื™ื•ืœ ืฉืœืš ื•ืืช ื”ืžืกืข ืฉืœืš ื‘ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ืขืฆืžื™ืช ืœื‘ื˜ื•ื—ื™ื ื”ืจื‘ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ื•ืขืœื•ืœื” ืœื”ืฆื™ืœ ืืช ื—ื™ื™ืš. ืœืคื ื™ ืฉืชื ื”ื’ื• ื‘ืžื›ื•ื ื™ืช ื”ืฉื›ื•ืจื” ืฉืœื›ื ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”, ื”ื ื™ื“ืจืฉื• ืžื›ื ืœื“ืขืช ื›ืžื” ื›ืœืœื™ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื—ืฉื•ื‘ื™ื ื‘ืžื“ื™ื ื”, ื•ื›ื“ื™ ืฉืชื“ืขื• ืขืœ ื—ื•ืงื™ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื”ืœืœื• ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”, ืคื™ืจื˜ื ื• ื›ืžื” ืžื”ื›ืœืœื™ื ื”ื”ื›ืจื—ื™ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืชืžื™ื“ ื™ืฉ ืœืชืจื’ืœ ื‘ื–ืžืŸ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” .

ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ืชื—ืช ื”ืฉืคืขื”

ืžื’ื‘ืœืช ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ืืœื›ื•ื”ื•ืœ ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ื ืžื•ื›ื” ืžืื•ื“, ื›-30 ืž"ื’ (0.05%). ืื ื ืชืคืกืช ื—ืจื™ื’ื”, ืงื ืก ื›ื‘ื“ ื•ื‘ื™ื˜ื•ืœ ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื™ื”ื™ื• ื”ืขื•ื ืฉ ื”ืžื™ื ื™ืžืœื™, ืืš ืจื•ื‘ ื”ืžืคืจื™ื ืžื‘ื™ืื™ื ืœืจื•ื‘ ืœืžืืกืจ ื‘ื’ื™ืŸ ืฆืจื™ื›ืช ืืœื›ื•ื”ื•ืœ ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื”. ืื– ื”ืงืคื™ื“ื• ืœื”ื™ืžื ืข ืžื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ืฉื›ืจื•ืช ื‘ืžื“ื™ื ื” ื”ื–ื• ื›ื›ืœ ื”ืืคืฉืจ.

ืžืกืžื›ื™ื

ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื ื”ื’ื™ื ื–ืจื™ื, ื›ืœ ื”ืžืกืžื›ื™ื (ื›ืœื•ืžืจ, IDP, ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื ื”ื™ื’ื”, ื“ืจื›ื•ืŸ ื•ืžืกืžื›ื™ ื”ืฉื›ืจืช ืจื›ื‘, ืื ืจืœื•ื•ื ื˜ื™) ืฆืจื™ื›ื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืื™ืชืš ื‘ื›ืœ ื ืกื™ืขื”. ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”, ื™ืฉื ื ืžื—ืกื•ืžื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื ื‘ืจื—ื‘ื™ ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื” ื•ื™ื—ื™ื™ื‘ื• ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ืžืกืžื›ื™ื ื”ืžืฆื•ื™ื ื™ื. ืื ืœื ืชืขืฉื” ื–ืืช, ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ ืฉืœืš ืคืฉื•ื˜ ื™ื”ื™ื” ืคืกื•ืœ, ื•ื™ื™ื ืชืŸ ืงื ืก ื›ื‘ื“. ื”ื›ื ืช ื”ืžืกืžื›ื™ื ื”ื“ืจื•ืฉื™ื ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื ืกื™ืขืชืš ื‘ืืจืฅ ืขืฉื•ื™ื” ืœื—ืกื•ืš ืžืžืš ืื™ ื ืขื™ืžื•ื™ื•ืช ืžื™ื•ืชืจื•ืช.

ื—ื’ื•ืจ ืืช ื—ื’ื•ืจืช ื”ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช ืฉืœืš ื›ืœ ื”ื–ืžืŸ

ื—ื•ืง ื—ื’ื•ืจื•ืช ื”ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช ื”ื•ื ื—ืœืง ืžื›ืœืœื™ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื”ืกื˜ื ื“ืจื˜ื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ืฆ'ื™ืœื”, ืฉื‘ื”ื ื™ืฉ ืœื—ื’ื•ืจ ื—ื’ื•ืจื•ืช ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช ื‘ื›ืœ ืขืช ื‘ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”. ื–ื” ืื•ืœื™ ื“ื™ ื ืคื•ืฅ ื‘ื›ืœ ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื•ืช, ืื‘ืœ ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”, ืœืžืจื•ืช ืฉื™ืฉ ืžื—ืกื•ืจ ืžื•ื—ืœื˜ ื‘ืžืฉื˜ืจืช ืชื ื•ืขื”, ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ื—ื•ืงื™ื ืžื•ืคืจื™ื, ื”ืฉื•ื˜ืจื™ื ืœื ื™ื”ืกืกื• ืœืขืฆื•ืจ ืื•ืชืš ื•ืœืชืช ืœืš ื›ืจื˜ื™ืก ืขืœ ืื™ ืฆื™ื•ืช ืœื›ืœืœื™ื ืฉืœื”ื. ื”ืชื ื•ืขื” ื‘ื›ื‘ื™ืฉื™ ื”ืืจืฅ ื“ื™ ืžื”ื™ืจื”, ืœื›ืŸ ืชืžื™ื“ ืžืžืœื™ืฆื™ื ืœื”ืงืคื™ื“ ืขืœ ืชืงื ื•ืช ื”ืชืขื‘ื•ืจื” ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ื•ืช ื•ื™ื”ื™ ืžื” ื•ืœื”ืงืคื™ื“ ืขืœ ืชืžืจื•ืจื™ื.

ืื™ืŸ ื—ื ื™ื” ืœื ื—ื•ืงื™ืช

ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ื—ื ื™ื” ื ื™ืชื ื™ื ืœื›ืœ ื ื”ื’ ืชื™ื™ืจื•ืชื™ ื‘ืืจืฅ. ื‘ืืฉืจ ืœืขื™ืจ ืžื˜ืจื•ืคื•ืœื™ื ื™ืช ื’ื“ื•ืœื”, ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ื—ื ื™ื” ืžื™ื•ืขื“ื™ื.

ืชืงื ื™ื ื›ืœืœื™ื™ื ืœื ื”ื™ื’ื”

ืกื˜ื ื“ืจื˜ื™ื ื›ืœืœื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื—ืฉื•ื‘ื™ื ื›ืžื• ื—ื•ืงื™ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื”ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ื™ื ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”, ื’ื ืื ืจื•ื‘ื ื›ื‘ืจ ื ืคื•ืฆื™ื ื‘ืžื“ื™ื ืช ื”ื•ืœื“ืชืš ื•ื‘ืžื“ื™ื ื•ืช ืจื‘ื•ืช ื‘ืจื—ื‘ื™ ื”ืขื•ืœื. ื“ื•ื’ืžืื•ืช ืœื›ืš ื”ืŸ ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ื˜ืœืคื•ื ื™ื ื ื™ื™ื“ื™ื, ืขื™ืฉื•ืŸ ื‘ืชื•ืš ื”ืžื›ื•ื ื™ืช, ื”ืื–ื ื” ื“ืจืš ื”ืื•ื–ื ื™ื•ืช ื‘ื–ืžืŸ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื•ื—ื’ื•ืจื•ืช ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช.

ื”ื”ื‘ื“ืœ ื”ื•ื ืฉื’ื ืขื ื›ืœืœื™ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื”ืกื˜ื ื“ืจื˜ื™ื™ื ื”ืœืœื• ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”, ื”ืฉื•ื˜ืจื™ื ื‘ืžื“ื™ื ื” ืคืขื™ืœื™ื ื•ืžื•ื“ืขื™ื ืœื ื”ื’ื™ื ืฉืžืคืจื™ื ื—ื•ืงื™ื ืืœื• ื•ืขืœื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ื•ื‘ื™ืœ ืœืชื•ืฆืื•ืช ื—ืžื•ืจื•ืช, ืœืจื‘ื•ืช ืฉืœื™ืœืช ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื ื”ื™ื’ื”.

ืžื’ื‘ืœืช ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช

ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”, ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื ืกื•ืข ืœืฉืœื•ืฉื” ืกื•ื’ื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ืขื ืกื•ื’ื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ืžื’ื‘ืœื•ืช ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช. ื‘ื ืกื™ืขื” ืขื™ืจื•ื ื™ืช, ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช ื”ื ืกื™ืขื” ื”ืžืจื‘ื™ืช ื”ื™ื ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ 50-60 ืงืž"ืฉ (31-38 ืงืž"ืฉ); ื‘ื›ื‘ื™ืฉื™ื ืžื”ื™ืจื™ื, ื–ื” ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ 120 ืงืž"ืฉ (75 ืžื™ื™ืœ ืœืฉืขื”); ื•ื‘ื›ื‘ื™ืฉื™ื ื›ืคืจื™ื™ื ื”ื•ื 100 ืงืž"ืฉ (62 ืžื™ื™ืœ ืœืฉืขื”).

ื›ืœ ืžื’ื‘ืœื•ืช ื”ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช ื”ืœืœื• ื™ื›ื•ืœื•ืช ืœืงื‘ืœ ืคื˜ื•ืจ ืื ื™ืฉ ืžื’ื‘ืœื•ืช ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช ืœื™ื“ ื”ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ. ื•ืื ืชื™ืชืคืก ื‘ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช ืžื•ืคืจื–ืช ื‘ื–ืžืŸ ื‘ื™ืงื•ืจ ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”, ืชืงื‘ืœ ืงื ืก ื›ื‘ื“, ืื‘ืœ ืื ืืชื” ืžืงื•ืžื™, ื™ืฉ ืืคืฉืจื•ืช ืฉื’ื ืืชื” ืชื™ืืกืจ, ืชืœื•ื™ ื›ืžื” ืžื”ืจ ืืชื” ื ื•ืกืข.

ืฉืœื˜ื™ ืชื ื•ืขื”

ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ืžืฉืชืžืฉืช ื‘"ืืžื ืช ื•ื™ื ื” ื‘ื ื•ืฉื ืชืžืจื•ืจื™ื ื•ืื•ืชื•ืช ื“ืจื›ื™ื". ื–ื•ื”ื™ ืืžื ื” ืจื‘-ืฆื“ื“ื™ืช ืฉื ืขืฉืชื” ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื’ื‘ื™ืจ ืืช ื”ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช ื‘ื“ืจื›ื™ื ื•ืชืžื™ื›ื” ื‘ืชื ื•ืขื” ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ืช ื‘ื›ื‘ื™ืฉื™ื, ื›ืœื•ืžืจ ื”ืฉืœื˜ื™ื ืฉืœื” ืขื•ืžื“ื™ื ื‘ืกื˜ื ื“ืจื˜ื™ื ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ื™ื. ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื” ืžืฉืชืžืฉืช ื‘ื™ื”ืœื•ื ืฆื”ื•ื‘ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืฉืœื˜ื™ ืื–ื”ืจื”, ื”ื ืคื•ืฆื™ื ืœืจื•ื‘ ืื–ืจื—ื™ ืืจื”"ื‘, ื•ื‘ืขื™ื’ื•ืœ ืื“ื•ื ืขื ืจืงืข ืœื‘ืŸ ื•ื›ื™ืชื•ื‘ ืฉื—ื•ืจ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ื’ื‘ืœืช ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช ื•ืชืžืจื•ืจื™ื.

ื–ื›ื•ืช ืžืขื‘ืจ

ืœื›ืœื™ ืจื›ื‘ ื‘ืฆื“ ื™ืžื™ืŸ ืฉืœ ื”ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ ื™ืฉ ื–ื›ื•ืช ืงื“ื™ืžื” ืืœื ืื ื›ืŸ ื™ืฉ ืขืžื“ืช ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ืฉืื•ืžืจ ืื—ืจืช. ื™ืชืจื” ืžื›ืš, ืœื”ื•ืœื›ื™ ืจื’ืœ ืชืžื™ื“ ืชื”ื™ื” ื–ื›ื•ืช ืงื“ื™ืžื” ืืœื ืื ื™ืขืฆืจื• ื‘ืจืžื–ื•ืจ, ื•ืœืจื›ื‘ื™ ื—ื™ืจื•ื ื‘ืขืœื™ ื–ื›ื•ืช ืงื“ื™ืžื”. ืชืจื’ืœ ื–ืืช ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืงื‘ื•ืข ื‘ื›ืœ ืคืขื ืฉืืชื” ื ื•ืกืข ื‘ืจื—ื‘ื™ ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ื›ื“ื™ ืœืžื ื•ืข ืชืื•ื ื•ืช ื“ืจื›ื™ื ื’ื“ื•ืœื•ืช.

ื‘ืื–ื•ืจื™ื ืžืื•ื›ืœืกื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ืžืจื›ื– ื”ืขื™ืจ, ื”ื‘ืขื™ื” ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื”ื™ื ื›ื™ืฆื“ ื—ืœืง ืžื”ื ื”ื’ื™ื ื”ื ืื’ืจืกื™ื‘ื™ื™ื. ืกื™ื‘ื” ืœื›ืš ืฉื—ืœืง ืžื”ืชื™ื™ืจื™ื ื—ื•ืฉืฉื™ื ืœืœื›ืช ืœื—ื‘ืจืช ื”ืฉื›ืจืช ืจื›ื‘ ืคืจื˜ื™ืช. ื‘ืžืงืจื” ืฉืœ ืชืื•ื ื•ืช, ื–ื›ื•ืจ ืชืžื™ื“ ืืช ืžืกืคืจ ืฉื™ืจื•ืชื™ ื”ื—ื™ืจื•ื ื”ื‘ื ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”:

  • ื‘ืžืงืจื” ืฉืœ ืชืื•ื ื•ืช ื—ื™ื™ื’ื• 131
  • ืœื”ืชืงืฉืจ ืœืžืฉื˜ืจื” 133 (ืื• ืฉืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื—ื™ื™ื’ 911)

ื’ื™ืœ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื—ื•ืงื™

ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ืฆืจื™ื›ื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื‘ื ื™ 18 ืœืคื—ื•ืช ื•ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืขืœื™ ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ืฆ'ื™ืœื™ืื ื™ ืชืงืฃ ื›ื“ื™ ืœืขืœื•ืช ืžืื—ื•ืจื™ ื”ื”ื’ื”, ืื‘ืœ ืื ืืชื” ืžื‘ืงืจ ืฉืจื•ืฆื” ืœื ื”ื•ื’ ื‘ืจื—ื‘ื™ ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื”, ืขืœื™ืš ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืŸ 20 ืœืคื—ื•ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœืฉื›ื•ืจ ืžื›ื•ื ื™ืช. ืื‘ืœ ืžื” ืื ื™ืฉ ืœืš ื‘ืŸ ืœื•ื•ื™ื” ื‘ืŸ 18? ื–ื” ื™ื”ื™ื” ืชืœื•ื™ ื‘ื—ื‘ืจืช ื”ืฉื›ืจืช ื”ืจื›ื‘ ืื ื”ื™ื ืชืืคืฉืจ ื–ืืช ื•ื’ื ื‘ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ืฉืœื”ื.

ื”ื ืฆืจื™ื›ื™ื ืœื”ื—ื–ื™ืง ื‘ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ืœืคื—ื•ืช ืฉื ื” ื›ื“ื™ ืœื ื”ื•ื’ ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”. ืื ืื—ื“ ืื• ืจื•ื‘ื ืื™ื ื ืขื•ืžื“ื™ื ื‘ื“ืจื™ืฉื•ืช, ื”ื ืœื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื ื”ื•ื’ ื‘ืชื•ืš ื”ืืจืฅ. ื›ืžื• ื›ืŸ, ืขื•ื‘ื“ื” ืžื”ื ื”, ืื ืืชื” ื ื•ืกืข ืœืฆ'ื™ืœื” ืžืืจื”"ื‘, ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืขืฉื•ืช ื–ืืช. ื™ืฉ ื›ื‘ื™ืฉื™ื ืขื‘ื™ืจื™ื ืœืขื‘ื•ืจ ืื ืืชื” ืจื•ืฆื” ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืกื™ื•ืจ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ืœืฆ'ื™ืœื” ื•ืื ื™ืฉ ืœืš ื–ืžืŸ ืœื ืกื•ืข ืžืืจื”"ื‘ ืœืฆ'ื™ืœื”.

ืฉื™ืžื• ืœื‘ ืฉืชืฆื˜ืจื›ื• ืœืชื›ื ืŸ ืืช ื”ื˜ื™ื•ืœ ืฉืœื›ื. ื—ืœืง ืžื”ื›ื‘ื™ืฉื™ื, ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ื‘ื“ืจื•ื, ืžื•ืฉื‘ืชื™ื ื‘ืฉืœ ืฉืœื’ ื‘ื—ื•ืจืฃ ื•ื‘ืขื•ื ื” ื”ืจื˜ื•ื‘ื”.

ื—ื•ืงื™ ืขืงื™ืคื”

ืื ืืชื” ืžืžื“ื™ื ื” ืฉืคื•ืขืœืช ื‘ืฆื“ ื™ืžื™ืŸ ืฉืœ ื”ืžื›ื•ื ื™ืช, ื—ื•ื•ื™ืช ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ืฉืœืš ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ืœื ืชื”ื™ื” ืฉื•ื ื”. ื›ื™, ื›ืžื• ื‘ืืจืฅ ื”ื•ืœื“ืชืš, ื”ื ืขื•ืงืคื™ื ื‘ืฆื“ ืฉืžืืœ ืฉืœ ื”ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ, ืืš ื–ื›ืจื• ืฉืœืจื›ื‘ื™ื ืžื™ืžื™ืŸ ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื™ืฉ ื–ื›ื•ืช ืงื“ื™ืžื” ืืœื ืื ืขืžื“ื•ืช ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ืื•ืžืจื•ืช ืื—ืจืช.

ืขืงื™ืคื” ืขืฉื•ื™ื” ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื“ื‘ืจ ืžืกื•ื›ืŸ, ืื‘ืœ ืื ืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืืช ื–ื” ื™ืฉ ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื ืฉืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื“ืขืช. ืœืคื ื™ ื”ืขืงื™ืคื”, ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœื“ืขืช ืฉื™ืฉ ืžืงื•ื ืคื ื•ื™ ืจื—ื‘ ืžื•ืœ ื”ืžื›ื•ื ื™ืช ืื•ืชื” ืืชื” ืขื•ืงืฃ. ื•ื“ืื• ืฉื”ืžื›ื•ื ื™ืช ืฉืžืื—ื•ืจื™ื›ื ืื™ื ื” ืžืชื›ื ื ืช ืœืขืงื•ืฃ ื‘ืžืงื‘ื™ืœ ืœืฉืœืš, ืขืœื™ื›ื ื’ื ืœื”ื‘ื˜ื™ื— ืฉืื™ืŸ ืžื›ื•ื ื™ื•ืช ื ื›ื ืกื•ืช ืœืคื ื™ื›ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื™ืžื ืข ืžืœื”ืกืชื‘ืš ื‘ืชืื•ื ื”.

ืฆื“ ื ื”ื™ื’ื”

ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ื”ื™ื ื‘ืฆื“ ื™ืžื™ืŸ ืฉืœ ื”ืžื›ื•ื ื™ืช, ืืš ืคื ื™ื•ืช ื™ืžื™ื ื” ืžื•ื’ื‘ืœื•ืช ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ื‘ืจืžื–ื•ืจื™ื ืื“ื•ืžื™ื, ืืœื ืื ื›ืŸ ืฆื•ื™ืŸ ืื—ืจืช. ื”ื ืคื•ืขืœื™ื ื’ื ื‘ืฆื“ ื™ืžื™ืŸ ืฉืœ ื”ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ ื•ืขื•ืงืคื™ื ืžืฆื“ ืฉืžืืœ. ืืชื” ื—ื™ื™ื‘ ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืืช ื–ื” ื‘ืจืืฉ ืžืขื™ื™ื ืš, ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืื ืืชื” ืžืžื“ื™ื ื” ืฉื ื•ืกืขืช ื‘ืฆื“ ืฉืžืืœ. ื‘ืœื‘ื•ืœ ืขืœื•ืœ ืœื”ื•ื‘ื™ืœ ืœืชืื•ื ื•ืช ืืคืฉืจื™ื•ืช.

ื›ืœืœื™ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”

ื›ืžื• ืžื“ื™ื ื•ืช ืจื‘ื•ืช ืื—ืจื•ืช, ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ื™ืฉ ื›ื‘ื™ืฉื™ื ื‘ืžืฆื‘ ื’ืจื•ืข, ื—ืœืงื ื ื•ื‘ืขื™ื ืžืืกื•ื ื•ืช ื˜ื‘ืข, ื•ืื—ืจื™ื ืคืฉื•ื˜ ื ืฉื—ืงื• ืžืžื›ื•ื ื™ื•ืช ืฉืขื•ื‘ืจื•ืช ืžื“ื™ ื™ื•ื. ืื– ื‘ื ืกื™ืขื” ื‘ืจื—ื‘ื™ ื”ืืจืฅ, ื”ืงืคื™ื“ื• ืœื ืงื•ื˜ ืžืฉื ื” ื–ื”ื™ืจื•ืช ื‘ื ืกื™ืขื” ื‘ื—ืœืง ืžื”ื›ื‘ื™ืฉื™ื (ื›ืœื•ืžืจ, ื›ื‘ื™ืฉื™ื ื”ืจืจื™ื™ื ื•ื›ื‘ื™ืฉื™ื ืงื˜ื ื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ).

ื›ืžื• ื›ืŸ, ื˜ื•ื•ื— ื”ื ืกื™ืขื” ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืืจื•ืš, ืื– ื•ื“ืื• ืฉืืชื ืžืชื“ืœืงื™ื ื‘ืชื—ื ื•ืช ื“ืœืง ื‘ืฆื“ ื”ื“ืจืš ื›ืืฉืจ ืืชื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื, ื›ื™ ื™ื™ืชื›ืŸ ืฉื™ื”ื™ื• ื›ืžื” ืžื”ื ื›ืฉื™ื•ืฆืื™ื ืœื›ืœ ื™ืขื“ ื•ื™ืฉ ื‘ื™ื ื™ื”ื ืžืจื—ืงื™ื ืืจื•ื›ื™ื.

ืชืงืœื” ื‘ืจื›ื‘

ืื ื”ืจื›ื‘ ื”ืฉื›ื•ืจ ืฉืœืš ืžืชืงืœืงืœ, ื”ื“ื‘ืจ ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ืฉืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœืขืฉื•ืช ื”ื•ื ืœืขืฆื•ืจ ื‘ืฆื“ ื”ื“ืจืš ืื ืืคืฉืจ ื›ื“ื™ ืฉืœื ืชื’ืจื•ื ืœืชื ื•ืขื”. ื”ืฉืœื‘ ื”ื‘ื ื”ื•ื ืœื”ื“ืœื™ืง ืืช ื ื•ืจื•ืช ื”ืกื™ื›ื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ื”ืจื›ื‘ ื•ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ืžืฉื•ืœืฉื™ ืื–ื”ืจื” ืื ื”ื—ื‘ืจื” ืžืกืคืงืช ืœืš ืขืจื›ืช ืขื–ืจ ื•ืœื”ืชืงืฉืจ ืœื—ื‘ืจืช ื”ื”ืฉื›ืจื” ื•ืœืกืคืจ ืœื”ื ืขืœ ื”ืื™ืจื•ืข.

ืื ื”ืขืžื“ืช ื”ืจื›ื‘ ื‘ืฆื“ื™ ื”ื“ืจื›ื™ื ืื™ื ื” ืืคืฉืจื™ืช, ื“ืื’ื• ืœื™ื™ื“ืข ืืช ืฉืืจ ื”ื ื”ื’ื™ื ื›ื›ืœ ื”ืืคืฉืจ ื›ื“ื™ ืœืžื ื•ืข ื•ื™ื›ื•ื—ื™ื. ื‘ืงืฉื• ืืช ืขื–ืจืชื ื‘ืžื™ื“ืช ื”ืืคืฉืจ. ืื‘ืœ ืื ืžื“ื•ื‘ืจ ืจืง ื‘ื‘ืขื™ื” ืžื™ื ื•ืจื™ืช, ื ื ื™ื— ื‘ืคื ืฆ'ืจ, ืื ืืชื” ื™ื•ื“ืข ืื™ืš ืœืชืงืŸ ืืช ื–ื” ื•ื™ืฉ ืœืš ืืช ื”ื›ืœื™ื ื”ืžืชืื™ืžื™ื, ื™ื”ื™ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžื”ื™ืจ ืœืชืงืŸ ืืช ื–ื” ื‘ืขืฆืžืš ืžืืฉืจ ืœื—ื›ื•ืช ืœืกื™ื•ืข ื‘ืฆื“ ื”ื“ืจืš.

ื”ืžืฉื˜ืจื” ืขื•ืฆืจืช

ืื ืื™ ืคืขื ืžืฉื›ืช ืืช ืชืฉื•ืžืช ื”ืœื‘ ืฉืœ ื”ืžืฉื˜ืจื”, ืืœ ืชื“ืื’, ืงืืจืื‘ื™ื ืจื•ืก ืžืื•ื“ ืžื ื•ืžืกื™ื, ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ื›ืœืคื™ ื ื”ื’ื™ื ื–ืจื™ื. ืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืจืง ืฉื ื™ ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ืื ืื™ ืคืขื ื™ืขืฆืจื• ืื•ืชืš ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืžืฉื˜ืจื”, ืœื”ืงืฉื™ื‘ ื•ืœืฉืชืฃ ืคืขื•ืœื”. ื”ื™ื• ืžื›ื‘ื“ื™ื ื‘ืฉื™ื—ื” ืื™ืชื ื•ืืœ ืชืชื ื”ื’ื• ื‘ื’ืกื•ืช. ืื ืื™ ืคืขื ืขืฆืจื• ืื•ืชืš ื‘ื’ืœืœ ืฉื”ืคืจืช ื—ื•ืง, ืชื”ื™ื” ื›ื ื” ืœื’ื‘ื™ ื–ื” ื•ืชื”ื™ื” ืžื•ื›ืŸ ืœืฉืœื ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ืงื ืกื•ืช. ืœืขื•ืœื ืืœ ืชื ืกื” ืœื”ืชื•ื•ื›ื— ื•ืœืฉื›ื ืข ืฉื•ื˜ืจื™ื ืœื•ื•ืชืจ ืขืœ ื”ืงื ืก; ืคืขื•ืœื” ื–ื• ืจืง ืชื•ื‘ื™ืœ ืœื‘ืขื™ื” ื—ืžื•ืจื” ื™ื•ืชืจ.

ืœืื—ืจ ืฉื”ื›ืœ ื™ื•ืกื“ืจ, ื”ื•ื“ื• ืœืงืฆื™ื ื™ื ืขืœ ืฉื™ืจื•ืชื ื•ื”ืชืงื“ื ืœื›ื™ื•ื•ื ื›ื. ื”ื™ื” ืžื•ื›ืŸ ืœืงื‘ืœ ืืช ื”ืขืฆื•ืช ืื• ื”ื”ื ื—ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืงืฆื™ืŸ, ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืื ื–ื” ื—ืœ ืขืœ ื”ื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ืื• ื”ืžืฆื‘ ืฉืœืš.

ืฉื•ืืœ ื”ื ื—ื™ื•ืช

ื”ืฆ'ื™ืœื™ืื ื™ื ื”ืžืฉื•ืชืคื™ื ืžืื•ื“ ื™ื“ื™ื“ื•ืชื™ื™ื ื•ืžืกื‘ื™ืจื™ ืคื ื™ื, ืื– ืื ืื™ ืคืขื ืชืฆื˜ืจื›ื• ืœื‘ืงืฉ ื”ื ื—ื™ื•ืช, ื”ื ื™ืฉืžื—ื• ืœืขื–ื•ืจ. ืœืžืจื‘ื” ื”ืฆืขืจ, ื‘ืžืงื•ื ืœื”ื•ื“ื•ืช ืฉื”ื ืœื ื™ื•ื“ืขื™ื ืืช ื”ืžืกืœื•ืœ ืื• ื”ืžืงื•ื, ื”ืฆ'ื™ืœื™ืื ื™ื ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื™ืžืฉื™ื›ื• ืœืชืช ืœืš ืื—ื“ ื‘ื›ืœ ืžืงืจื”, ืื– ืจืง ื”ื™ื–ื”ืจ ื›ืฉืฉื•ืืœื™ื ืื•ืชื. ืื ืืชื” ืจื•ืฆื” ืœืงื‘ืœ ื”ืกื‘ืจ ืžื“ื•ื™ืง, ืขื“ื™ืฃ ืœืฉืื•ืœ ืืช ื”ืงืจื‘ื™ื ืจื•ืก . ื”ื ื” ื›ืžื” ืžื™ืœื™ื ืฉื‘ื”ืŸ ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื›ืฉืืชื” ืžื ืกื” ืœื“ื‘ืจ ืื™ืชืŸ:

  • Wรฉon - ื‘ืกื“ืจ / ื˜ื•ื‘ / ื”ื™ื™
  • Bacรกn/la raja/filete - ืžื“ื”ื™ื
  • ืงืฆ'ืื™? - ืืชื” ืžื‘ื™ืŸ ืื•ืชื™?
  • Cรณmo estรกs? - ืžื” ืฉืœื•ืžืš?
  • ื”ื•ืœื” - ืฉืœื•ื
  • Buenos dรญas - ื‘ื•ืงืจ ื˜ื•ื‘
  • buenas tardes - ืฆื”ืจื™ื™ื ื˜ื•ื‘ื™ื
  • Buenas noches - ืœื™ืœื” ื˜ื•ื‘
  • ื’ืจืกื™ืืก - ืชื•ื“ื”
  • ืขืœ ืœื ื“ื‘ืจ. - ืืชื” ืžื•ื–ืžืŸ
  • ืื“ื™ื•ืก - ืœื”ืชืจืื•ืช
  • ืื™ืŸ ืื ื˜ื™ืื ื“ื•. - ืื ื™ ืœื ืžื‘ื™ืŸ
  • Hablo un poco de espaรฑol - ืื ื™ ืžื“ื‘ืจ ืงืฆืช ืกืคืจื“ื™ืช
  • Por favor, hable mรกs lente - ื‘ื‘ืงืฉื”, ื“ื‘ืจ ืงืฆืช ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœืื˜

  • Puede ื—ื•ื–ืจื™ื. - ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื’ื™ื“ ืืช ื–ื” ืฉื•ื‘?
  • Hablas inglรฉs? - ืืชื” ืžื“ื‘ืจ ืื ื’ืœื™ืช?
  • Disculpe - ืกืœื™ื—ื”
  • ืœื• ืกื™ื ื˜ื• - ืื ื™ ืžืฆื˜ืขืจ
  • Necesita(s) mi pasaporte? - ืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืืช ื”ื“ืจื›ื•ืŸ ืฉืœื™?
  • ืื™ื–ืงื•ื•ื™ืจื“ื” - ืฉืžืืœ
  • ื“ืจืš - ื ื›ื•ืŸ
  • ืกืœื™ื“ื” - ื™ืฆื™ืื”
  • Por favor, llรฉveme a esta direcccion - ื‘ื‘ืงืฉื” ืงื— ืื•ืชื™ ืœื›ืืŸ
  • Ayuda, por favor - ืขื–ืจื”, ื‘ื‘ืงืฉื”
  • ืืกื˜ื•ื™ื™ ืคืจื“ื™ื“ื• - ืื ื™ ืื‘ื•ื“

ืžื—ืกื•ืžื™ื

ืžื—ืกื•ืžื™ื ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ื ืžืฆืื™ื ื‘ื›ืœ ืžืงื•ื. ื”ืžืฉื˜ืจื” ืชืขืฆื•ืจ ืื•ืชืš ื‘ืืงืจืื™, ืœื ื‘ื’ืœืœ ืฉืืชื” ื ื•ืกืข ื‘ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช ืžื•ืคืจื–ืช ืื• ืœื ืขืงื‘ืช ืื—ืจ ื›ืœืœื™ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ืฉืœื”ื; ื”ื ืจืง ืจื•ืฆื™ื ืœื‘ื“ื•ืง ืืช ื”ืžืกืžื›ื™ื ืฉืœืš ื•ืฉืืชื” ื—ื•ืงื™ ืœื ื”ื•ื’ ื‘ืžื“ื™ื ื” ืฉืœื”ื. ื›ืฉืืชื” ืžืชืงืจื‘ ืœืžื—ืกื•ื, ื”ืื˜ ืืช ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืชืš ื•ื’ืœื’ืœ ืืช ื”ื—ืœื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืœืš ืžืขื˜ ืžืกืคื™ืง ื›ื“ื™ ืฉืืชื” ื•ื”ืฉื•ื˜ืจื™ื ืชืฉืžืขื• ื–ื” ืืช ื–ื”.

ื”ื™ื• ืžื›ื‘ื“ื™ื ืื™ืชื ืื ืื™ ืคืขื ื™ืงืจื” ืžื—ืกื•ื. ื›ืœ ืžื” ืฉืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœืขืฉื•ืช ื”ื•ื ืœืฉืชืฃ ืคืขื•ืœื” ื•ืœืชืช ื›ืœ ืžืกืžื›ื™ื ืžื‘ื•ืงืฉื™ื, ื’ื ืื ื–ื” ืขืœื•ืœ ืœืงืจื•ืช ืžืกืคืจ ืคืขืžื™ื. ืœืื—ืจ ืฉืกื™ื“ืจื• ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ื”ื“ืจื•ืฉื™ื, ื”ื•ื“ื• ืœืงืฆื™ื ื™ื ืขืœ ืฉื™ืจื•ืชื ื•ื”ืชืงื“ื ืœืขื‘ืจ ื”ื™ืขื“.

ื˜ื™ืคื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื

ืžืœื‘ื“ ืืœื” ืฉื”ื•ื–ื›ืจื• ืœืขื™ืœ, ื™ืฉื ื ื˜ื™ืคื™ื ื ื•ืกืคื™ื ืฉื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉื™ื™ื ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ืฉืœืš ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”. ืืชื” ืขืœื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ืชืงืœ ื‘ืžืฆื‘ื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื, ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืื ืืชื” ื ื•ืกืข ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ื—ื’ื™ื ืื• ื ื•ืกืข ืžืžื“ื™ื ื” ืื—ืจืช. ื”ื ื” ื›ืžื” ืžื”ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ืฉืขืฉื•ื™ื™ื ืœืขื–ื•ืจ ืœืš ื‘ืžืกืข ืฉืœืš ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”:

ืžื” ืื ืืกืข ืžืฆ'ื™ืœื” ืœืืจื’ื ื˜ื™ื ื”?

ื ืกื™ืขื” ืžืฆ'ื™ืœื” ืœืืจื’ื ื˜ื™ื ื” ืืคืฉืจื™ืช, ืื‘ืœ ื™ืฉ ื›ืžื” ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ืฉื›ื“ืื™ ืœื–ื›ื•ืจ. ื™ืฉ ื’ื‘ื•ืœ ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืฉื ื™ื™ื, ืื– ื”ืงืคื™ื“ื• ืœื”ื—ื–ื™ืง ืืช ื”ื“ืจื›ื•ืŸ ื•ืืช ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ืฉืœื›ื. ื›ืžื• ื›ืŸ, ื ื“ืจืฉ ื‘ื™ื˜ื•ื— ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ื‘ืขืช ื—ืฆื™ื™ืช ื”ื’ื‘ื•ืœ.

ื‘ืขืช ื”ืฉื›ืจืช ืจื›ื‘, ื”ื—ื‘ืจื” ืชืกืคืง ืœื›ื ืื™ืฉื•ืจ ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืœื ืกื™ืขื” ืœืืจื’ื ื˜ื™ื ื” ื‘ืชื•ืกืคืช ืžื—ื™ืจ, ื›ื•ืœืœ ื›ืœ ื”ื ื™ื™ืจืช ื”ื“ืจื•ืฉื” ืœืžืขื‘ืจ ื”ื’ื‘ื•ืœ. ื‘ืขืช ื‘ืงืฉืช ืื™ืฉื•ืจ ื™ืฉ ืœื”ื’ื™ืฉื• ืžืกืคืจ ื™ืžื™ื ืžืจืืฉ ืœืคื ื™ ื™ื•ื ื”ื”ืฉื›ืจื”, ื•ืœื”ื—ื–ื™ืจ ืืช ื”ืจื›ื‘ ื”ืฉื›ื•ืจ ืœืฆ'ื™ืœื”. ื”ื”ื™ืชืจ ืชืงืฃ ืœื™ืฆื™ืื” ืื—ืช ืœืืจื’ื ื˜ื™ื ื” ื•ื›ื ื™ืกื” ืื—ืช ืœืฆ'ื™ืœื”, ื•ืžืขื‘ืจ ื”ื’ื‘ื•ืœ ื”ืื•ืคื™ื™ื ื™ ื›ื•ืœืœ ืืช ื”ืžืกืœื•ืœ ืžืกื ื˜ื™ืื’ื• ืœืžื ื“ื•ื–ื” ื•ืืœื“ื™ื‘ื™ื” ืœื‘ืจื™ืœื•ืฆ'ื”.

ืœืืŸ ืœื ื”ื•ื’ ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ื—ื’ื™ื ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”?

ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ื‘ื™ืงื•ืจ ืฉืœืš, ื ืกื™ืขื” ื‘ืจื—ื‘ื™ ื”ืืจืฅ ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ื—ื•ืคืฉื” ืฉืœืš ืขืฉื•ื™ื” ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื—ืœืง ืžืจืฉื™ืžืช ื”ื“ืœื™ื™ื ืฉืœืš. ื—ื•ื•ื™ืช ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ืฉืœ ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ืžื“ื”ื™ืžื”. ื–ื” ืขืฉื•ื™ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื–ื™ื’-ื–ื’ ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืจื™ ื’ืขืฉ ื•ืื’ืžื™ื ื›ื—ื•ืœื™ื ืงืจื™ืกื˜ืœ ืื• ืœื™ื”ื ื•ืช ืžื”ื ื•ืฃ ื•ื”ื—ื•ืคืฉ ืฉืœ ื”ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ ื”ืคืชื•ื—, ืœืขืฆื•ืจ ืžืชื™ ื•ืื™ืคื” ืฉืชืจืฆื• ื‘ื“ืจืš. ื›ืš ืื• ื›ืš, ืื ืืชื” ืจื•ืฆื” ืœื™ื”ื ื•ืช ืžื”ื–ืžืŸ ืฉืœืš, ืื•ืœื™ ืชืจืฆื” ืœืฉืงื•ืœ ืœื ืกื•ืข ื‘ืจื›ื‘ ืฉื›ื•ืจ ื‘ืจื—ื‘ื™ ืฆ'ื™ืœื”.

ื”ืื ืžืงื•ื‘ืœ ืœื ืกื•ืข ืžืงื ื“ื” ืœืฆ'ื™ืœื”?

ืœืžืจื•ืช ืฉื–ื” ื ืจืื” ืคืฉื•ื˜ ื™ื—ืกื™ืช ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืืช ื”ื˜ื™ื•ืœ ื”ื–ื”, ื”ื ืกื™ืขื” ืžืงื ื“ื” ืœืฆ'ื™ืœื” ื”ื™ื ืœื ื›ืฆืคื•ื™ ื•ืงืœื” ื›ืžื• ืฉื–ื” ื ืจืื”. ืงื•ื“ื ื›ืœ, ื™ืฉ ื“ืจื™ื™ืŸ ื’ืืค ื‘ื“ืจืš ืœืฆ'ื™ืœื”. ื–ื”ื• ืงื˜ืข ืฉืœ ืฉืžืžื” ื‘ืชื•ืœื™ ื‘ืคื ืžื” ืฉืžื•ื ืข ืžื”ื ื”ื’ื™ื ืœืขื‘ื•ืจ ืœื—ืœื•ื˜ื™ืŸ ืœื“ืจื•ื ืืžืจื™ืงื”. ื•ืฉื ื™ืช, ืจื‘ื™ื ืžื”ื›ื‘ื™ืฉื™ื ื”ืจืืฉื™ื™ื ืฉืขื•ื‘ืจื™ื ื“ืจืš ืžืงืกื™ืงื• ื•ืžืจื›ื– ืืžืจื™ืงื” ื•ืžื•ื‘ื™ืœื™ื ืœื“ืจื•ื ืืžืจื™ืงื” ื”ื ื’ื ื ืชื™ื‘ื™ ืกืžื™ื ืžืจื›ื–ื™ื™ื ืœืงืจื˜ืœื™ื.

ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ, ืชื™ื™ืจื™ื ื”ื™ื• ื‘ื˜ื•ื—ื™ื ื‘ื›ื‘ื™ืฉื™ื ื”ืืœื”, ืื‘ืœ ื–ื” ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืžืฉื”ื• ืฉืฆืจื™ืš ืœื–ื›ื•ืจ, ื•ื–ื” ืขืœื•ืœ ืœืžื ื•ืข ืžืžืš ื”ืจื‘ื” ืฉืขื•ืช ื‘ืœื™ืœื”.

ื”ืื ืืคืฉืจ ืœื ืกื•ืข ืžืืœืกืงื” ืœืฆ'ื™ืœื”?

ื›ืžื• ืœื”ืชื—ื™ืœ ื‘ืงื ื“ื”, ืชืฆื˜ืจืš ืœืขื‘ื•ืจ ื“ืจืš ื”-Darien Gap ืื ืชืจืฆื” ืœื ืกื•ืข ืœืฆ'ื™ืœื” ืžืืœืกืงื”. ืชืฆื˜ืจืš ืœื”ืฉืื™ืจ ืืช ื”ืžื›ื•ื ื™ืช ืฉืœืš ืžื”-Darien Gap, ืœืงื—ืช ื˜ื™ืกื” ื•ืœื”ืžืฉื™ืš ื‘ื ืกื™ืขื” ื‘ืฆื“ ื”ืฉื ื™. ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ, ื›ืžื•ื‘ืŸ, ืœื”ื‘ื™ื ืืช ื”ืจื›ื‘ ืฉืœืš ืื™ืชืš, ืื‘ืœ ื–ื” ื™ื”ื™ื” ื™ืงืจ. ื™ื”ื™ื” ื–ื•ืœ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœืฉื›ื•ืจ ืจื›ื‘ ื›ืฉืชื’ื™ืขื• ืœืฆื“ ื”ืฉื ื™.

ื›ืžื• ื›ืŸ, ื›ืืฉืจ ืืชื” ื—ื•ืฆื” ื“ืจืš ืžื“ื™ื ื•ืช, ืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœืฉืงื•ืœ ืืช ื”ืืžืฆืขื™ื ืœืขื‘ื•ืจ ืืช ื”ื”ื’ื™ืจื” ื•ื”ืžื›ืก ื‘ื›ืœ ื’ื‘ื•ืœ, ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืื ืืชื” ืžื‘ื™ื ืจื›ื‘ ืžืฉืœืš.

ื”ืื ืื•ื›ืœ ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื”ืื™ืจื•ืคื™ ืฉืœื™ ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”?

ื›ืŸ, ื›ืœ ืขื•ื“ ื™ืฉ ืœืš ืืช ื”ื“ืจื›ื•ืŸ, ื”ื•ื™ื–ื” ื•ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืื™ืชืš ื‘ื›ืœ ืคืขื ืฉืืชื” ื ื•ื”ื’, ื›ื™ ื™ืฉ ื”ืจื‘ื” ืงืจื‘ื™ื ืจื™ื ื‘ืจื—ื‘ื™ ื”ืืจืฅ ืฉืขืœื•ืœื™ื ืœืขืฆื•ืจ ืื•ืชืš ืœืžื—ืกื•ื ื•ืœื‘ืงืฉ ืืช ื”ืžืกืžื›ื™ื ื”ื“ืจื•ืฉื™ื. ื–ื” ื™ืงืจื” ื”ืจื‘ื” ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ื ืกื™ืขื” ืฉืœืš, ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืื ืืชื” ืžื‘ืงืจ ื‘ืžื“ื™ื ื” ืฉืœื”ื.

ืชื ืื™ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”

ื‘ืขืช ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”, ืœื—ืœืง ืžื”ื›ื‘ื™ืฉื™ื ื”ืžื”ื™ืจื™ื ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื™ื (ืžืชื•ืš ืกื ื˜ื™ืื’ื• ื•ื—ืœืงื™ื ืžื”ื›ื‘ื™ืฉื™ื ื”ืžื”ื™ืจื™ื ืฉืœ ืคืืŸ ืืžืจื™ืงื ื”) ื™ืฉ ื›ื‘ื™ืฉื™ื ืžื”ื™ืจื™ื. ืชื—ื ื•ืช ืจื‘ื•ืช ื”ืŸ ืืœืงื˜ืจื•ื ื™ื•ืช, ืืš ื—ืœืง ืžื”ื›ื‘ื™ืฉื™ื ื”ืžื”ื™ืจื™ื ื”ื—ื“ืฉื™ื ื ืคื˜ืจื™ื ืžืžืขืจื›ืช ืืœืงื˜ืจื•ื ื™ืช, ืœื›ืŸ ืžื•ืžืœืฅ ืœื•ื•ื“ื ืฉืœืžื›ื•ื ื™ืช ืฉืœืš ื™ืฉ TAG, ืžื›ืฉื™ืจ ืืœืงื˜ืจื•ื ื™ ื”ืžืฉืžืฉ ืœืชืฉืœื•ื ืื’ืจื•ืช, ื•ืฉื™ืฉ ืคื–ื• ืฆ'ื™ืœื™ืื ื™ ื‘ื”ื™ืฉื’ ื™ื“ ื›ื“ื™ ืœืฉืœื ืื’ืจื•ืช ืชื›ื•ืคื•ืช.

ืกื˜ื˜ื™ืกื˜ื™ืงืช ืชืื•ื ื•ืช

ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ืจืฉืžื” 1,955 ืžืงืจื™ ืžื•ื•ืช ื‘ื“ืจื›ื™ื ื‘-2018, ืขืœื™ื™ื” ืฉืœ 1.6% ื‘ื”ืฉื•ื•ืื” ืœืžืกืคืจ ื”ื”ืจื•ื’ื™ื ื”ื ืžื•ืš ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘-2017. ื”ื•ืœื›ื™ ื”ืจื’ืœ ืžืžืฉื™ื›ื™ื ืœื”ื•ื•ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ ืž-36% ืžืชืื•ื ื•ืช ื”ื“ืจื›ื™ื ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”. ืขื ื–ืืช, ืžืฉืจื“ ื”ืชื—ื‘ื•ืจื” ื•ื”ื˜ืœืงื•ืžื•ื ื™ืงืฆื™ื” ื”ื›ืจื™ื– ืขืœ ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื•ืช ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช ื‘ื“ืจื›ื™ื, ืืฉืจ ื™ืงื‘ืขื• ื™ืขื“ ืฉืœ 30% ืคื—ื•ืช ื”ืจื•ื’ื™ื ืฉื ืชื™ื™ื ื‘ื›ื‘ื™ืฉื™ื ืขื“ ืฉื ืช 2030, ืืฉืจ ื™ื•ืฉื•ื• ืœืžืกืคืจ ื”ื ืคื’ืขื™ื ื”ืžืžื•ืฆืข ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืฉื ื™ื 2011-2019.

ื›ืœื™ ืจื›ื‘ ื ืคื•ืฆื™ื

ืœืื—ืจ ืืจื‘ืขื” ื—ื•ื“ืฉื™ื ืจืฆื•ืคื™ื, ืจืฉื•ื ื”ืคืกื“ ืžืขืœ 45%, ื ืžื›ืจื• ืžืื– ืกืคื˜ืžื‘ืจ 31.84 ื™ื—ื™ื“ื•ืช, ื”ืžื“ื•ื•ื—ื•ืช ืขืœ ื”ืคืกื“ ืฉืœ 5.7% ืžืžื›ื™ืจื•ืช ืฉืœ 164.99 (42.7%). ืœืžืจื•ืช ื–ืืช, ืฉื‘ืจื•ืœื˜ ื”ืฆืœื™ื—ื” ืžืขื˜ ื˜ื•ื‘ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžื”ืฉื•ืง, ื‘ืขื•ื“ ื”ืžืชื—ืจื” ืฉืœื” ืกื•ื–ื•ืงื™ ืฆืžื—ื” ื‘-27.3%. ื‘ื™ื ืชื™ื™ื, ืžื•ืจื™ืก ืžื•ืกื›ื™ื (MG) ื“ื™ื•ื•ื—ื• ืขืœ ื”ื‘ื™ืฆื•ืขื™ื ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘-10 ื”ืžื•ื‘ื™ืœื™ื, ืขื ืขืœื™ื™ื” ืื“ื™ืจื” ืฉืœ 45.6% ื‘ืžื›ื™ืจื•ืช.

ื›ื‘ื™ืฉื™ ืื’ืจื”

ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ื™ืฉ ื’ื ื›ื‘ื™ืฉื™ ืื’ืจื” ืจื‘ื™ื, ื”ืกื™ื‘ื” ืฉื‘ื’ืœืœื” ืืคืฉืจ ืœืฆืคื•ืช ืฉื”ืชื ืื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ื›ื‘ื™ืฉื™ื ื”ืจืืฉื™ื™ื ืฉื ืกืœื•ืœื™ื ื‘ืชื ืื™ื ื˜ื•ื‘ื™ื. ื‘ื”ืชืื ืœืžืกืœื•ืœ ืฉืœืš, ืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื”ืชื›ื•ื ืŸ ื›ื“ื™ ืœืงื‘ืœ ืžื–ื•ืžืŸ ืžื•ื›ืŸ ืœืชืฉืœื•ื ื‘ืื’ืจื•ืช. ืžื—ื•ืฅ ืœืกื ื˜ื™ืื’ื•, ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ืžื–ื•ืžืŸ ื‘ื”ื™ืฉื’ ื™ื“ ืœืชืฉืœื•ื ื‘ื›ื‘ื™ืฉื™ ื”ืื’ืจื” ืฉืœื”, ืืš ื‘ืกื ื˜ื™ืื’ื• ื™ืฉ ืœืฉืœื ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ืื’ืจื•ืช ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช TAG. ื–ื”ื• ืžื›ืฉื™ืจ ืืœืงื˜ืจื•ื ื™ ื”ืžืฉืžืฉ ืœืชืฉืœื•ื ื”ืื’ืจื”.

ืžืฆื‘ ื”ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ

ื›ื‘ื™ืฉื™ื ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืงืฉื™ื; ืื ื–ื• ื ืกื™ืขื” ืžืฆืคื•ืŸ ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ืœื“ืจื•ื ืื• ืœื–ื’ื–ื’ ืžืขื‘ืจ ืœื’ื‘ื•ืœ ืขื ืืจื’ื ื˜ื™ื ื”, ื”ืืคืฉืจื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ืŸ ืื™ื ืกื•ืคื™ื•ืช ื•ืชืœื•ื™ื• ื‘ืชื•ื›ื ื™ื•ืช ื”ื ืกื™ืขื” ืฉืœืš. ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ, ืชื™ืกืขื• ื‘ื“ืจื›ื™ื ื˜ื•ื‘ื•ืช ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”, ืื‘ืœ ื—ืœืง ืžื”ืจื—ื•ื‘ื•ืช ื‘ื—ืœืง ื”ื“ืจื•ืžื™ ืฉืœ ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื” ื ืžืฆืื™ื ื‘ืชื”ืœื™ืš ืกืœื™ืœื”, ืื•ืชื ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœืจืื•ืช ื›ืœ 5 ืง"ืž ืขื ืกืžื ื™ ืžืจื—ืง ืขืœ ื”-Pan-Americana ื•- ื”ืงืจื˜ืจื” ืื•ืกื˜ืจืœ.

ืื•ืœื™ ืชื•ืคืชืขื• ื’ื ืžืžืกืคืจ ื“ืจื›ื™ ื”ื—ืฆืฅ ื•ื”ืขืคืจ ืฉืฆืฆื•ืช ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ื‘ืœืชื™ ืฆืคื•ื™ ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”. ื”ื ืื™ื ื ืžื•ืฆื’ื™ื ื‘ืžืคื•ืช, ื•ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ืกืœื™ืœืช ื›ื‘ื™ืฉื™ื ืขืœื•ืœื” ืœื”ืื˜ ืื•ืชืš ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืžืฉืžืขื•ืชื™ ื•ืœื’ืจื•ื ืœื ืกื™ืขื” ืฉืœืš ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื‘ื•ืฆื™ืช ื•ื’ื‘ืฉื•ืฉื™ืช.

ืชืจื‘ื•ืช ื ื”ื™ื’ื”

ื ื”ื’ื™ื ืฆ'ื™ืœื™ืื ื™ื ืžืื•ืคื™ื™ื ื™ื ืœืขืชื™ื ื›ืจื’ืฉื ื™ื™ื ื•ืงืฆืจื™ ืจื•ื—. ื”ื™ื™ืชื ืจื•ืื™ื ืฉื—ืœืงื ืœื ืžืื•ืชืชื™ื ืขืœ ื”ื—ืœืคืช ื ืชื™ื‘, ื—ื•ืจื’ื™ื ืžื”ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช ื”ืžื•ืชืจืช ื•ืœื ืฉื•ืžืจื™ื ืขืœ ืžืจื—ืงื™ื ื‘ื˜ื•ื—ื™ื, ืื‘ืœ ืจื•ื‘ ื”ื ื”ื’ื™ื ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื ื ื•ืชื ื™ื ื–ื” ืœื–ื” ืื™ืชื•ืชื™ื ืกืคืฆื™ืคื™ื™ื ื‘ื™ื“ื™ื”ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœืขื–ื•ืจ ื–ื” ืœื–ื” ื‘ืขืช ืชืžืจื•ืŸ ื‘ื–ืจื™ืžืช ื”ืžื›ื•ื ื™ื•ืช.

ื˜ื™ืคื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื

ื›ื“ื™ ืœื ืœื”ืชื‘ืœื‘ืœ, ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ื’ื ืœื“ืขืช ืืช ืกื•ื’ ื™ื—ื™ื“ืช ื”ืžื“ื™ื“ื” ื”ืžืฉืžืฉืช ืœืžื“ื™ื“ืช ื”ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”.

ื”ืื ื”ื ืžืฉืชืžืฉื™ื ื‘-Kph ืื• Mph?

ื™ืฉื ื ืฉื ื™ ืกื•ื’ื™ื ืฉืœ ื™ื—ื™ื“ื•ืช ืžื“ื™ื“ื” ื‘ืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ืžื˜ืจื™ืช: Mph (ืžื™ื™ืœ ืœืฉืขื”) ื•-Kph (ืงื™ืœื•ืžื˜ืจื™ื ืœืฉืขื”) ื”ืžืฉืžืฉื™ื ืžื“ื™ื ื•ืช ืฉื•ื ื•ืช ื‘ืจื—ื‘ื™ ื”ืขื•ืœื. ื•ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ื”ื™ื ื—ืœืง ืž-179 ืžืชื•ืš 196 ืžื“ื™ื ื•ืช ืฉืžืฉืชืžืฉื•ืช ื‘-Kph ื›ืžื“ื™ื“ื•ืช ื”ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช ืฉืœื”ืŸ. ืœืขื•ืžืช ื–ืืช, ืฉืืจ 17 (9%) ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื•ืช ืžืฉืชืžืฉื•ืช ื‘-Mph.

ื”ืื ื–ื” ื‘ื˜ื•ื— ืœื ื”ื•ื’ ื‘ืœื™ืœื” ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”?

ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ืœื™ืœื” ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ืชื”ื™ื” ืชืœื•ื™ื” ืœืืŸ ืืชื” ื ื•ืกืข ื•ื›ืžื” ืจื—ื•ืง ื™ื”ื™ื” ื”ื™ืขื“ ืฉืœืš. ืื ืืชื ื ื•ื”ื’ื™ื ื‘ืกื ื˜ื™ืื’ื•, ื–ื• ืชื”ื™ื” ื‘ื—ื™ืจื” ื‘ื˜ื•ื—ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืืฉืจ ืœื ืกื•ืข ื‘ืชื—ื‘ื•ืจื” ืฆื™ื‘ื•ืจื™ืช, ืื‘ืœ ืื ืืชื ืžืชื›ื ื ื™ื ืœืฆืืช ืœื˜ื™ื•ืœ ื‘ืœื™ืœื”, ืžื•ืžืœืฅ ืžืื•ื“ ืœื”ื™ืžื ืข ืžื ืกื™ืขื” ืœื™ืœื™ืช. ืžื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ืฉื‘ืื–ื•ืจื™ื ื›ืคืจื™ื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื ื ื•ื˜ื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืขืจืคืœ ื›ื‘ื“, ื”ื“ื‘ืจ ืขืœื•ืœ ืœื”ื•ื‘ื™ืœ ืœืชืื•ื ื•ืช ื“ืจื›ื™ื.

ืœืื™ืœื• ื™ืขื“ื™ื ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœื ืกื•ืข ืžืฆืคื•ืŸ ืœื“ืจื•ื ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”?

ืื ืืชื” ืจื•ืฆื” ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืืช ื”ื˜ื™ื•ืœ ืฉืœ ื—ื™ื™ืš, ื ืกื™ืขื” ืžืฆืคื•ืŸ ืœื“ืจื•ื ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ืขืฉื•ื™ื” ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื‘ื“ื™ื•ืง ื”ื ืกื™ืขื” ื‘ืฉื‘ื™ืœืš. ืื ืชืชื›ื ืŸ ื›ืœ ืชื—ื ืช ืžื ื•ื—ื” ื•ื™ืขื“ ื‘ื“ืจื›ืš ืœื—ืœืง ื”ื“ืจื•ืžื™ ืฉืœ ืฆ'ื™ืœื”, ื–ื” ืขืฉื•ื™ ืœืงื—ืช ืœืš ืœืคื—ื•ืช ื—ื•ื“ืฉ, ืชืœื•ื™ ื›ืžื” ื–ืžืŸ ืชืฉื”ื• ื‘ื›ืœ ื™ืขื“.

ืื‘ืœ ืื ืื™ื ืš ื‘ื˜ื•ื— ืœืืŸ ืœืœื›ืช ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ื˜ื™ื•ืœ ืฉืœืš, ื”ื ื” ื›ืžื” ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ืฉืื•ืœื™ ืชืื”ื‘: ืคื˜ื’ื•ื ื™ื”, ืžื“ื‘ืจ ืื˜ืงืžื”, ืงืœืžื”, ืืงื•ืงืืžืค, ืื–ื•ืจ ื”ืื’ืžื™ื, ืคื•ืืจื˜ื• ืžื•ื ื˜, ืคื•ืืจื˜ื• ื•ืืจืืก, ืคื•ื ื˜ื” ืืจื ืก, ืกื ื˜ื™ืื’ื• ื•ื˜ื•ืจืก ื“ืœ ืคื™ื™ื ื” .

ื›ืžื” ื–ืžืŸ ื™ื™ืงื— ืœื ืกื•ืข ืœื‘ื•ืœื™ื‘ื™ื” ืžืฆ'ื™ืœื”?

ืื ืชืจืฆื• ืœื ืกื•ืข ืžืฆ'ื™ืœื” ืœื‘ื•ืœื™ื‘ื™ื”, ื–ื” ื™ื™ืงื— ืœื›ื ื›-31 ืฉืขื•ืช ื‘-2481 ืง"ืž. ื–ื” ื™ื”ื™ื” ืชืœื•ื™ ื‘ืขืฆื™ืจื•ืช ื”ื‘ื•ืจ ืฉืœื›ื ื•ืื ืชื›ื ื ืชื ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ืชื™ื™ืจื•ืชื™ื™ื ื‘ื“ืจืš. ื—ืœืง ืžื”ืžื˜ื™ื™ืœื™ื ืฉืชื›ื ื ื• ืืช ื˜ื™ื•ืœ ื”ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ ืฉืœื”ื ื™ื™ืงื— ืฉื‘ื•ืข ืœืคื ื™ ืฉื”ื ืžื’ื™ืขื™ื ืœื‘ื•ืœื™ื‘ื™ื”.

ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ืœืขืฉื•ืช ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”

ืžืกืฆื ื•ืช ื”ืชืจื‘ื•ืช ื”ืขืฉื™ืจื•ืช ืฉืœ ืกื ื˜ื™ืื’ื• ื•ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ืœ-Valparaiso, ื”ืืžื ื•ืช ื”ืžืจืชืงืช ืฉืœ ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ืœืฉืžืžื” ื‘ืคื˜ื’ื•ื ื™ื”, ื•ื™ืฆื™ืจื•ืช ืžื•ืคืช ื˜ื‘ืขื™ื•ืช ืžืจืฉื™ืžื•ืช ื›ืžื• ืื ื“ืจื˜ืช ื”ื˜ื‘ืข ืœื•ืก ืคื™ื ื’ื•ื•ื™ื ื•ืก, ื™ืฉ ืžื’ื•ื•ืŸ ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ืœืขืฉื•ืช ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”. ืื ืืชื” ืžืขื“ื™ืฃ ืœื”ื™ืฉืืจ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžื”ืชื•ื›ื ื™ืช ื”ืžืงื•ืจื™ืช ืฉืœืš, ื™ืฉ ืœืงื—ืช ื‘ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ื›ืžื” ื“ื‘ืจื™ื, ื›ืžื• ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ืฆ'ื™ืœื™ืื ื™, ืฉื›ื™ืจืช ืžืงื•ื ืœื™ื ื” ื•ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ืื ืืชื” ืžืขื“ื™ืฃ ืœื”ื™ืฉืืจ ืœืชืžื™ื“.

ืกืข ื‘ืชื•ืจ ืชื™ื™ืจ

ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื›ืชื™ื™ืจ ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื—ื•ื•ื™ื” ืคื ื˜ืกื˜ื™ืช ืฉืชื•ื›ืœ ืœืขืฉื•ืช ื›ืืŸ. ืจืง ื•ื“ื ืฉื™ืฉ ืœืš ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ื“ืจื™ืฉื•ืช ื”ื“ืจื•ืฉื•ืช ื›ืžื• ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืฉืœืš, ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ืžืงื•ืžื™ ื•ื“ืจื›ื•ืŸ. ืขื ื›ืœ ืืœื”, ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื™ื”ื ื•ืช ืžื”ื—ื•ืคืฉ ืฉืœ ืฆื•ืจืš ืœืœื›ืช ืœื›ืœ ืžืงื•ื ืฉืชืจืฆื” ื‘ื›ืœ ืขืช ืฉืชืจืฆื”.

ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ื›ื ื”ื’

ื›ื“ื™ ืœืขื‘ื•ื“ ื›ื ื”ื’ ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”, ืขืœื™ืš ืœืงื‘ืœ ืชื—ื™ืœื” ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ืฆ'ื™ืœื™ืื ื™ ื•ืืฉืจืช ืขื‘ื•ื“ื”. ื”ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ื”ื ืคื•ืฆื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœืžืฆื™ืืช ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ื‘ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื”ื ืกื ื˜ื™ืื’ื•, ืคื•ืื ื˜ื” ืืœื˜ื•, ืื ื˜ื•ืคื’ืืกื˜ื”, ื•ื™ื ื” ื“ืœ ืžืืจ, ื•ืœืคืืจืื™ืกื•, ื˜ืœืงื”ื•ืื ื•, ืกืŸ ื‘ืจื ืจื“ื• ื•ื˜ืžื•ืงื•. ื•ื”ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ื”ื ืคื•ืฆื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืงื‘ืœ ื”ื™ื ื ื”ื’ ืžืฉืื™ืช ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ืขื ืžืฉื›ื•ืจืช ืžืžื•ืฆืขืช ืฉืœ 730,000 CLP (ืคืกื• ืฆ'ื™ืœื™ืื ื™) ืœื—ื•ื“ืฉ, ืฉื”ื ื‘ืขืจืš 962.68 ื“ื•ืœืจ ืืžืจื™ืงืื™.

ื›ื ื”ื’ ืžืฉืื™ืช, ื”ืฉื›ืจ ืฉืœืš ืžื‘ื•ืกืก ืœืคืขืžื™ื ืขืœ ืžืฉืš ื˜ื•ื•ื— ื”ื ืกื™ืขื” ืฉืœืš ื‘ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื•ืช ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ื•ืขื“ ื›ืžื” ื”ื•ื ืžืกื•ื›ืŸ. ืื ืืชื” ื ื•ืกืข ืž-Valparaiso, ืฆ'ื™ืœื”, ืœืืจื’ื ื˜ื™ื ื”, ืืชื” ืชื”ื™ื” ื—ืœืง ืžื”ืขื•ื‘ื“ื™ื ืฉืžืจื•ื•ื™ื—ื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืฉื•ื•ื™ ื”ืฉื›ืจ ื”ืžืžื•ืฆืข.

ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ื›ืžื“ืจื™ืš ื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื

ืื ื ื”ื ื™ืชื ืžื”ืกื™ื•ืจ ืฉืœื›ื ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ื•ื”ื™ื™ืชื ืจื•ืฆื™ื ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืื•ืชื• ื›ืขื™ืกื•ืง ืฉืœื›ื, ืื– ื”ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ื›ืžื“ืจื™ืš ื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื ื‘ืžื“ื™ื ื” ืชื”ื™ื” ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืขื‘ื•ืจื›ื! ืื‘ืœ, ื”ื‘ื™ื ื• ืฉืœืคื ื™ ืฉืืชื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœืขื‘ื•ื“ ืฉื, ื™ืฉ ืœื”ื•ืฆื™ื ืชื—ื™ืœื” ื•ื™ื–ืช ืขื‘ื•ื“ื”. ืœืื—ืจ ื”ื’ืฉืช ืžื•ืขืžื“ื•ืช ืœืขื‘ื•ื“ื”, ื”ื’ืฉ ื™ืฉื™ืจื•ืช ืœืงื‘ืœืช ืืฉืจืช ืขื‘ื•ื“ื”. ื•ื™ื–ื” ื–ื• ืชื—ื•ืœ ืจืง ืขืœ ื”ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ื”ื ื•ื›ื—ื™ืช ืฉืœืš. ืื ืืชื ืžืชื›ื ื ื™ื ืœื”ื—ืœื™ืฃ ืžืงื•ื ืขื‘ื•ื“ื”, ืขืœื™ื›ื ืœื”ื’ื™ืฉ ื‘ืงืฉื” ืœืฉื™ื ื•ื™ ื‘ืืฉืจืช ืขื‘ื•ื“ื”.

ื™ืฉื ื ืกื•ื’ื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื ืฉืœ ื•ื™ื–ืช ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ืฉืชื•ื›ืœ ืœื”ื’ื™ืฉ ืœื”ืŸ ื›ืืŸ ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”:

  • ืืฉืจืช ืคืจื™ืฉื” ื•ื”ื›ื ืกื” ืชืงื•ืคืชื™ืช: ื•ื™ื–ื” ื–ื• ืžื™ื•ืขื“ืช ืœื›ืœ ืžื™ ืฉืจื•ืฆื” ืœื’ื•ืจ ื•ืœืขื‘ื•ื“ ื‘ืืจืฅ. ื–ื•ื”ื™ ื’ื ื”ื•ื™ื–ื” ื”ื ืคื•ืฆื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”.
  • ื•ื™ื–ื” ืžืงืฆื•ืขื™ืช: ื•ื™ื–ื” ื–ื• ืžื™ื•ืขื“ืช ืœื›ืœ ืžื™ ืฉื™ืฉ ืœื• ืชื•ืืจ ืžืงืฆื•ืขื™ ื•ื™ืฉ ืœื• ืžืกืคื™ืง ื”ื›ื ืกื” ื›ื“ื™ ืœืคืจื ืก ืืช ืขืฆืžื• ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”
  • ืืฉืจืช ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ื‘ื—ื•ื–ื”: ื›ื“ื™ ืœืงื‘ืœ ื•ื™ื–ื” ื–ื•, ืขืœื™ืš ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืขืœ ื—ื•ื–ื” ืขื ืžืขืกื™ืง ืฆ'ื™ืœื™ืื ื™. ืืชื” ื–ืงื•ืง ืœืฉื ืชื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ืชื•ืฉื‘ื•ืช ืืจืขื™ืช ื‘ืžืกื’ืจืช ื•ื™ื–ื” ื–ื• ืœืคื ื™ ืฉืชื•ื›ืœ ืœื”ื’ื™ืฉ ื‘ืงืฉื” ืœืžื’ื•ืจื™ ืงื‘ืข.
  • ืืฉืจืช ืขื•ื‘ื“ ืขืฆืžืื™: ื›ืœ ืžื™ ืฉื™ืฉ ืœื• ื•ื™ื–ื” ื–ื• ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืขื‘ื•ื“ ืืฆืœ ืžืขืกื™ืงื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื ื•ืžืืคืฉืจ ืœื”ื ืœืงื‘ืœ ืืช ืชื•ืฉื‘ื•ืช ื”ืงื‘ืข ืฉืœื• ืžื”ืจ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืืฉืจ ืืฉืจืช ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ื‘ื—ื•ื–ื”

ื”ื’ืฉ ื‘ืงืฉื” ืœืชื•ืฉื‘ื•ืช

ืื ื”ืชืื”ื‘ืช ื‘ืžื“ื™ื ื” ื”ื–ื• ื•ืจื•ืฆื” ืœื”ื™ืฉืืจ ืœืฆืžื™ืชื•ืช, ืชื•ื›ืœ ืœื”ื’ื™ืฉ ื‘ืงืฉื” ืœืชื•ืฉื‘ื•ืช ืงื‘ืข. ืื‘ืœ ื™ืฉ ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ืฉื›ื“ืื™ ืœืงื—ืช ื‘ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ืœืคื ื™ ืฉืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื’ื™ืฉ ื‘ืงืฉื”. ืืชื” ื—ื™ื™ื‘ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืขืœ ืืฉืจืช ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” "ื‘ื›ืคื•ืฃ ืœื—ื•ื–ื”" ืœืžืฉืš ืฉื ืชื™ื™ื, ืืฉืจืช ืชื•ืฉื‘ ืืจืขื™ ืœืžืฉืš ืฉื ื” ืื• ื•ื™ื–ืช ืกื˜ื•ื“ื ื˜ ืœืฉื ืชื™ื™ื, ื‘ื”ืชื—ืฉื‘ ื‘ื›ืš ืฉืกื™ื™ืžืช ืืช ืœื™ืžื•ื“ื™ืš ื”ืžืงืฆื•ืขื™ื™ื ืื• ื”ืชื™ื›ื•ื ื™ื™ื.

ื’ื ืœื”ื™ืฉืืจ ื‘ืืจืฅ ื•ืœื ืœืฆืืช ืžืžื ื” ืœื—ืฆื™ ืฉื ื” ื–ื• ื—ื•ื‘ื”. ืื ื™ืฉ ืœืš ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ืชื ืื™ื ื”ืžื•ืงื“ืžื™ื ื”ืืœื”, ื”ื’ืฉ ื‘ืงืฉื” ืœืชื•ืฉื‘ื•ืช ืงื‘ืข ืชื•ืš 90 ื™ื•ื ืœืคื ื™ ืคืงื™ืขืช ื”ืชื•ืงืฃ ืฉืœ ื”ื•ื™ื–ื” ื”ื–ืžื ื™ืช ืฉืœืš.

ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื ืœืขืฉื•ืช

ื™ืฉ ื’ื ืืคืฉืจื•ื™ื•ืช ืื ืื™ืŸ ืœืš ืชื•ื›ื ื™ื•ืช ืœื”ื™ืฉืืจ ืœืฆืžื™ืชื•ืช ืื• ืœืขื‘ื•ื“ ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”. ืื ืืชื” ืจื•ืฆื” ืœื”ื™ืฉืืจ ืฉื ื•ืœื™ื”ื ื•ืช ืžื”ืžื“ื™ื ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžื”ืžืฉืš ื”ืžื•ืชืจ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ื•ื”ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ ืฉืœืš, ื”ื ื” ืžื” ืฉืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืขืฉื•ืช:

ืžื”ืŸ ื”ื“ืจื™ืฉื•ืช ื”ืงืฉื•ืจื•ืช ืœื ื”ื™ื’ื” ืœืฉื”ื™ื™ื” ืœื˜ื•ื•ื— ืืจื•ืš?

ืื– ื”ื—ืœื˜ืชื ืœื”ื™ืฉืืจ ื–ืžืŸ ืจื‘ ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืžื“ื™ื ื”, ื•ื‘ื›ืŸ, ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ืฆ'ื™ืœื™ืื ื™ ื”ื•ื ื“ืจื™ืฉื” ืื—ืช ืœืื—ืจ ืชื•ื ืชื•ืงืฃ ื”ื•ื™ื–ื” ืฉืœื›ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœื ื”ื•ื’ ื›ื—ื•ืง ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”. ื›ื“ื™ ืฉืชื•ื›ืœ ืœื”ื’ื™ืฉ ื‘ืงืฉื” ืœืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”, ืชืฆื˜ืจืš ืœืืกื•ืฃ ืืช ื”ื‘ืงืฉื” ื•ืœื”ื’ื™ืฉ ืื•ืชื” ื‘ืžื—ืœืงืช ื›ืœื™ ื”ืจื›ื‘ ืฉืœ ื”ื‘ื ื™ื™ืŸ ื”ืขื™ืจื•ื ื™ ื‘ืžื—ื•ื– ื”ื‘ื™ืช ืฉืœืš, ื•ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื›ืฉื™ืจ ืœืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ืขืœื™ืš:

  • ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืŸ 18 ืœืคื—ื•ืช
  • ื™ืฉ ืชืขื•ื“ืช ื–ื™ื”ื•ื™ ืฆ'ื™ืœื™ืื ื™ืช
  • ื™ืฉ ืจื™ืฉื•ื ื‘ื™ืช ืกืคืจ ืฉืžืจืื” ืฉืกื™ื™ืžืช ืœืคื—ื•ืช ื›ื™ืชื” ื—' ื•ืžืขืœื”. ืื ืืชื” ืžืืจื”"ื‘, ื”ืžืกืžื›ื™ื ืฉืœืš ื—ื™ื™ื‘ื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžืื•ืžืชื™ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืงื•ื ืกื•ืœ ืฆ'ื™ืœื™ืื ื™ ื‘ืืจื”"ื‘. ืคืงื™ื“ื™ื ืงื•ื ืกื•ืœืจื™ื™ื ื‘ืืจื”"ื‘ ืื™ื ื ืจืฉืื™ื ืœืืžืช ืžืกืžื›ื™ื ืฉื”ื•ื ืคืงื• ื‘ืืจื”"ื‘ ืฉื™ืฉืžืฉื• ื‘ืžื“ื™ื ื” ืื—ืจืช.
  • ืœืขื‘ื•ืจ ืืช ืžื‘ื—ืŸ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื”ื›ืชื•ื‘ ื•ื”ืžืขืฉื™ ื•ื›ืŸ ืžื‘ื—ืŸ ืจืคื•ืื™. ื”ืžื‘ื—ืŸ ื”ื›ืชื•ื‘ ื ื™ืชืŸ ื‘ืื ื’ืœื™ืช ืื• ื‘ืกืคืจื“ื™ืช, ื‘ื”ืชืื ืœื˜ืขืžื›ื, ืืš ื”ื‘ื—ื™ื ื” ื”ืžืขืฉื™ืช ืชื”ื™ื” ืกืคืจื“ื™ืช.

ื”ื™ืขื“ื™ื ื”ืžื•ื‘ื™ืœื™ื ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”

ืœืžื“ื™ื ื” ื”ืคื˜ื’ื•ื ื™ืช ื”ื–ื• ื™ืฉ ืฉื˜ื™ื— ืขืฉื™ืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืจื™ื ื•ืžื™ืฉื•ืจื™ื, ื’'ื•ื ื’ืœ ื•ืื•ืงื™ื™ื ื•ืก. ืฆื•ืจืชื” ื”ืืจื•ื›ื” ื•ื”ื—ืจื™ื’ื” ืฉืœ ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื” ื”ืขื ื™ืงื” ืœื” ืืงืœื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื ืขื ืื—ื“ ื”ืžื“ื‘ืจื™ื•ืช ื”ื™ื‘ืฉื™ื ื‘ืขื•ืœื ื‘ืฆืคื•ืŸ, ื•ืžื–ื’ ืื•ื•ื™ืจ ืงืจ ื‘ืงืฆื” ื”ื“ืจื•ืžื™ ืฉืœื”, ื‘ื™ืชื ืฉืœ ื™ืฆื•ืจื™ื ื›ืžื• ืคื™ื ื’ื•ื•ื™ื ื™ื. ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ื”ื™ื ืื—ืช ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื•ืช ื”ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœืื ื˜ืืจืงื˜ื™ืงื”, ื™ื—ื“ ืขื ืืจื’ื ื˜ื™ื ื” ื•ื ื™ื• ื–ื™ืœื ื“

ืœื“ืจื•ื ื™ืฉ ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ื—ื–ืงื” ืฉืœ ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ืฉืœ ื—ื•ืงืจื™ื, ืฉื›ืŸ ื›ื•ืœื ื”ืคืœื™ื’ื• ืžืกื‘ื™ื‘ ืœืขื•ืœื ืขื•ื‘ืจื™ื ืืช ืงืฆื” ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื” ืœืคื ื™ ืฉื ื‘ื ืชื” ืชืขืœืช ืคื ืžื”. ื™ืฉ ื‘ื” ื’ื ืื–ื•ืจ ื™ื™ืŸ ื™ื“ื•ืข ืฉืžื•ืฉืš ืืœื™ื• ืžื‘ื™ื ื™ ื™ื™ื ื•ืช ืจื‘ื™ื ื›ืœ ื”ืฉื ื”.

ืื™ ื”ืคืกื—ื

ืื™ ื”ืคืกื—ื

ืœืžืจื•ืช ืฉืžื‘ื—ื™ื ื” ื˜ื›ื ื™ืช ื”ืื™ ืฉื™ื™ืš ืœืื•ืžื” ืฉืœ ืฆ'ื™ืœื”, ืื™ ื”ืคืกื—ื ืžืžื•ืงื ื‘ืœื‘ ื”ืื•ืงื™ื™ื ื•ืก ื”ืฉืงื˜. ื–ื” ื ืงืจื ื‘ืชื—ื™ืœื” Te Pito O Te Henua, ื›ืœื•ืžืจ ื˜ื‘ื•ืจ ื”ืขื•ืœื. ื–ื”ื• ืื™ ืฉื”ื•ื ืื—ื“ ื”ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ื”ื ื™ื“ื—ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืขื•ืœื.

ืขื ื–ืืช, ืื™ ื”ืคืกื—ื ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืžื•ืฉืš ื”ืจื‘ื” ืขื ื™ื™ืŸ ื•ืื™ื ืกืคื•ืจ ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ืžื“ื™ ืฉื ื” ืœืžืจื•ืช ืžื™ืงื•ืžื•, ื•ื”ืคืกืœื™ื ื”ืื™ื™ืงื•ื ื™ื™ื ื”ื ืงืจืื™ื ืžื•ืื™ ื”ื ืžื” ืฉื”ืื™ ื™ื“ื•ืข ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ื‘ื–ื›ื•ืชื. ืœืžืจื‘ื” ื”ืฆืขืจ, ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืœืื™ ื”ืคืกื—ื, ื˜ื™ืกื” ื”ื™ื ื”ืืคืฉืจื•ืช ื”ื™ื—ื™ื“ื”. ืชืชื—ื™ืœื• ื‘ื‘ื™ืจืช ืฆ'ื™ืœื”, ืกื ื˜ื™ืื’ื•, ื•ืžืฉื ืชืฆืื• ื‘ื˜ื™ืกื” ืžืงื•ืžื™ืช ืฉืชื™ืงื— ืืชื›ื ืœืื™. ืฉื™ืžื• ืœื‘ ืฉื™ืฉ ืจืง ื˜ื™ืกื” ืื—ืช ืœืื™ ื”ืคืกื—ื ืžื“ื™ ื™ื•ื, ืื– ื”ืงืคื™ื“ื• ืœืชื›ื ืŸ ืืช ื”ื˜ื™ื•ืœ ื‘ื—ื•ื›ืžื”.

ื”ื•ืจืื•ืช ื ืกื™ืขื”:

  1. ืžืฉื“ื” ื”ืชืขื•ืคื” Mataveri, ืกืขื• ืฆืคื•ื ื” ืขืœ Estacionamiento Aeropuerto ืœื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ Acceso Aeropuerto.
  2. ืคื ื” ื™ืžื™ื ื” ืืœ Hotu Matu'a ืœืื—ืจ 55 ืž'.
  3. Hotu Matu'a ืคื•ื ื” ืงืœื•ืช ืฉืžืืœื” ื•ื”ื•ืคืš ืœ-Camino Vaitea Anakena ืœืื—ืจ 1.2 ืง"ืž.
  4. ืชื•ืš 9.5 ืง"ืž ืชื’ื™ืข ืœื™ืขื“ ืฉืœืš.
ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ืœืขืฉื•ืช

ื™ืฉ ื”ืจื‘ื” ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ืฉืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืขืฉื•ืช ื‘ืื™ ื”ืคืกื—ื ื”ืžืคื•ืจืกื ื•ืœื‘ืœื•ืช ื›ืืŸ ื™ื•ื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืืคืฉืจ ืœืš ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ื”ืืœื”:

1. ืกื™ื•ืจ ื‘ืื™ ื”ืžืคื•ืจืกื

ืื™ ื”ืคืกื—ื ื”ืคืš ืœืื—ื“ ืž-10 ื”ืื™ื™ื ื”ืžืคื•ืจืกืžื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ 2013. ื–ื”ื• ืžืงื•ื ืžื•ืฉืœื ืœื”ื™ืคื’ืฉ ืขื ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื”, ื˜ื‘ืข, ืžืกืชื•ืจื™ืŸ, ืจื’ื™ืขื”, ื•ื”ืื ืฉื™ื ื”ื ืคืœืื™ื ืฉืขื•ื–ืจื™ื ืœืฉืžืจ ืืช ื”ืžืกื•ืจื•ืช, ื”ืžื•ื–ื™ืงื”, ื”ืฉืคื”, ื”ืจื™ืงื•ื“ ื•ื”ืื•ื›ืœ ืฉืœื”ื ื•ืžื•ื›ื ื™ื ืœืงื‘ืœ ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ื‘ื–ืจื•ืขื•ืช ืคืชื•ื—ื•ืช. ืžืขื‘ืจ ืœืคืกืœื™ื ืฉืœ ืžื•ืื™, ื™ืฉื ื ื’ื ืžื™ืชื•ืกื™ื ื”ืกื•ื‘ื‘ื™ื ืกื‘ื™ื‘ ื”ืžืขืจื•ืช ื”ืžืฉืคื—ืชื™ื•ืช ื”ื ืฉืžืจื•ืช ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืืœื™ื ื‘ืฉื ืืงื•-ืืงื•, ืฉื‘ื”ืŸ ืขื‘ื•ื“ื•ืช ื™ื“ ืžืงื•ืžื™ื•ืช ืžืื‘ืŸ, ืขื•ื“

2. ืจืื” ืืช ื”ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ื”ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืœื•ื’ื™ ืกื‘ืกื˜ื™ืืŸ ืื ื’ืœืจื˜

ื”ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ื”ื•ื ืื—ืช ื”ืื˜ืจืงืฆื™ื•ืช ื”ืžื•ื‘ื™ืœื•ืช ืฉืœ Hanga Roa (ื”ืขื™ืจ ื”ืžืจื›ื–ื™ืช ื‘ืื™), ืฉื ื”ื•ื ืžืฆื™ื’ ืืช ื”ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ืฉืœ ืื™ ื”ืคืกื—ื, ื•ืžืกื‘ื™ืจ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืขืœ ื”ืชืจื‘ื•ืช. ื”ื•ื ืžืฆื™ื’ ื—ืคืฆื™ื ื›ืžื• ื”ืขืชืงื™ื ืฉืœ ื˜ื‘ืœื™ื•ืช Rongo-Rongo . ืœื•ื—ื•ืช ืืœื” ืžื›ื•ืกื™ื ื‘ืชืขืœื•ืžื” ืฉื‘ื” ืœื ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืคืขื ื— ืืช ื”ื”ื™ืจื•ื’ืœื™ืคื™ื ื”ื›ืชื•ื‘ื™ื, ืืš ื”ื ื ื–ืงืคื™ื ืœื–ื›ื•ืช ืื ืฉื™ Hotu Matua.

3. ื—ืงื•ืจ ืืช ืจืื ื• ืงืื• ื•ืื•ืจื•ื’ื•

ืฉื ื™ื™ื ืžื”ืืชืจื™ื ื”ื—ืฉื•ื‘ื™ื ื‘ืื™ ื”ืคืกื—ื ื”ื ืจืื ื• ืงืื• ื•ืื•ืจื•ื ื’ื•. ืจืื ื• ืงืื• ื”ื•ื ืžื›ืชืฉ ื’ืขืฉื™ ืžื•ื’ืŸ ืฉื‘ื• ื”ื™ื” ืคืขื ืžืจื—ื‘ ื˜ืงืกื™ ืงื“ื•ืฉ, ืขื ืžืจื›ื– ืฉืœ ืื’ื ืžื™ื ืžืชื•ืงื™ื ื’ื“ื•ืœ. ื˜ื™ืคื•ืก ืืœ ื”ื™ืงืฃ ื”ืžื›ืชืฉ ื™ืืคืฉืจ ืœื›ื ืœืฆืคื•ืช ื‘ืื•ืงื™ื™ื ื•ืก ื•ืœืงื‘ืœ ื’ื™ืฉื” ืœื›ืคืจ ืื•ืจื•ื ื’ื•. ื”ืขื™ื™ืจื” ื”ื™ื™ืชื” ืคืขื ื‘ื™ืช ืœื›ืช ืžืงื•ืžื™ืช ืฉืกื’ื“ื” ืœืืœ ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื - ืขื“ื•ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืคื˜ืจื•ื’ืœื™ืคื™ื ื ื—ืฆื‘ื• ื‘ื ื•ืฃ, ื”ืžืชืืจื™ื ื‘ื ื™ ื›ืœืื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื ื•ืืœื™ ืฆื™ืคื•ืจื™ื.

4. ืœื™ื”ื ื•ืช ืžื”ื—ื•ืฃ ืขื ืฆืœื™ืœื” ื•ืกื™ื•ืจื™ื

ื”ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ื‘ืื™ ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื™ื”ื ื•ืช ืžืฉื ื™ ื—ื•ืคื™ ื—ื•ืœ ืœื‘ืŸ ืขื ืฆืœื™ืœื” ืžื—ื•ืฅ ืœื—ื•ืฃ ื•ืžืกืคืจ ืกื™ื•ืจื™ื ื‘ื ื™ื”ื•ืœ ืžืงื•ืžื™ ื”ืžืฆื™ืขื™ื ื ื•ืคื™ื ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ื™ื™ื ื•ืฉื•ื•ื™ื ืืช ื–ื”. ื‘ื‘ื™ืงื•ืจ ื‘ืคืกืœื™ื ืืœื• ื™ืฉ ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ืžืจื—ืง ืžื›ื‘ื“ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื™ืžื ืข ืžืงื ืก ืขื ืง - ืืกื•ืจ ื’ื ืœื˜ื™ื™ืœ ื‘ืžื™ืฉื•ืจื™ื ื”ืกืœืขื™ื™ื ืœื™ื“ ื”ืคืกืœื™ื.

ื˜ื•ืจืก ื“ืœ ืคื™ื™ืŸ ืžืœื›ื•ืชื™

ื˜ื•ืจืก ื“ืœ ืคื™ื™ืŸ ืžืœื›ื•ืชื™

ื™ื“ื•ืข ื’ื ื‘ืฉื "ืžื’ื“ืœื™ ื”ื›ื—ื•ืœ", ื˜ื•ืจืก ื“ืœ ืคื™ื™ืŸ ื”ื•ื ื—ืœืง ืž-10 ืคืืจืงื™ ื”ื˜ื‘ืข ื”ื™ืคื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ื•ื”ื•ื ื›ื ืจืื” ื”ืคื•ืคื•ืœืจื™ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืžื“ื™ื ื”. ืฉืœื•ืฉืช ื”ืขืžื•ื“ื™ื ื”ืขื ืงื™ื™ื ื‘ืคืืจืง ื ื•ืชื ื™ื ืœื• ืืช ืฉืžื• ื•ื”ื ื’ื ื‘ื™ืชื ืฉืœ ื›ืžื” ืงืจื ื™ื™ื ืื• ื”ืจื™ื ื•ืื’ืžื™ื ืงืจื—ื•ื ื™ื. ื›ื“ื™ ืœื—ืงื•ืจ ืืช ื”ืคืืจืง ื‘ืžืœื•ืื•, ืกื™ื•ืจื™ ืžื™ื ื™ื•ื•ืืŸ, ื˜ืจืงื™ื ืžืจื•ื‘ื™ื ื™ืžื™ื ืื• ื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ ืงื˜ืžืจืŸ ื–ืžื™ื ื™ื ื›ื•ืœื ื‘ืื–ื•ืจ.

ื˜ื•ืจืก ื“ืœ ืคื™ื™ืŸ ื”ื•ื ื ื•ืฃ ืขื•ืฆืจ ื ืฉื™ืžื” ืขื ื”ื”ืจื™ื ื”ืžื•ืฉืœื’ื™ื ื”ืžืœื›ื•ืชื™ื™ื ืฉืœื•, ืžื™ ื”ืื’ื ื”ืฆืœื•ืœื™ื ื•ื”ื’ื‘ืขื•ืช ื•ื”ืขืžืงื™ื ื”ืžืชื’ืœื’ืœื™ื ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื ืฉืฆืจื™ืš ืœืจืื•ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืฉื™ืืžื™ื ื•. ื”ื•ื ื™ื™ืฆื’ ื™ื•ืคื™, ื•ื”ืคืœื ื”ื˜ื‘ืขื™ ื”ื–ื” ืžื”ืคื ื˜ ื•ืžื›ืฉืฃ, ื›ื–ื” ื”ื•ื ื”ื‘ืจืง ืฉืœื•.

ื™ืฉื ื ืฉื ื™ ืžืกืœื•ืœื™ ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืœื˜ื•ืจืก ื“ืœ ืคื™ื™ืŸ. ืกื‘ื™ืจ ืœื”ื ื™ื— ืฉื”ืืคืฉืจื•ืช ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื” ืชื”ื™ื” ืื™ื˜ื™ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ื’ืœืœ ืกืœื™ืœืช ื›ื‘ื™ืฉื™ื ืงื“ื™ืžื”, ื•ื”ืžืกืœื•ืœ ื”ืฉื ื™ ืคืฉื•ื˜ ื™ื”ื™ื” ืืจื•ืš ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื•ื”ื“ื‘ืจ ื”ื™ื—ื™ื“ ืฉืฆืจื™ืš ืœื“ืื•ื’ ืžืžื ื• ื”ื•ื ื”ืชื ื•ืขื” ืฉืžื’ื™ืขื” ื‘ืžืกืœื•ืœ ื”ื–ื”. ืฉื™ืžื• ืœื‘ ืฉืœืฉืชื™ ื”ื“ืจื›ื™ื ื™ืฉ ืื’ืจื” ื•ืžืขื‘ืจื™ื ื“ืจืš ืืจื’ื ื˜ื™ื ื”.

ื”ื•ืจืื•ืช ื ืกื™ืขื”:
ืืคืฉืจื•ืช ืจืืฉื•ื ื”

  1. ืžืกื ื˜ื™ืื’ื•, ืฆืื• ืฆืคื•ื ื” ืขืœ ื•ื™ืจื’'ื™ื ื™ื” ืื•ืคืื–ื• ืœื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ืื‘ ืœื™ื‘ืจื˜ื“ื•ืจ ื‘ืจื ืจื“ื• ืื•'ื”ื™ื’ื™ื ืก.
  2. ืงื—ื• ืืช Ruta 5, Ruta 215, RN40, RP29 ื•-RN40 ืœ-Ruta 9 ื‘-Cerro Castillo.
  3. ืžืžืฉื™ื›ื™ื ืขืœ Ruta 9 ื•ื ื•ืกืขื™ื ืœ-Y-150.
  4. ื”ืžืฉื™ื›ื• ืœ-Y-156 ืขื“ ืฉืชืจืื• ืืช ื”ื›ื ื™ืกื” ืœืคืืจืง ืžืฉืžืืœื›ื. ืฉื ื”ืคืืจืง ื™ื”ื™ื” Porterรญa Laguna Amarga.
ืืคืฉืจื•ืช ืฉื ื™ื”

  1. ืกืขื• ืฆืคื•ื ื” ืขืœ ื•ื™ืจื’'ื™ื ื™ื” ืื•ืคืื–ื• ืœื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ืื‘ ืœื™ื‘ืจื˜ื“ื•ืจ ื‘ืจื ืจื“ื• ืื•'ื”ื™ื’ื™ื ืก.
  2. ืงื—ื• ืืช Autopista Los Libertadores/Ruta 57, Ruta 60, RN7 ื•-RN40 ืœ-RN143 ื‘ืคืจื“ื™ื˜ืืก, ืืจื’ื ื˜ื™ื ื”.
  3. ืขืงื‘ื• ืื—ืจ RN143 ื•-RP10 ืœ-RN35 ื‘-Conhello.
  4. ื”ืžืฉืš ืขืœ RN35. ืกืขื• ืž-RN154 ืœ-Pichi Mahuida.
  5. ืกืขื• ืขืœ RN251 ืœ-RN3 ื‘ืกืŸ ืื ื˜ื•ื ื™ื•.
  6. ืกืขื• ืขืœ RN3 ืœ-RP5 ื‘-Gรผer Aike.
  7. ืขืงื‘ื• ืื—ืจ RP5 ื•-RP7 ืœ-RN40.
  8. ื”ืžืฉื™ื›ื• ืขืœ RN40 ืœ-Cerro Castillo, ืฆ'ื™ืœื”
  9. ื”ืžืฉื™ื›ื• ืขืœ Ruta 9 ื•ืกืขื• ืœ-Y-156 ืขื“ ืฉืชืจืื• ืืช ื”ื›ื ื™ืกื” ืœืคืืจืง ืžืฉืžืืœื›ื.
ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ืœืขืฉื•ืช

ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืื ืฉื™ื ืฉืžื—ืคืฉื™ื ื”ืจืคืชืงืื•ืช ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ืฉื”ื•ืชื ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื”, ื”ื ื” ื›ืžื” ืžื”ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ืฉืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœืขืฉื•ืช: .

1. ื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื ื‘ืขืžืง ื”ืฆืจืคืชื™

ื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ ื”ืœื™ื›ื” ื”ื™ื ื”ืคืขื™ืœื•ืช ื”ื ืคื•ืฆื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœืขืฉื•ืช ื‘ืื–ื•ืจ. ื‘ื˜ื•ืจืก ื“ืœ ืคื™ื™ืŸ, ื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื ืจื’ืœื™ื™ื ื‘ืขืžืง ื”ืฆืจืคืชื™ ื”ื™ืคื” ื•ื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ ืงืจื— ื‘ืื—ื“ ืžื”ืงืจื—ื•ื ื™ื ื”ืืคื•ืจื™ื ื”ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ื™ื™ื ื”ื ืจืง ื—ืœืง ืžื”ืคืขื™ืœื•ื™ื•ืช ืื ืชืจืฆื• ืœืงื‘ืœ ืืช ื”ืชื—ื•ืฉื” ืฉืœ ื›ืœ ื ื•ืฃ ื•ืœืจืื•ืช ืืช ื™ื•ืคื™ื•.

2. ืจื›ื™ื‘ื” ืขืœ ืกื•ืกื™ื ื‘ืคืืจืง ื”ืœืื•ืžื™

ืื ืืชื” ืžืคื—ื“ ื’ื‘ื”ื™ื ืื• ืฉืื™ืŸ ืœืš ื›ื•ื— ืœืฆืืช ืœื˜ื™ื•ืœ ืจื’ืœื™, ืืชื” ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื™ื”ื ื•ืช ืžื”ืคืืจืง ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืจื›ื™ื‘ื” ืขืœ ืกื•ืกื™ื. ื–ื•ื”ื™ ืืคืฉืจื•ืช ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœื›ื™ืกื•ื™ ืฉื˜ื— ืจื—ื‘ ื™ื•ืชืจ. ื”ืคืืจืง ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ ื”ื•ื ื‘ื™ืชื ืฉืœ ืืกื˜ื ืกื™ื•ืช ืจื‘ื•ืช (ื—ื•ื•ืช) ื’ื“ื•ืœื•ืช ื•ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืชื•ืกืก ืขื ืชืจื‘ื•ืช ื”ื’ืื•ืฆ'ื• (ืคืจืฉื™ื ืžืกื•ืจืชื™ื™ื) - ื™ืฉ ืฉื™ื’ื™ื“ื• ืฉื–ื” ื’ืŸ ืขื“ืŸ ืœืจื•ื›ื‘ื™ื.

3. ืœื™ื”ื ื•ืช ืžื”ื ื•ืคื™ื ื“ืจืš ืฉื™ื™ื˜ ืงื™ืืงื™ื

ื™ืฉ ืฉื™ื’ื™ื“ื• ืฉืฉื•ื˜ ื‘ืงื™ืืงื™ื ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืจื™ ื”ืงืจื— ื”ืขื ืงื™ื™ื ื•ืขื“ ืœื—ื–ื™ืช ื”ืงืจื—ื•ืŸ ื”ืืคื•ืจ ื”ืžืชื ืฉื ืžืขืœ ื”ื™ื ื—ื•ื•ื™ื” ืฉืœ ืคืขื ื‘ื—ื™ื™ื. ื–ื•ื”ื™ ืคืขื™ืœื•ืช ืฉืœ ื—ืฆื™ ื™ื•ื ืœืื—ืจ ื˜ื™ื•ืœ ื‘ืžืขืœื” ื”ืื’ื ื”ืืคื•ืจ ืื ืชืจืฆื•; ืžื” ืฉืœื ืชื‘ื—ืจ, ื–ื” ืฉื™ืœื•ื‘ ืžื ืฆื—.

ืชืžื•ื ื” ืฉืœ ืกืŸ ืคื“ืจื• ื“ื” ืื˜ืงืžื”

ืกืŸ ืคื“ืจื• ื“ื” ืื˜ืงืžื”

ืกืŸ ืคื“ืจื• ื“ื” ืื˜ืงืžื” ืฉื•ื›ื ืช ื‘ืื–ื•ืจ ืื ื˜ื•ืคื’ืืกื˜ื” ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ื•ืžื•ืงืคืช ื‘ืื™ื ืกืคื•ืจ ื”ืจื™ื, ืื’ืžื™ื ื•ืชืฆื•ืจื•ืช ืกืœืข. ื”ืขื™ื™ืจื” ื”ืงื˜ื ื” ื”ื™ื ื™ืขื“ ื‘ืขืœ ื“ื™ืจื•ื’ ื’ื‘ื•ื” ื‘ืงืจื‘ ืชื™ื™ืจื™ื ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ื•ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ื™ื ื›ืื—ื“ ื‘ืฉืœ ื”ื ื•ืคื™ื ื•ื”ื ื•ืคื™ื ืžืขื•ืจืจื™ ื”ื”ืฉืจืื” ืฉืœื”. ืกืŸ ืคื“ืจื• ื”ื™ื ืขื™ื™ืจื” ืžืจืฉื™ืžื” ืžืœืื” ื‘ืจื—ื•ื‘ื•ืช ืžืจื•ืฆืคื™ื ืžืื•ื‘ืงื™ื, ื•ื”ื™ื ื”ืžืงื•ื ื”ืžื•ืฉืœื ืœื”ืชื—ื™ืœ ื•ืœื—ืงื•ืจ ืืช ืžื“ื‘ืจ ืื˜ืงืžื”.


ืกืŸ ืคื“ืจื• ื”ื™ื ืขื™ื™ืจื” ื ืขื™ืžื” ืฉื‘ื” ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœื™ื”ื ื•ืช ืžื‘ืชื™ ื”ืงืคื” ื”ืชื•ืกืกื™ื ืขื ื”ืื•ื•ื™ืจื” ื”ื ื™ื ื•ื—ื” ืฉืœื”ื, ืื‘ืœ ืื ืฉื™ื ืžืฉืชืžืฉื™ื ื‘ื” ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ื›ื‘ืกื™ืก ืœื—ืงื•ืจ ืืช ื”ืื–ื•ืจ ืฉืžืกื‘ื™ื‘. ื”ื—ืœ ืžืžืจื›ื– ื”ืขื™ืจ, ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœืืจื’ืŸ ื‘ืงืœื•ืช ื‘ื™ืงื•ืจ ื‘ื›ืœ ืื—ื“ ืžื”ืืชืจื™ื ื”ืืจื›ื™ืื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื™ื ื”ืคืจื”-ืงื•ืœื•ืžื‘ื™ืื ื™ื ื”ืžืจืฉื™ืžื™ื ื•ื”ื—ื•ืจื‘ื•ืช ื”ืฉื•ื›ื ื•ืช ื‘ืงืจื‘ืช ืžืงื•ื.


ืฉื™ืžื• ืœื‘ ืฉื ืกื™ืขื” ืžืกื ื˜ื™ืื’ื• ืœืกืŸ ืคื“ืจื• ื“ื” ืื˜ืงืžื” ื›ืจื•ื›ื” ื‘ืชืฉืœื•ื ืื’ืจื” ื•ืชื™ืงื— ืœื›ื 18 ืฉืขื•ืช ื‘ื”ืชืื ืœืงืฆื‘ ื”ืื™ื˜ื™ ืื• ื”ืžื”ื™ืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืชื ื•ืขื”.

ื”ื•ืจืื•ืช ื ืกื™ืขื”:

  1. ืกืขื• ืฆืคื•ื ื” ืขืœ ื•ื™ืจื’'ื™ื ื™ื” ืื•ืคืื–ื• ืœื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ืื‘ ืœื™ื‘ืจื˜ื“ื•ืจ ื‘ืจื ืจื“ื• ืื•'ื”ื™ื’ื™ื ืก.
  2. ืงื—ื• ืืช Ruta 5, Panamericana Norte, Ruta 1, B-710 ื•- Ruta 23 ืœ-San Pedro de Atacama - Guatรญn - Linzor/B-245 ื‘-San Pedro de Atacama.
  3. ืคื ื” ืฉืžืืœื” ืืœ San Pedro de Atacama - Guatรญn - Linzor/B-245. ืžืฉื ืชืจืื• ื”ืจื‘ื” ืื–ื•ืจื™ ืœื™ื ื”.
ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ืœืขืฉื•ืช

ืœืจืื•ืช ืืช ื”ื ื•ืคื™ื ืฉืกืŸ ืคื“ืจื• ื“ื” ืื˜ืงืžื” ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœื”ืฆื™ืข ื”ื•ื ืื—ื“ ื”ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืขืฉื•ืช, ื•ื”ื ื” ืขื•ื“ ื›ืžื”:

1. ืจืื” ื”ื’ื™ื™ื–ืจื™ื ืฉืœ El Tatio

ื’ื™ื™ื–ืจื™ื ืืœ ื˜ื˜ื™ื• ื”ื ืžื“ื”ื™ืžื™ื ื•ื”ื ืคื•ืคื•ืœืจื™ื™ื ืžืื•ื“ ื‘ืงืจื‘ ื”ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ื‘ืžื“ื‘ืจ ืื˜ืงืžื”. ืกื™ืœื•ื ื™ ื”ืงื™ื˜ื•ืจ ื•ื”ืžื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ื’ื™ื™ื–ืจ ืคื•ืจืฆื™ื ืœืื•ื•ื™ืจ, ื ืจืื™ื ืžืœื›ื•ืชื™ื™ื ื‘ืชื•ืš ื”ืฉื˜ื— ื”ืฉื•ืžื ื”ืžืงื™ืฃ ืื•ืชื. ืขื ืขืœื•ืช ื”ืฉื—ืจ, ื›ืฉื”ืื•ืจ ื™ืฉืชืงืฃ ื‘ืžื™ื ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ืžืจื”ื™ื‘ื”, ื–ื” ื™ื™ืจืื” ื›ืื™ืœื• ืืชื” ืขืœ ื›ื•ื›ื‘ ืื—ืจ. ื”ื’ื™ื™ื–ืจื™ื ื”ื ืชื•ืคืขื” ืžืื•ื“ ื—ืจื™ื’ื” ื•ืžื”ื•ื•ื™ื ืืช ืื—ื“ ืžืฉื™ืื™ ื”ืžื“ื‘ืจ.

2. ืฆืœื ืชืžื•ื ื•ืช ื‘ื•ื•ืืœื” ื“ื” ืœื” ืœื•ื ื”

ื”ื ื•ืคื™ื ื”ืฉื•ืžืžื™ื ืฉืœ ื•ืืœื” ื“ื” ืœื•ื ื” ื ืจืื™ื ื›ืœ ื›ืš ื“ืžื•ื™ื™ ื™ืจื— ื‘ืžืจืื”, ืชื•ืืžื™ื ืœืฉืžื• ื”ืื ื’ืœื™ Moon Valley. ืžืงื•ืžื• ืฉื‘ื™ืœื™ ืจื›ืกื™ื, ืžืขืจื•ืช, ื“ื™ื•ื ื•ืช ื•ืชืฆื•ืจื•ืช ืกืœืข; ื–ื• ื”ืกื™ื‘ื” ืฉื”ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ื ื“ื”ืžื™ื ืžื™ื•ืคื™ื•. ื”ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœืจื›ื•ื‘ ืขืœ ืื•ืคื ื™ื™ื, ืœื˜ื™ื™ืœ, ืœื˜ืคืก ืขืœ ืกืœืขื™ื ืื• ืœืฆืœื•ืœ ื‘ืฉื˜ื—.

3. ืœื”ื™ืจื’ืข ื‘- Laguna Cejar

ืžืงื•ื ืžืจื’ื™ืข ื•ืฉืœื™ื• ื‘ื• ื”ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœืฆื•ืฃ ืขืœ ืžื™ืžื™ื• ื”ืฉืœื•ื•ื™ื ื‘ืชื•ืš ื”ื ื•ืฃ ื”ืžื“ื”ื™ื. ื”ืฆื™ืคื” ืขืœ ื”ืžื™ื ื”ืžืœื•ื—ื™ื ืžืจื›ื™ื‘ื” ืืช ื”ืœื’ื•ื ื” ืกื–'ืืจ ืขื ื”ืชื—ื•ืฉื” ื”ื ืขื™ืžื” ืฉืœื”; ื›ืฉื”ืจื™ ื’ืขืฉ ืขื•ืœื™ื ืกื‘ื™ื‘ืš, ืฉืžื™ ื”ืžื™ื ื”ื›ื—ื•ืœื™ื ื•ื”ืฆืœื•ืœื™ื ื ืžืชื—ื™ื ืœืœื ืกื•ืฃ ืœืขื‘ืจ ื”ืื•ืคืง.

ืชื›ื ื•ืŸ ื™ืกื•ื“ื™ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืขื–ื•ืจ ืœื›ื ืœืขื‘ื•ืจ ืžืกืข ื ืขื™ื ืœืฆ'ื™ืœื”, ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืื ืืชื ืžืชื›ื ื ื™ื ืœื ืกื•ืข ื‘ืจื—ื‘ื™ ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื”. ื–ื›ืจื• ืืช ื—ื•ืงื™ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ืืจืฅ, ื›ื“ื™ ืฉืœื ืชืกืชื‘ื›ื•. ืืœ ืชืฉื›ื— ืœื”ื’ื™ืฉ ื‘ืงืฉื” ืœืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ื‘ืฆ'ื™ืœื” ืœืคื ื™ ืฉืืชื” ืฉื•ื›ืจ ืจื›ื‘.

ืงื‘ืœ ืืช ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืฉืœืš ืชื•ืš ืฉืขืชื™ื™ื

ืื™ืฉื•ืจ ืžื™ื™ื“ื™

ืชืงืฃ ืœ-1-3 ืฉื ื™ื

ืžืฉืœื•ื— ืืงืกืคืจืก ืœื›ืœ ื”ืขื•ืœื

ื—ื–ืจื” ืœืžืขืœื”