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ืœืžื” ืื ื™ ืฆืจื™ืš IDP?

IDP ืขื•ื–ืจ ืœืื‘ื˜ื— ืืช ื”ื ืกื™ืขื•ืช ืฉืœืš ืœื—ื•"ืœ

ืื™ืฉื•ืจ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ (IDP) ืขื•ื–ืจ ืœืš ืœื ื”ื•ื’ ืžืขื‘ืจ ืœื™ื ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ืชืงืฃ ืžืฉืœืš. ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ื–ื” ื ื“ืจืฉ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื—ื‘ืจื•ืช ื”ืฉื›ืจืช ืจื›ื‘ ื•ืžืชื‘ืงืฉ ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืจืฉื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ืชื ื•ืขื” ืื ืืชื” ืžืฆื™ื’ ืืช ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื”ื–ืจ ืฉืœืš.

IDP ืžืชืจื’ื ืืช ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ืฉืœืš ืœืฉืคื” ืฉืžื“ื™ื ืช ื”ื™ืขื“ ืฉืœืš ืžื‘ื™ื ื”. ื”ื•ื ืชื•ื›ื ืŸ ื›ืš ืฉื™ื”ื™ื” ืคืฉื•ื˜ ืœืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื•ืงืœ ืœื”ื‘ื ื” ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื“ื•ื‘ืจื™ ืื ื’ืœื™ืช ื•ื’ื ืฉืื™ื ื ื“ื•ื‘ืจื™ ืื ื’ืœื™ืช. ืขื ื–ืืช, ื”ื•ื ืื™ื ื• ืžืกืžืš ื–ื™ื”ื•ื™ ืจืฉืžื™ ื•ืื™ื ื• ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืฉืžืฉ ื›ืชื—ืœื™ืฃ ืœืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื ื”ื™ื’ื”.

ืื™ื’ื•ื“ ื”ื ื”ื’ื™ื ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืžืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ืคื•ืจืžื˜ ื”ืกื˜ื ื“ืจื˜ื™ ืฉืœ ืืžื ืช ื–'ื ื‘ื” ืขืœ ืชื ื•ืขื” ื‘ื“ืจื›ื™ื ืžืฉื ืช 1949, ื”ืžืงื•ื‘ืœืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืž-150 ืžื“ื™ื ื•ืช. ื”-IDP ืื™ื ื• ื ื—ื•ืฅ ื‘ืžืงืจื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื ืžื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ืฉืžื“ื™ื ืช ื”ื™ืขื“ ืฉืœืš ืขืฉื•ื™ื” ืœื”ื›ื™ืจ ื‘ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ืฉืœืš ื›ืชืงืฃ ื‘ืคื ื™ ืขืฆืžื•. ื”ื“ืจืš ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœืืฉืจ ืื ืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš IDP ื”ื™ื ืœืคื ื•ืช ืœืจืฉื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ืชืขื‘ื•ืจื” ืฉืœ ืžื“ื™ื ืช ื”ื™ืขื“ ืฉืœืš.

ืชื”ืœื™ืš ื”ื‘ืงืฉื” ื”ืžืงื•ื•ืŸ ื”ืงืœ ืฉืœื ื• ืœื•ืงื— ืคื—ื•ืช ืžื“ืงื” ืœื”ืฉืœื™ื!

  • ืขืœื™ืš ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืŸ 18 ื•ืžืขืœื” ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื’ื™ืฉ ื‘ืงืฉื”.
  • ืื™ืŸ ืฆื•ืจืš ื‘ืžื‘ื—ืŸ.

ื‘ืขืช ื ืกื™ืขื” ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ืช, ื ืฉื ืื™ืชืš ืืช ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ ื•ื”ืชืงืฃ ืฉืœืš ื‘ื›ืœ ืขืช. ืฆื™ื™ืช ืœื›ืœ ื—ื•ืงื™ ื”ืชื ื•ืขื” ื•ื”ืชืงื ื•ืช. ืฆื™ื™ืช ืœื›ืœ ื›ืœืœื™ ื”ืชื ื•ืขื” ื•ืžื’ื‘ืœื•ืช ื”ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช ื‘ืขืช ื ืกื™ืขื” ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ืช.

ื”ืชื—ืœ ื™ื™ืฉื•ื

ืžื” ืื ื™ ืžืงื‘ืœ ื‘ื“ื™ื•ืง?

ื—ื‘ื™ืœืช IDP ืฉืœื ื• ืžื•ืจื›ื‘ืช ืž-3 ืคืจื™ื˜ื™ื:

ื—ื•ื‘ืจืช IDP (ืžื•ื“ืคืก)

ืœืžื“ื• ืขื•ื“

ื—ื•ื‘ืจืช IDP (ื“ื™ื’ื™ื˜ืœื™ืช)

ืœืžื“ื• ืขื•ื“

ืชืขื•ื“ืช ื–ื”ื•ืช ืžืฉืœื™ืžื”

ืœืžื“ื• ืขื•ื“

ื—ื•ื‘ืจืช IDP (ืžื•ื“ืคืก)

ื—ื•ื‘ืจืช IDP ื–ื• ืžื•ืจื›ื‘ืช ืžืžื™ื“ืข ืขืœ ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ืฉืœืš ืฉืืชื” ืžืกืคืง ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ืชื”ืœื™ืš ื”ื‘ืงืฉื” ื”ืžืงื•ื•ืŸ.

ืกื”"ื› 16 ืขืžื•ื“ื™ื ื›ื•ืœืœ:

  • ืชืงื•ืคืช ืชื•ืงืฃ
  • ืจืฉื™ืžืช ืžื“ื™ื ื•ืช ืฉื‘ื”ืŸ 1949 IDP ื”ืชืงื‘ืœื” ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืžืกื•ืจืชื™ (1949 IDP ื”ืชืงื‘ืœื” ืžืื– ื‘ืžื“ื™ื ื•ืช ื ื•ืกืคื•ืช ืฉืื™ื ืŸ ืžื•ืคื™ืขื•ืช ื‘ืจืฉื™ืžื”)
  • ื›ืœื™ ืจื›ื‘ ืฉื‘ื”ื ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื ื”ื•ื’ ืขื IDP (ื‘-12 ืฉืคื•ืช)
  • ื”ืชืžื•ื ื” ืฉืœืš
  • ื”ื—ืชื™ืžื” ืฉืœืš
  • ืฉืžื•ืช ื”ืžืฉืคื—ื” ื•ื”ืžืฉืคื—ื” ืฉืœืš
  • ืืจืฅ ื”ืœื™ื“ื” ืฉืœืš
  • ืชืืจื™ืš ื”ืœื™ื“ื” ืฉืœืš
  • ืืจืฅ ืžื’ื•ืจื™ืš

ืชืงื•ืคืช ื”ืื™ืžื•ืช ื”ืืจื•ื›ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืื ื• ืžืฆื™ืขื™ื ื”ื™ื 3 ืฉื ื™ื. ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืกืจื•ืง ืืช ืงื•ื“ ื”-QR ื›ื“ื™ ืœื’ืฉืช ืœื“ืฃ ื”ื”ื–ืžื ื” ืฉืœื™ ืฉื‘ื• ืชื•ื›ืœ ืœื‘ื“ื•ืง ืืช ืชืงืคื•ืช ื•ืคืจื˜ื™ ื”ื”ื–ืžื ื” ืฉืœืš. IDP ืžื•ื“ืคืก ื™ืกื•ืคืง ืขื“ ืคืชื— ื‘ื™ืชืš ื•ืชืืจื™ืš ื”ืžืฉืœื•ื— ื”ืžืฉื•ืขืจ ื™ืฉืชื ื” ื‘ื”ืชืื ืœืฉื™ื˜ืช ื”ืžืฉืœื•ื— ืฉื‘ื—ืจืช (2-30 ื™ืžื™ ืขื‘ื•ื“ื”)

ืฆืคื” ื‘ืขืžื•ื“ื™ื ื”ืžืœืื™ื ืฉืœ ื—ื•ื‘ืจืช IDP

  • ืชืืจื™ืš ืชืคื•ื’ื”
  • ืงื•ื“ QR ืœื’ื™ืฉื” ืœ"ื”ื”ื–ืžื ื” ืฉืœื™"
  • ืจืฉื™ืžืช ืžื“ื™ื ื•ืช ืฉื‘ื”ืŸ IDP ืžืชืงื‘ืœ
  • ืชื™ืื•ืจ ืฉื™ืขื•ืจื™ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘-12 ืฉืคื•ืช

ื—ื•ื‘ืจืช IDP (ื“ื™ื’ื™ื˜ืœื™ืช)

ื—ื•ื‘ืจืช ื”-IDP ื”ื“ื™ื’ื™ื˜ืœื™ืช ื”ื™ื ื’ืจืกืช PDF ืฉืœ ื—ื•ื‘ืจืช IDP ืžืฉื ืช 1949 ืœื ื•ื—ื•ืช ื•ืœืฆืจื›ื™ื ืžื™ื™ื“ื™ื™ื.

ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืืช ื’ืจืกืช ื”-PDF ืฉืœ IDP ื‘ื˜ืœืคื•ืŸ, ื‘ืžื—ืฉื‘ ื”ื ื™ื™ื“ ืื• ื‘ื˜ืื‘ืœื˜ ืฉืœืš. ื”ื•ื ื™ื™ืžืกืจ ืžื™ื“ ืœืื—ืจ ืื™ืฉื•ืจ ื”ื‘ืงืฉื” ืฉืœืš ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ื›ืชื•ื‘ืช ื”ื“ื•ื"ืœ ืฉืกื™ืคืงืช ืื• ืฉืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืœื›ืช ืืœ ื”ื”ื–ืžื ื” ืฉืœื™ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื•ืจื™ื“ ืื•ืชื”.

ืžื“ื™ื ื•ืช ืžืกื•ื™ืžื•ืช ื‘ืขื•ืœื ืื™ื ืŸ ืžืงื‘ืœื•ืช ื—ื•ื‘ืจืช IDP Digital, ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ืื™ื—ื•ื“ ื”ืืžื™ืจื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ืขืจื‘ื™ื•ืช (ืื™ื—ื•ื“ ื”ืืžื™ืจื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ืขืจื‘ื™ื•ืช) ื•ืกืขื•ื“ื™ื”. ื”ืงืคื“ ืœื‘ื“ื•ืง ืื ืžื“ื™ื ืช ื”ื™ืขื“ ืฉืœืš ืžืงื‘ืœืช ื’ืจืกืช IDP ื“ื™ื’ื™ื˜ืœื™ืช ืœืคื ื™ ื‘ื™ืฆื•ืข ื”ื”ื–ืžื ื”. ื”ืืคืฉืจื•ืช ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืชื”ื™ื” ืœืฉืืช ืืช ื—ื•ื‘ืจืช ื”-IDP ื”ืžื•ื“ืคืกืช ื‘ืคื•ืขืœ ืขื ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื”ืžืงื•ืจื™ ืฉืœืš.

ืชืขื•ื“ืช ื–ื”ื•ืช ืžืฉืœื™ืžื”

ื—ื•ื‘ืจืช ื”-IDP ื”ื“ื™ื’ื™ื˜ืœื™ืช ื”ื™ื ื’ืจืกืช PDF ืฉืœ ื—ื•ื‘ืจืช IDP ืžืฉื ืช 1949 ืœื ื•ื—ื•ืช ื•ืœืฆืจื›ื™ื ืžื™ื™ื“ื™ื™ื.

ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืืช ื’ืจืกืช ื”-PDF ืฉืœ IDP ื‘ื˜ืœืคื•ืŸ, ื‘ืžื—ืฉื‘ ื”ื ื™ื™ื“ ืื• ื‘ื˜ืื‘ืœื˜ ืฉืœืš. ื”ื•ื ื™ื™ืžืกืจ ืžื™ื“ ืœืื—ืจ ืื™ืฉื•ืจ ื”ื‘ืงืฉื” ืฉืœืš ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ื›ืชื•ื‘ืช ื”ื“ื•ื"ืœ ืฉืกื™ืคืงืช ืื• ืฉืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืœื›ืช ืืœ ื”ื”ื–ืžื ื” ืฉืœื™ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื•ืจื™ื“ ืื•ืชื”.

ืžื“ื™ื ื•ืช ืžืกื•ื™ืžื•ืช ื‘ืขื•ืœื ืื™ื ืŸ ืžืงื‘ืœื•ืช ื—ื•ื‘ืจืช IDP Digital, ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ืื™ื—ื•ื“ ื”ืืžื™ืจื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ืขืจื‘ื™ื•ืช (ืื™ื—ื•ื“ ื”ืืžื™ืจื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ืขืจื‘ื™ื•ืช) ื•ืกืขื•ื“ื™ื”. ื”ืงืคื“ ืœื‘ื“ื•ืง ืื ืžื“ื™ื ืช ื”ื™ืขื“ ืฉืœืš ืžืงื‘ืœืช ื’ืจืกืช IDP ื“ื™ื’ื™ื˜ืœื™ืช ืœืคื ื™ ื‘ื™ืฆื•ืข ื”ื”ื–ืžื ื”. ื”ืืคืฉืจื•ืช ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืชื”ื™ื” ืœืฉืืช ืืช ื—ื•ื‘ืจืช ื”-IDP ื”ืžื•ื“ืคืกืช ื‘ืคื•ืขืœ ืขื ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื”ืžืงื•ืจื™ ืฉืœืš.