ืžื”ื™ืจ, ืงืœ ื•ื‘ืžื—ื™ืจ ืกื‘ื™ืจ: ื”ื’ืฉ ื‘ืงืฉื” ืœืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืฉืœืš ืขื•ื“ ื”ื™ื•ื!โž”
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ืžื“ืจื™ืš ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ืกืจื™ ืœื ืงื”

ืกืจื™ ืœื ืงื” ื”ื™ื ืžื“ื™ื ื” ื™ืคื”ืคื™ื™ื” ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ื™ืช. ื—ืงื•ืจ ืืช ื›ืœ ื–ื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื›ืืฉืจ ืืชื” ืžืงื‘ืœ ืืช ื”ื™ืชืจ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืฉืœืš.

2021-04-09 ยท 9 ืงืจื™ืื” ื“ืงื”

ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ืกืจื™ ืœื ืงื”: ื˜ื™ืคื™ื ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ื™ื ืœืžืกืข ื‘ื˜ื•ื—

ืขื ืื™ืฉื•ืจ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืฉืœืš, ื’ืœื• ืืช ื”ื™ื•ืคื™ ืฉืœ ืกืจื™ ืœื ืงื”, ืžืžื˜ืขื™ ืชื” ืฉื•ืคืขื™ื ื•ืขื“ ืœื—ื•ืคื™ื ื‘ืชื•ืœื™ื™ื.

ื—ืœืง ืžื”ืชื™ื™ืจื™ื ืื•ืœื™ ืžืชืขืœืžื™ื ืžืกืจื™ ืœื ืงื”, ืื‘ืœ ื–ื• ืคื ื™ื ื” ื ืกืชืจืช ืœืžื™ ืฉืื•ื”ื‘ ื ื•ืคื™ื ืฆื™ื•ืจื™ื™ื ื•ืฉื™ืžื•ืจ ื—ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืจ.

ืžื“ื™ื ืช ืื™ ื–ื• ื”ื™ื ื ืงื•ื“ื” ื—ืžื” ืœืžื’ื•ื•ืŸ ื‘ื™ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ ืขื ื—ื™ ื•ืฆื•ืžื— ื ื“ื™ืจื™ื ื•ื‘ืกื›ื ืช ื”ื›ื—ื“ื”. ื›ืžื” ืžื”ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœื‘ื™ืงื•ืจ ื‘ืกืจื™ ืœื ืงื” ื›ื•ืœืœื™ื ืืช ืืชืจื™ ืžื•ืจืฉืช ืขื•ืœืžื™ืช ืฉืœ ืื•ื ืกืง"ื• ืฉืœ ืกื™ื’ื™ืจื™ื” ื•ืžื‘ืฆืจ ื’ืืœื”.

ืชืŸ ืœืื™ื’ื•ื“ ื”ื ื”ื’ื™ื ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืœื”ื“ืจื™ืš ืื•ืชืš ื‘ื–ืžืŸ ืฉืืชื” ื ื•ื”ื’ ื‘ืžื“ื™ื ื” ื”ื™ืคื” ื”ื–ื•.

ื”ืื ื–ื” ื‘ื˜ื•ื— ืœื ื”ื•ื’ ื‘ืกืจื™ ืœื ืงื”?

ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ืกืจื™ ืœื ืงื” ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžืชื’ืžืœืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœื—ืงื•ืจ ืืช ื”ื ื•ืคื™ื ื”ืžื“ื”ื™ืžื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืื™ ื•ืืชืจื™ ื”ืชืจื‘ื•ืช, ืื‘ืœ ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœื”ืชื›ื•ื ืŸ. ื”ื ื” ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ืฉื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœื“ืขืช ืœืคื ื™ ื ืกื™ืขื” ืœืกืจื™ ืœื ืงื” :

ืกื˜ื˜ื™ืกื˜ื™ืงืช ืชืื•ื ื•ืช

ืกืจื™ ืœื ืงื” ืžืชืžื•ื“ื“ืช ืขื ืืชื’ืจื™ ื“ืจื›ื™ื ืžืฉืžืขื•ืชื™ื™ื, ื›ืืฉืจ ื“ื•ื— ืฉืœ EconomyNext ืžื“ื’ื™ืฉ ืžืกืคืจ ืžื“ืื™ื’ ืฉืœ ื”ืจื•ื’ื™ื.

  • ืžื ื™ื™ืŸ ืžืชื™ื ื’ื‘ื•ื”: ืžืื– 2016, ืœืคื—ื•ืช ืื“ื ืื—ื“ ืžืช ื‘ืชืื•ื ืช ื“ืจื›ื™ื ื›ืœ ืฉืœื•ืฉ ืฉืขื•ืช ื‘ืกืจื™ ืœื ืงื”. ื–ื” ืžืชื•ืจื’ื ืœืžืžื•ืฆืข ืฉืœ ืฉืžื•ื ื” ืžืงืจื™ ืžื•ื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ื.
  • ืชืื•ื ื•ืช ื‘ืขืœื™ื™ื”: ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ืฉื‘ืข ื•ื—ืฆื™ ื”ืฉื ื™ื ื”ืื—ืจื•ื ื•ืช (ื™ื ื•ืืจ 2016 - ื™ื•ื ื™ 2023), ื“ื•ื•ื— ืขืœ 223,451 ืชืื•ื ื•ืช ืžื“ื”ื™ืžื•ืช.
  • ืฉื™ืขื•ืจ ื”ืชืžื•ืชื”: ื‘ืกืจื™ ืœื ืงื” ื™ืฉ ืฉื™ืขื•ืจ ืชืžื•ืชื” ืžืชื ื•ืขื” ื”ืขื•ืœื” ืขืœ 120 ืœืžื™ืœื™ื•ืŸ ืชื•ืฉื‘ื™ื. ื–ื” ื’ื‘ื•ื” ืžืฉืžืขื•ืชื™ืช ืžืžื“ื™ื ื•ืช ืžืคื•ืชื—ื•ืช ื›ืžื• ืืจื”"ื‘ (13) ื•ื™ืคืŸ (3).

ื”ืžืžืฉืœื” ื ื•ืงื˜ืช ืคืขื•ืœื”

ืžืชื•ืš ื”ื›ืจื” ื‘ื—ื•ืžืจืช ื”ื ื•ืฉื, ืžืžืฉืœืช ืกืจื™ ืœื ืงื” ืžื™ื™ืฉืžืช ืฆืขื“ื™ื ื—ื“ืฉื™ื ืœืฉื™ืคื•ืจ ื”ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช ื‘ื“ืจื›ื™ื:

  • ืžืขืจื›ืช ื ืงื•ื“ื•ืช ืชืงืœื•ืช: ืžืขืจื›ืช ื ืงื•ื“ื•ืช ืชืงืœื•ืช ืœืขื‘ื™ืจื•ืช ืชื ื•ืขื” ืžืชื•ื›ื ื ืช ืœืฆืืช ืœื“ืจืš ื‘ื™ื ื•ืืจ 2024. ื ื”ื’ื™ื ืฉื™ืฆื‘ืจื• 24 ื ืงื•ื“ื•ืช ื™ืขืžื“ื• ื‘ืคื ื™ ื”ืคืกืงืช ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ.
  • ืชืงื ื•ืช ื”ื’ื‘ืœืช ื”ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช: ื”ืžืžืฉืœื” ืขื•ื‘ื“ืช ืขืœ ืชื™ืงื•ืŸ ืžื’ื‘ืœื•ืช ื”ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื•ืจื™ื“ ืื•ืชืŸ ื•ืœืฉืคืจ ืืช ื”ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช.

ืกื•ื’ื™ ืชื—ื‘ื•ืจื” ื ืคื•ืฆื™ื

ื”ื—ืœื˜ื” ืขืœ ืืžืฆืขื™ ื”ืชื—ื‘ื•ืจื” ื”ืื•ืคื˜ื™ืžืœื™ ืชืขื–ื•ืจ ืœืš ืœื—ื•ื•ืช ืืช ื”ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœืขืฉื•ืช ื‘ืกืจื™ ืœื ืงื” . ืื ืชื‘ื—ืจ ืœื ื”ื•ื’, ืชื—ืœื•ืง ืืช ื”ื“ืจื›ื™ื ืขื:

ืื•ื˜ื•ื‘ื•ืกื™ื

ืื•ื˜ื•ื‘ื•ืกื™ื ืฆื™ื‘ื•ืจื™ื™ื: ืžื•ืคืขืœ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืžื•ืขืฆืช ื”ืชื—ื‘ื•ืจื” ืฉืœ ืกืจื™ ืœื ืงื” (SLTB), ืื•ื˜ื•ื‘ื•ืกื™ื ืฆื™ื‘ื•ืจื™ื™ื ื”ื ืืžืฆืขื™ ื”ืชื—ื‘ื•ืจื” ื”ื ืคื•ืฅ ื•ื”ื—ืกื›ื•ื ื™ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ. ื”ื ืžื›ืกื™ื ืžืกืœื•ืœื™ื ื ืจื—ื‘ื™ื ื‘ืจื—ื‘ื™ ื”ืืจืฅ, ื›ื•ืœืœ ืื–ื•ืจื™ื ื›ืคืจื™ื™ื.

ืื•ื˜ื•ื‘ื•ืกื™ื ืคืจื˜ื™ื™ื: ืืœื” ืžื•ืคืขืœื™ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื—ื‘ืจื•ืช ืคืจื˜ื™ื•ืช ื•ืžืฆื™ืขื™ื ืฉื™ืจื•ืชื™ื ืชื›ื•ืคื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ. ื”ื ื ื•ื˜ื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžื”ื™ืจื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ ืื‘ืœ ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืฆืคื•ืคื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ ื•ืคื—ื•ืช ื ื•ื—ื™ื.

ื˜ื•ืง-ื˜ื•ืงื™ื

ืจื™ืงืฉื•ืช ืื•ื˜ื•ืžื˜ื™ื•ืช ืชืœืช ื’ืœื’ืœื™ื•ืช, ื”ื™ื“ื•ืขื•ืช ื‘ื›ื™ื ื•ื™ื• ื˜ื•ืง-ื˜ื•ืงื™ื, ื ืžืฆืื•ืช ื‘ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื ืจื—ื‘ ืœื ืกื™ืขื•ืช ืœืžืจื—ืงื™ื ืงืฆืจื™ื. ื”ื ื ื•ื—ื™ื ืœื ื™ื•ื•ื˜ ื‘ืชื ื•ืขื” ื‘ืขื™ืจ ื•ื–ืžื™ื ื™ื ื›ืžืขื˜ ื‘ื›ืœ ืžืงื•ื.

ืฉื™ืจื•ืชื™ ืžื•ื ื™ื•ืช ื•ืฉื™ืจื•ืชื™ ื”ืกืขื•ืช

ืžื•ื ื™ื•ืช ื–ืžื™ื ื•ืช ื‘ืงืœื•ืช ื‘ืขืจื™ื ื•ื‘ืื–ื•ืจื™ ืชื™ื™ืจื•ืช. ืฉื™ืจื•ืชื™ ื”ืกืขื•ืช ื›ืžื• PickMe ื•-Uber ื”ื ื’ื ืคื•ืคื•ืœืจื™ื™ื, ื•ืžืฆื™ืขื™ื ืืœื˜ืจื ื˜ื™ื‘ื” ื ื•ื—ื” ื•ืืžื™ื ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœื˜ื•ืง-ื˜ื•ืงื™ื.

ืชืจื‘ื•ืช ื ื”ื™ื’ื”

ืขืจื ื•ืช ื”ื™ื ื”ืžืคืชื—: ื ื”ื’ื™ื ื‘ืกืจื™ ืœื ืงื” ื ื•ื˜ื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืืกืจื˜ื™ื‘ื™ื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ, ืขื ืฉื™ื ื•ื™ื™ ื ืชื™ื‘ ืชื›ื•ืคื™ื ื•ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืฆื•ืคืจ. ื”ื™ื• ืžื•ื›ื ื™ื ืœืชืžืจื•ื ื™ื ื‘ืœืชื™ ืฆืคื•ื™ื™ื ื•ืœืจื›ื‘ื™ื ืฉื ืขื™ื ืœืื˜ ื™ื•ืชืจ ื›ืžื• ื˜ื•ืง-ื˜ื•ืงื™ื ื”ื—ื•ืœืงื™ื ืืช ื”ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ.

ื–ื›ื•ืช ืงื“ื™ืžื”: ื‘ืขื•ื“ ืฉืกืจื™ืœื ืงื” ืคื•ืขืœืช ืœืคื™ ืžืขืจื›ืช ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ืฉืžืืœื™ืช, ืœื ืชืžื™ื“ ืžืงืคื™ื“ื™ื ืขืœ ื–ื›ื•ืช ื”ืงื“ื™ืžื”. ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื”ื’ื ืชื™ืช ื•ืฆื™ืคื™ื™ื” ืœืคืขื•ืœื•ืช ืฉืœ ืื—ืจื™ื ื”ื ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ื™ื.

ืฉื™ื ื•ื™ื™ื ื‘ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช: ืฆืคื• ืœืชืขืจื•ื‘ืช ืฉืœ ืžื”ื™ืจื•ื™ื•ืช ืขืœ ื”ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ. ื›ื‘ื™ืฉื™ื ืžื”ื™ืจื™ื ืžืืคืฉืจื™ื ื ืกื™ืขื” ืžื”ื™ืจื” ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื‘ืขื•ื“ ืฉื›ื‘ื™ืฉื™ื ื›ืคืจื™ื™ื ื•ืขื™ื™ืจื•ืช ื“ื•ืจืฉื•ืช ืœืจื•ื‘ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ืื™ื˜ื™ืช ื•ื–ื”ื™ืจื” ื™ื•ืชืจ.

ืขืงื™ืคื”: ืชืžืจื•ื ื™ ืขืงื™ืคื” ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื ื•ืขื–ื™ื, ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ื‘ื›ื‘ื™ืฉื™ื ื—ื“-ื ืชื™ื‘ื™ื™ื. ื”ื™ื• ื–ื”ื™ืจื™ื ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ื›ืืฉืจ ืžืชืงืจื‘ื™ื ืœืฆืžืชื™ื ืื• ืœืคื™ื ื•ืช ืขื™ื•ื•ืจื•ืช.

ื”ืื ื‘ื˜ื•ื— ืœื ื”ื•ื’ ื‘ืœื™ืœื”?

ืืžื ื ืœื ื‘ืœืชื™ ืืคืฉืจื™, ืืš ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ืœื™ืœื” ื‘ืกืจื™ ืœื ืงื” ื“ื•ืจืฉืช ื–ื”ื™ืจื•ืช ื ื•ืกืคืช.

ืจืื•ืช ืžื•ืคื—ืชืช: ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื”ื’ื‘ื™ืœ ืืช ืชืื•ืจืช ื”ืจื—ื•ื‘, ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืžื—ื•ืฅ ืœืขืจื™ื ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื•ืช. ื–ื” ืžืงืฉื” ืขืœ ืจืื•ืช ื”ื•ืœื›ื™ ืจื’ืœ, ื‘ืขืœื™ ื—ื™ื™ื ื•ืžื›ืฉื•ืœื™ื ืขืœ ื”ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ.

ืกื™ื›ื•ืŸ ืžื•ื’ื‘ืจ ืœืชืื•ื ื•ืช: ื”ืกื˜ื˜ื™ืกื˜ื™ืงื” ืžืจืื” ืฉื›ื™ื—ื•ืช ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ืชืื•ื ื•ืช ื‘ืœื™ืœื” ืขืงื‘ ื”ื’ื•ืจืžื™ื ืฉื”ื•ื–ื›ืจื• ืœืขื™ืœ, ื™ื—ื“ ืขื ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ืฉืขืœื•ืœื” ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืœืงื•ื™ื”.

ืžืคื’ืฉื™ื ืขื ื‘ืขืœื™ ื—ื™ื™ื: ื‘ืขืœื™ ื—ื™ื™ื ื›ืžื• ืคื™ืœื™ื ื•ื—ื–ื™ืจื™ ื‘ืจ ืคืขื™ืœื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืœื™ืœื”, ืžื” ืฉืžื’ื‘ื™ืจ ืืช ื”ืกื™ื›ื•ืŸ ืœื”ืชื ื’ืฉื•ื™ื•ืช.

ื—ื•ืงื™ ื”ื“ืจืš ื‘ืกืจื™ ืœื ืงื”

ืฆื“ ื ื”ื™ื’ื”

ื‘ืกืจื™ ืœื ืงื”, ื›ืœื™ ืจื›ื‘ ื ื•ืกืขื™ื ื‘ืฆื“ ืฉืžืืœ ืฉืœ ื”ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ, ื‘ืขืงื‘ื•ืช ื”ืฉื™ื˜ื” ื”ื‘ืจื™ื˜ื™ืช. ืžื•ืฉื‘ ื”ื ื”ื’ ื ืžืฆื ื‘ืฆื“ ื™ืžื™ืŸ ืฉืœ ื”ืจื›ื‘.

ื’ื™ืœ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื—ื•ืงื™

ื’ื™ืœ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื”ื—ื•ืงื™ ื‘ืกืจื™ ืœื ืงื” ื”ื•ื 18 ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื ื•ื–ืจื™ื. ืขื ื–ืืช, ืจื•ื‘ ื—ื‘ืจื•ืช ื”ื”ืฉื›ืจื” ื“ื•ืจืฉื•ืช ืžื”ื ื”ื’ื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื‘ื ื™ 21 ืœืคื—ื•ืช ื•ื‘ืขืœื™ ื ื™ืกื™ื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ืฉื ื” ืœืคื—ื•ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœืฉื›ื•ืจ ืจื›ื‘.

ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ืฉื›ืจื•ืช

ืžื’ื‘ืœืช ื”-BAC ื”ื—ื•ืงื™ืช ื‘ืกืจื™ ืœื ืงื” ื”ื™ื 0.08% . ื—ืจื™ื’ื” ืžืžื’ื‘ืœื” ื–ื• ื’ื•ืจืจืช ืขื•ื ืฉื™ื ืžื—ืžื™ืจื™ื, ืœืจื‘ื•ืช ืงื ืกื•ืช, ืžืืกืจ, ื”ืชืœื™ื™ื” ืื• ืฉืœื™ืœื” ืฉืœ ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื”.

ืžื’ื‘ืœืช ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช

ื‘ืกืจื™ ืœื ืงื”, ืžื’ื‘ืœื•ืช ื”ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช ืžืฉืชื ื•ืช ื‘ื”ืชืื ืœืกื•ื’ ื”ืจื›ื‘ ื•ื”ืื–ื•ืจ:

ืื–ื•ืจื™ื ืขื™ืจื•ื ื™ื™ื:

  • ืื•ืคื ื•ืขื™ื ื•ื›ืœื™ ืจื›ื‘ ื›ื‘ื“ื™ื: 40 ืงืž"ืฉ
  • ืžื›ื•ื ื™ื•ืช ื•ืจื›ื‘ื™ื ืงืœื™ื: 60 ืง"ืž

ืžื—ื•ืฅ ืœืื–ื•ืจื™ื ืขื™ืจื•ื ื™ื™ื:

  • ืื•ืคื ื•ืขื™ื: 40 ืงืž"ืฉ
  • ืจื›ื‘ื•ืช ื•ืจื›ื‘ื™ื ื›ื‘ื“ื™ื: 60 ืงืž"ืฉ
  • ืžื›ื•ื ื™ื•ืช ื•ืจื›ื‘ื™ื ืงืœื™ื: 70 ืง"ืž

ื›ื‘ื™ืฉื™ื ืžื”ื™ืจื™ื:

  • ืžื›ื•ื ื™ื•ืช ื•ื›ืœื™ ืจื›ื‘ ืงืœื™ื: 100 ืงืž"ืฉ
  • ืืกื•ืจ ืœื”ื›ื ื™ืก ืื•ืคื ื•ืขื™ื ืœื›ื‘ื™ืฉื™ื ืžื”ื™ืจื™ื

ื—ื•ืงื™ ื—ื’ื•ืจื•ืช ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช

ื—ื’ื•ืจื•ืช ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช ื”ืŸ ื—ื•ื‘ื” ื”ืŸ ืœื ื”ื’ ื•ื”ืŸ ืœื ื•ืกืขื™ ื”ืžื•ืฉื‘ ื”ืงื“ืžื™. ืœืžืจื•ืช ืฉื–ื” ืœื ื—ื•ื‘ื” ืขืœ ืคื™ ื—ื•ืง ืœื ื•ืกืขื™ื ื‘ืžื•ืฉื‘ ื”ืื—ื•ืจื™, ืžื•ืžืœืฅ ืžืื•ื“ ืœื›ืœ ื”ื ื•ืกืขื™ื ืœื—ื’ื•ืจ ื—ื’ื•ืจื•ืช ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช ืžื˜ืขืžื™ ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช.

ื–ื›ื•ืช ืžืขื‘ืจ

  • ื”ื•ืœื›ื™ ืจื’ืœ: ืœื”ื•ืœื›ื™ ืจื’ืœ ื™ืฉ ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ื–ื›ื•ืช ืงื“ื™ืžื” ื‘ืžืขื‘ืจื™ ื—ืฆื™ื™ื” ื•ืฆืžืชื™ื. ื ื”ื’ื™ื ืฆืจื™ื›ื™ื ืœื”ื™ื›ื ืข ืœื”ื•ืœื›ื™ ื”ืจื’ืœ ื‘ื›ืœ ืขืช.
  • ืจื›ื‘ื™ื: ื‘ื›ื™ื›ืจื•ืช ื•ื‘ืฆืžืชื™ื ื™ืฉ ื–ื›ื•ืช ืงื“ื™ืžื” ืœื›ืœื™ ืจื›ื‘ ืฉื›ื‘ืจ ื ืžืฆืื™ื ื‘ื›ื™ื›ืจ ืื• ื‘ืฆื•ืžืช. ืขืœ ื”ื ื”ื’ื™ื ืœื”ื™ื›ื ืข ืœืชื ื•ืขื” ืฉืžื’ื™ืขื” ืžื™ืžื™ืŸ ื‘ื›ื™ื›ืจื•ืช.

ื—ึฒื ึธื™ึธื”

  • ื—ื ื™ื” ืขื™ืจื•ื ื™ืช: ื—ื ื™ื” ื‘ืขืจื™ื ืขืœื•ืœื” ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžืืชื’ืจืช ืขืงื‘ ืขื•ืžืก. ื—ื ื™ื” ื‘ืชืฉืœื•ื ื–ืžื™ื ื” ื‘ืื–ื•ืจื™ื ื™ื™ืขื•ื“ื™ื™ื, ื•ืžื“ ื—ื ื™ื” ื ืคื•ืฆื™ื ื‘ืขืจื™ื ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื•ืช.
  • ื”ื’ื‘ืœื•ืช: ืฉื™ืžื• ืœื‘ ืœืื–ื•ืจื™ื ืœืœื ื—ื ื™ื”, ื”ืžืกื•ืžื ื™ื ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ื‘ืฉื™ืœื•ื˜. ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืงื ื•ืก ืื• ืœื’ืจื•ืจ ืจื›ื‘ื™ื ืฉื—ื•ื ื™ื ืฉืœื ื›ื“ื™ืŸ.

ื˜ื™ืคื™ื ื ื•ืกืคื™ื: ืฉืื™ืœืช ื”ื ื—ื™ื•ืช

ืกื™ื ื”ืืœื” ื•ื˜ืžื™ืœื™ืช ื”ืŸ ื”ืฉืคื•ืช ื”ืจืฉืžื™ื•ืช, ืืš ืื ื’ืœื™ืช ืžื“ื•ื‘ืจืช ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ื ืจื—ื‘, ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ื‘ืื–ื•ืจื™ื ืขื™ืจื•ื ื™ื™ื ื•ื‘ืืชืจื™ ืชื™ื™ืจื•ืช. ื›ืฉืืชื ืžื‘ืงืฉื™ื ื”ื•ืจืื•ืช ื”ื’ืขื”, ืคื ื• ืœืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื ื‘ื ื™ืžื•ืก ื•ื‘ื‘ื™ืจื•ืจ ื”ื™ืขื“ ืฉืœื›ื. ื”ืชื—ืœ ืชืžื™ื“ ืขื ื‘ืจื›ื” ืžื ื•ืžืกืช ื›ืžื• "ืกืœื— ืœื™" (ืกื™ื ื”ืœื™ืช: เทƒเถธเทเท€เท™เถฑเทŠเถฑ (samฤvenna), ื˜ืžื™ืœื™ืช: เฎฎเฎฉเฏเฎฉเฎฟเฎ•เฏเฎ•เฎตเฏเฎฎเฏ (maikkum).

ื›ื“ืื™ ืœืจืฉื•ื ืืช ืฉื ื”ืžืงื•ื ื‘ืžืงืจื” ืฉืœ ืžื—ืกื•ืžื™ ืฉืคื”:

EnglishSinhalaTamil
"Excuse me, can you help me find [place]?""เถธเถง [เทƒเทŠเถฎเทเถฑเถบ] เทƒเทœเถบเทเถœเถฑเทŠเถฑ เถ‹เถฏเท€เทŠ เถšเท… เท„เทเถšเท’เถฏ?" (mata [sthฤna] soyฤganna"เฎจเฎพเฎฉเฏ [เฎ‡เฎŸเฎฎเฏ] เฎŽเฎ™เฏเฎ•เฏ เฎ‡เฎฐเฏเฎ•เฏเฎ•เฎฟเฎฑเฎคเฏ เฎŽเฎฉเฏเฎฑเฏ เฎšเฏŠเฎฒเฏเฎฒ เฎฎเฏเฎŸเฎฟเฎฏเฏเฎฎเฎพ?" (nฤแน‰ [iแนญam] eแน…ku irukkiแนŸatu
udav kala hรคkida?)eแน‰แนŸu colla muแนญiyumฤ?)
"How do I get to [place]?""เถธเถธ [เทƒเทŠเถฎเทเถฑเถบ] เถง เถบเถฑเทŠเถฑเทš เถšเท™เทƒเทšเถฏ?" (mama [sthฤna]แนญa yannฤ“ kesฤ“da?)"[เฎ‡เฎŸเฎฎเฏ]เฎ•เฏเฎ•เฏ เฎŽเฎชเฏเฎชเฎŸเฎฟ เฎšเฏ†เฎฒเฏเฎตเฎคเฏ?" ([iแนญam]kku eppaแนญi celvatu?)
"Where is the nearest [landmark/station/hotel]?""เถ‰เถญเทเถธ เท…เถŸเถธ [เถฝเถ‚เถ เถฑเถบ/เทƒเทŠเถฎเทเถฑเถบ/เท„เทเถงเถฝเถบ] เถšเทœเท„เท™เถฏ?" (itฤma langama [lanchanaya/sthฤna/hลแนญalaya] koheda?)"เฎ‡เฎŸเฏˆเฎฏเฎฟเฎฒเฏ [เฎชเฎฐเฎฟเฎšเฏเฎคเฏเฎคเฎฎเฏ/เฎ‡เฎŸเฎฎเฏ/เฎนเฏ‹เฎŸเฏเฎŸเฎฒเฏ] เฎŽเฎ™เฏเฎ•เฏ เฎ‡เฎฐเฏเฎ•เฏเฎ•เฎฟเฎฑเฎคเฏ?" (iแนญaiyil [parisuttam/iแนญam/hลแนญแนญal] eแน…ku irukkiแนŸatu?)
"Can you show me on the map?""เถธเถง เทƒเท’เถญเท’เถบเถธเทš เถดเท™เถฑเทŠเท€เถฑเทŠเถฑ เถดเท”เท…เท”เท€เถฑเทŠเถฏ?" (mata sitiyamฤ“ penvanna puแธทuvanda?)"เฎตเฎฐเฏˆเฎชเฎŸเฎคเฏเฎคเฎฟเฎฒเฏ เฎŽเฎฉเฎ•เฏเฎ•เฏ เฎ•เฎพเฎŸเฏเฎŸ เฎฎเฏเฎŸเฎฟเฎฏเฏเฎฎเฎพ?" (varaipaแนญattil eแน‰akku kฤแนญแนญa muแนญiyumฤ?)
"Is it far from here?""เถธเทšเถšเท’เถฑเทŠ เถฏเท”เถปเถฏ?" (mฤ“kin durada?)"เฎ‡เฎคเฏ เฎ‡เฎ™เฏเฎ•เฎฟเฎฐเฏเฎจเฏเฎคเฏ เฎคเฏ‚เฎฐเฎฎเฎพ?" (itu iแน…kiแนŸuntu tลซramฤ?)
"Which way to [place]?""[เทƒเทŠเถฎเทเถฑเถบ] เถง เถšเท”เถธเถฑ เถธเทเถปเทŠเถœเถบเท™เถฑเทŠเถฏ?" ([sthฤna]แนญa kumana mฤrgayenda?)"[เฎ‡เฎŸเฎฎเฏ]เฎ•เฏเฎ•เฏ เฎŽเฎจเฏเฎค เฎตเฎดเฎฟ?" ([iแนญam]kku enta vaแธปi?)

ืฉืืœื•ืช ื ืคื•ืฆื•ืช: ืื™ืฉื•ืจ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ื‘ืกืจื™ ืœื ืงื”

ื”ืื ื ื“ืจืฉ IDP ื›ื“ื™ ืœื ื”ื•ื’ ื‘ืกืจื™ ืœื ืงื”?

ื ื“ืจืฉ ืื™ืฉื•ืจ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ (IDP) ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืžื˜ื™ื™ืœื™ื ื–ืจื™ื ื”ืžืขื•ื ื™ื™ื ื™ื ืœื ื”ื•ื’ ื‘ืกืจื™ ืœื ืงื”. ื–ื”ื• ืชืจื’ื•ื ืจืฉืžื™ ืฉืœ ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ืฉืœ ืžื“ื™ื ืช ื”ื•ืœื“ืชืš ื•ื”ื•ื ื”ื›ืจื—ื™ ืœื”ืฉื›ืจื” ื•ืœื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื—ื•ืงื™ืช ื‘ื›ืœื™ ืจื›ื‘ ื‘ืกืจื™ ืœื ืงื”.

ื”ืื IDP ืฉื”ื•ืฆื ืžื—ื•ืฅ ืœืกืจื™ ืœื ืงื” ืžืชืงื‘ืœ?

ื›ืŸ, IDP ืฉื”ื•ืฆื ืžื—ื•ืฅ ืœืกืจื™ ืœื ืงื” ืžืชืงื‘ืœ, ื‘ืชื ืื™ ืฉื”ื•ื ืžืžื“ื™ื ื” ืฉื—ืชื•ืžื” ืขืœ ืืžื ืช ื–'ื ื‘ื” ืขืœ ืชื ื•ืขื” ื‘ื“ืจื›ื™ื ืžืฉื ืช 1949 ืื• ืขืœ ืืžื ืช ื•ื™ื ื” ืขืœ ืชืขื‘ื•ืจื” ื‘ื“ืจื›ื™ื ืžืฉื ืช 1968. ืœืคืขืžื™ื, ื”- IDP ืฆืจื™ืš ืœืงื‘ืœ ืื™ืฉื•ืจ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืื™ื’ื•ื“ ื”ืจื›ื‘ ืฉืœ ืฆื™ื™ืœื•ืŸ (AAC) ืขื ื”ื”ื’ืขื” ืœืกืจื™ ืœื ืงื”. ื•ื“ื ืฉืืชื” ื ื•ืฉื ื’ื ืืช ื”-IDP ื•ื’ื ืืช ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื”ืžืงื•ืจื™ ืฉืœืš.

ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืื•ื›ืœ ืœืงื‘ืœ ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™?

ืื ืืชื” ืžืชื’ื•ืจืจ ืžื—ื•ืฅ ืœืกืจื™ ืœื ืงื”, ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ืฉื™ื’ IDP ืžืงื•ื•ืŸ ื“ืจืš ืืจื’ื•ื ื™ ืฆื“ ืฉืœื™ืฉื™ ื›ืžื• ืื™ื’ื•ื“ ื”ื ื”ื’ื™ื ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™. ืชื”ืœื™ืš ื–ื” ื›ื•ืœืœ ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ืžื™ืœื•ื™ ื˜ื•ืคืก ื‘ืงืฉื” ืžืงื•ื•ืŸ, ื”ืขืœืืช ืžืกืžื›ื™ื ื ื—ื•ืฆื™ื ื•ืชืฉืœื•ื ื“ืžื™ ื”ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ.

ื”ืฉื›ืจืช ืจื›ื‘ ื‘ืกืจื™ ืœื ืงื”

ื”ืฉื›ืจืช ืจื›ื‘ ืžืืคืฉืจืช ืœื›ื ืœื™ื”ื ื•ืช ืžื”ื™ื•ืคื™ ื”ื ื•ืคื™ ืฉืœ ืกืจื™ ืœื ืงื”. ืœืชืงื•ืคื” ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœื‘ืงืจ ื‘ืกืจื™ ืœื ืงื” , ืฉืงื•ืœ ืืช ื”ืขื•ื ื” ื”ื™ื‘ืฉื” ืžื“ืฆืžื‘ืจ ืขื“ ืžืจืฅ ื‘ื—ื•ืคื™ื ื”ืžืขืจื‘ื™ื™ื ื•ื”ื“ืจื•ืžื™ื™ื ื•ืžืžืื™ ืขื“ ืกืคื˜ืžื‘ืจ ื‘ื—ื•ืฃ ื”ืžื–ืจื—ื™.

ื—ื‘ืจื•ืช ืœื”ืฉื›ืจืช ืจื›ื‘

ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ื‘ื™ืŸ ืžื•ืชื’ื™ื ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื ื•ืขื“ ืœื—ื‘ืจื•ืช ืžืงื•ืžื™ื•ืช ื‘ืืจืฅ. ื›ืžื” ืžื—ื‘ืจื•ืช ื”ืฉื›ืจืช ื”ืจื›ื‘ ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืกืจื™ ืœื ืงื” ื›ื•ืœืœื•ืช:

Avis: ืžื•ืชื’ ืžื•ื›ืจ ื‘ืขื•ืœื ืขื ืžืกืคืจ ืžื™ืงื•ืžื™ื ื‘ืจื—ื‘ื™ ืกืจื™ ืœื ืงื”, ื›ื•ืœืœ ืงื•ืœื•ืžื‘ื• ื•ืฉื“ื•ืช ืชืขื•ืคื” ื’ื“ื•ืœื™ื.

Kings Rent A Car: ื—ื‘ืจื” ืžืงื•ืžื™ืช ื‘ืขืœืช ืžื•ื ื™ื˜ื™ืŸ ื”ืžืฆื™ืขื” ืžื’ื•ื•ืŸ ืจื—ื‘ ืฉืœ ื›ืœื™ ืจื›ื‘ ื•ืฉื™ืจื•ืชื™ื ืžื•ืชืืžื™ื ืื™ืฉื™ืช.

Malkey Rent A Car : ื‘ื—ื™ืจื” ืคื•ืคื•ืœืจื™ืช ืœื”ืฉื›ืจื” ืœื˜ื•ื•ื— ืงืฆืจ ื•ืœื˜ื•ื•ื— ืืจื•ืš, ื”ื™ื“ื•ืขื” ื‘ืฉื™ืจื•ืช ื”ืœืงื•ื—ื•ืช ื”ืžืฆื•ื™ืŸ ืฉืœื”.

ืžืกืžื›ื™ื ื ื“ืจืฉื™ื

  • ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ืชื•ืงืฃ ืžืืจืฅ ื”ื•ืœื“ืชืš.
  • ืื™ืฉื•ืจ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ (IDP).
  • ื“ืจื›ื•ืŸ ืœื–ื™ื”ื•ื™.
  • ื›ืจื˜ื™ืก ืืฉืจืื™ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ืคื™ืงื“ื•ืŸ ื•ื”ืชืฉืœื•ื.

ื“ืจื™ืฉื•ืช ื’ื™ืœ

ืจื•ื‘ ื—ื‘ืจื•ืช ื”ืฉื›ืจืช ื”ืจื›ื‘ ื‘ืกืจื™ ืœื ืงื” ื“ื•ืจืฉื•ืช ืžื”ื ื”ื’ื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื‘ื ื™ 21 ืœืคื—ื•ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœืฉื›ื•ืจ ืจื›ื‘.

ืขืœื•ืช ื”ืฉื›ืจืช ืจื›ื‘

ื™ื“ื™ื“ื•ืชื™ืช ืœืชืงืฆื™ื‘: ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ื ื•ืกืข ื”ืžื•ื“ืข ื‘ืขืœื•ื™ื•ืช, ืžื›ื•ื ื™ื•ืช ืงื•ืžืคืงื˜ื™ื•ืช ื™ื›ื•ืœื•ืช ืœืขืœื•ืช ื‘ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื•ืช 25 ืขื“ 35 ื“ื•ืœืจ (4,500 LKR ืขื“ 6,300 LKR) ืœื™ื•ื. ื›ืœื™ ืจื›ื‘ ืืœื” ืžื•ืฉืœืžื™ื ืœื ื™ื•ื•ื˜ ื‘ืขื™ื™ืจื•ืช ืงื˜ื ื•ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ ื•ื‘ื›ื‘ื™ืฉื™ ื—ื•ืฃ ืฆื™ื•ืจื™ื™ื.

ืžืžื•ืฆืข: ืžื›ื•ื ื™ื•ืช ื‘ื’ื•ื“ืœ ื‘ื™ื ื•ื ื™ ืžืฆื™ืขื•ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืงื•ื ื•ื ื•ื—ื•ืช ืœื—ืงืจ ื”ื ื•ืคื™ื ื”ืžื’ื•ื•ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืื™. ืฆืคื• ืœืฉืœื ื‘ื™ืŸ 35 ืœ-$50 (LKR 6,300 ืขื“ 9,000 LKR) ืœื™ื•ื ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืงื˜ื’ื•ืจื™ื” ื–ื•.

ื™ื•ืงืจื”: ื”ืชืคื ืงื• ื‘ื”ืจืคืชืงื” ื™ื•ืงืจืชื™ืช ื‘ืกืจื™ ืœื ืงื” ืขื ื”ืฉื›ืจืช ืจื›ื‘ ืคืจื™ืžื™ื•ื. ื”ืžื—ื™ืจื™ื ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื›ืœื™ ืจื›ื‘ ืืœื” ืžืชื—ื™ืœื™ื ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ื‘-$80 (14,400 LKR) ืื• ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœื™ื•ื.

ืคื•ืœื™ืกืช ื‘ื™ื˜ื•ื— ืจื›ื‘

ื‘ื™ื˜ื•ื— ืจื›ื‘ ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ื‘ืขืช ื”ืฉื›ืจืช ืจื›ื‘ ื‘ืกืจื™ ืœื ืงื” . ืœื”ืœืŸ ื”ื”ื™ื‘ื˜ื™ื ื”ืขื™ืงืจื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ืคื•ืœื™ืกื•ืช ื‘ื™ื˜ื•ื— ืจื›ื‘ ืœื”ืฉื›ืจื”:

ื•ื™ืชื•ืจ ืขืœ ื ื–ืงื™ ื”ืชื ื’ืฉื•ืช (CDW): ื–ื” ืžืงื˜ื™ืŸ ืืช ื”ื—ื‘ื•ืช ืฉืœืš ื‘ืžืงืจื” ืฉื”ืจื›ื‘ ื”ืฉื›ื•ืจ ื ื™ื–ื•ืง. ื–ื” ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ื›ืœื•ืœ ื‘ืžื—ื™ืจ ื”ื”ืฉื›ืจื” ืื‘ืœ ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืฉื“ืจื’ ืื•ืชื• ืœื›ื™ืกื•ื™ ื ื•ืกืฃ.

ื”ื’ื ื” ืžืคื ื™ ื’ื ื™ื‘ื”: ื–ื” ืžื›ืกื” ืืช ืขืœื•ืช ื”ืžื›ื•ื ื™ืช ืื ื”ื™ื ื ื’ื ื‘ืช. ื–ื” ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ื›ืœื•ืœ ื‘ื”ืกื›ื ื”ืฉื›ื™ืจื•ืช.

ื‘ื™ื˜ื•ื— ืื—ืจื™ื•ืช ืฆื“ ื’': ื–ื” ื—ื•ื‘ื” ื•ืžื›ืกื” ื ื–ืงื™ื ืœืฆื“ื“ื™ื ืฉืœื™ืฉื™ื™ื, ืœืจื‘ื•ืช ืคืฆื™ืขื•ืช ื•ื ื–ืงื™ ืจื›ื•ืฉ.

ื‘ื™ื˜ื•ื— ืชืื•ื ื•ืช ืื™ืฉื™ื•ืช: ืžืขื ื™ืง ื›ื™ืกื•ื™ ืœื”ื•ืฆืื•ืช ืจืคื•ืื™ื•ืช ื•ืงืฆื‘ืื•ืช ืžื•ื•ืช ืžืชืื•ื ื” ืœื ื”ื’ื™ื ื•ืœื ื•ืกืขื™ื.

ืœืคื ื™ ืจื›ื™ืฉืช ืคื•ืœื™ืกื”, ืฉืงื•ืœ ืืช ื—ื‘ืจื•ืช ื‘ื™ื˜ื•ื— ื”ืจื›ื‘ ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืกืจื™ ืœื ืงื” :

  • ืชืื’ื™ื“ ื”ื‘ื™ื˜ื•ื— ืฉืœ ืกืจื™ ืœื ืงื”
  • ืกื™ืœื™ื ืงื• ื‘ื™ื˜ื•ื— ื›ืœืœื™
  • ื‘ื™ื˜ื•ื— ื’'ื ืืฉืืงื˜ื™
  • ืื™ื’ื•ื“ ืื‘ื˜ื—ืช
  • ืืœื™ืื ืฅ ื‘ื™ื˜ื•ื— ืœื ืงื”

ืขื ืื™ืฉื•ืจ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™, ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœืคืชื•ื— ืืช ื”ืฉืขืจ ืœืคืœืื™ื ื”ื ืกืชืจื™ื ืฉืœ ืกืจื™ ืœื ืงื” ื‘ืืกื™ื”. ืœืื—ืจ ื—ืงื™ืจืช ื”ืžืœื•ื ื•ืช ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืกืจื™ ืœื ืงื” , ื”ื’ื™ืข ื”ื–ืžืŸ ืœื”ื–ืžื™ืŸ ืืช ื”ืฉื›ืจืช ื”ืจื›ื‘ ืฉืœืš. ื‘ืจื’ืข ืฉืชื‘ืงืจื• ื‘ืกืจื™ ืœื ืงื”, ืกื‘ื™ืจ ืœื”ื ื™ื— ืฉืชืจืฆื• ืœื—ื–ื•ืจ ืœื”ืจืคืชืงืื•ืช ื ื•ืกืคื•ืช!

ืงื‘ืœ ืืช ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืฉืœืš ืชื•ืš ืฉืขืชื™ื™ื

ืื™ืฉื•ืจ ืžื™ื™ื“ื™

ืชืงืฃ ืœ-1-3 ืฉื ื™ื

ืžืฉืœื•ื— ืืงืกืคืจืก ืœื›ืœ ื”ืขื•ืœื

ื—ื–ืจื” ืœืžืขืœื”