Travel Passport

ืžื“ื•ืข ืœืงื—ืช IDP ื‘ื–ืžืŸ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ืขื•ืžืืŸ?

ื”-IDP ืฉืœืš ื”ื•ื ืกื•ื’ ื–ื™ื”ื•ื™ ืชืงืฃ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืž -150 ืžื“ื™ื ื•ืช ื‘ืจื—ื‘ื™ ื”ืขื•ืœื ื•ืžื›ื™ืœ ืืช ืฉืžืš, ืชืžื•ื ื” ื•ืžื ื”ืœื™ ื”ื”ืชืงืŸ ืฉืœืš ื‘ 12 ื”ืฉืคื•ืช ื”ืžื“ื•ื‘ืจื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืขื•ืœื - ื–ื” ืžื•ื‘ืŸ ืœืจื•ื‘ ื”ืคืงื™ื“ื™ื ื•ื”ืจืฉื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ื•ืช ื‘ืžื“ื™ื ื•ืช ื‘ื”ืŸ ืืชื” ืžื‘ืงืจ. .

ื–ื” ืžืชืจื’ื ืืช ืคืจื˜ื™ ื”ื–ื™ื”ื•ื™ ืฉืœืš ืœ -12 ืฉืคื•ืช - ื›ืš ืฉื”ื•ื ืžื“ื‘ืจ ื‘ืฉืคื” ื’ื ืื ืœื. ืขื•ืžืืŸ ืžืžืœื™ืฅ ื‘ื—ื•ื ืขืœ ืื™ืฉื•ืจ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™.

ื”ืคืขืœ ืืช ื”ื™ื™ืฉื•ื ืฉืœื™
Police checking drivers International Drivers Permit

ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืœืงื‘ืœ IDP ืฉืœืš

ื”ืฆืœื—ื ื• ืœืžืžืฉ ืืช ืชื”ืœื™ืš ื”ื™ื™ืฉื•ื ืขืœ-ื™ื“ื™ ื™ืฆื™ืจืช ืคืœื˜ืคื•ืจืžื” ื”ืžื“ืจื™ื›ื” ืื•ืชืš ื›ืš ืฉืืชื” ื™ื•ื“ืข ื‘ื“ื™ื•ืง ืžื” ืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืฉืœื™ื ื‘ื”ืฆืœื—ื” ืืช ื”ื™ื™ืฉื•ื

IDA Application

1. ื”ื’ืฉ ื‘ืงืฉื” ืžืงื•ื•ื ืช

ื”ืชื—ื™ืœื• ืืช ื‘ืงืฉืชื›ื ืœืงื‘ืœืช ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™.

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2. ื”ืขืœืืช ืชืžื•ื ื•ืช

ื”ืงืคื“ ืœื”ืขืœื•ืช ืชืžื•ื ื” ืžืขื•ื“ื›ื ืช ื•ืขื ื”ืคืจืžื˜ืจื™ื ื”ื ื›ื•ื ื™ื.

Guaranteed satisfaction

3. ืงื‘ืœ ืื™ืฉื•ืจ

ื”ืžืชืŸ ืœืื™ืฉื•ืจ ืฉืœืš ื•ืืชื” ืžื•ื›ืŸ ืœืœื›ืช!

ื”ืคืขืœ ืืช ื”ื™ื™ืฉื•ื ืฉืœื™
5 star rating by Mile Wessels
5 star rating by Mile Wessels
5-start rating Trustpilot

ืžื”ื™ืจ, ืงืœ ื•ืžืงืฆื•ืขื™

ืžื™ื™ืง ื•ื•ืกืœืก, ืืจืฆื•ืช ื”ื‘ืจื™ืช

Verified Iconืœืงื•ื— ืžืื•ืžืช

ื›ืฉื ื•ื“ืข ืœื™ ืฉืืฆื˜ืจืš ืœื”ืฆื™ื’ ืื™ืฉื•ืจ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ื‘ื”ืชืจืื” ืงืฆืจื”, ืœื ื”ื™ื™ืชื™ ื‘ื˜ื•ื— ื›ืžื” ืฆืจื•ืช ื™ื”ื™ื• ื•ื”ืื ื–ื” ืืคื™ืœื• ื™ืชืืคืฉืจ. ืื– ืคื ื™ืชื™ ืœืืชืจ ื”ืื™ื ื˜ืจื ื˜ ืฉืœ ืื™ื’ื•ื“ ื”ื ื”ื’ื™ื ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™, ืฉื ื”ื™ื” ืงืœ ืžืื•ื“ ืœืขืงื•ื‘ ืื—ืจ ื”ืชื”ืœื™ืš. ืฉืžื—ืชื™ ืœืงื‘ืœ ืืช ื”ืื™ืฉื•ืจ ืฉืœื™ ืชื•ืš 15 ื“ืงื•ืช! ืื ื™ ืžืžืœื™ืฅ ื‘ื—ื•ื ืขืœ ืฉื™ืจื•ืช ื–ื”.

ืžื”ื™ืžื ื™ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืืœืคื™ ืœืงื•ื—ื•ืช ืž

  • ืื™ื’ื•ื“ ื”ื ื”ื’ื™ื ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™
  • ืื™ื’ื•ื“ ื”ื ื”ื’ื™ื ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™
  • ืื™ื’ื•ื“ ื”ื ื”ื’ื™ื ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™
  • ืื™ื’ื•ื“ ื”ื ื”ื’ื™ื ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™
  • ืื™ื’ื•ื“ ื”ื ื”ื’ื™ื ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™
  • ืื™ื’ื•ื“ ื”ื ื”ื’ื™ื ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™

ื ื—ืฉื‘ ืœืื—ืช ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื•ืช ื”ื‘ื˜ื•ื—ื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ, ืขื•ืžืืŸ ืžืงื‘ืœ ืื˜ ืื˜ ืืช ืชืฉื•ืžืช ืœื™ื‘ื ืฉืœ ื”ืžื˜ื™ื™ืœื™ื. ืœื ืจืง ืžื”ืžื“ื™ื ื•ืช ื”ืฉื›ื ื•ืช ืืœื ื’ื ืžื™ื‘ืฉื•ืช ืื—ืจื•ืช. ื ืกื™ืขื” ืœื›ืืŸ ืชื”ื™ื” ืฉื•ื•ื” ืืช ื”ื–ืžืŸ ืฉืœืš, ืžื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ืฉื›ื‘ื™ืฉื™ื ื•ื›ื‘ื™ืฉื™ื ืžื”ื™ืจื™ื ื ื‘ื ื™ื ืœืชื—ื‘ื•ืจื” ืžื”ื™ืจื” ื™ื•ืชืจ. ืจืง ืฉื™ืžื• ืœื‘ ืœื’ืžืœื™ื ื•ืœืขื–ื™ื ืฉื—ื•ืฆื•ืช ืืช ื”ืจื—ื•ื‘ื•ืช ื›ืฉืืชื ืขื•ื‘ืจื™ื ื‘ื“ืจื›ื™ื ื›ืคืจื™ื•ืช.

ื”ื™ืขื“ื™ื ื”ืžื•ื‘ื™ืœื™ื ื‘ืขื•ืžืืŸ

ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœืจืื•ืช ืืจื›ื™ื˜ืงื˜ื•ืจื•ืช ืฉื•ื ื•ืช ื‘ืขื•ืžืืŸ, ื”ื—ืœ ืžืžื‘ื ื™ื ืžื•ื“ืจื ื™ื™ื ื•ืขื“ ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื™ื, ืžืกื’ื“ื™ื ื•ืืคื™ืœื• ืจื›ืกื™ ื”ืจื™ื. ืžืœื‘ื“ ื”ืžื“ื‘ืจ ืฉืœื•, ื”ื•ื ื’ื ืžืงื“ื ืชื™ื™ืจื•ืช ืืงื•ืœื•ื’ื™ืช ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื™ืฆื™ืจืช ืฉืžื•ืจื” ืœืื•ื›ืœื•ืกื™ื™ืช ืฆื‘ื™ ื”ื™ื ื‘ืื•ืงื™ืื ื•ืก ื”ื”ื•ื“ื™. ื‘ืงืจ ื‘ืงื”ื™ืœื” ื ื™ื ื•ื—ื” ื‘ืขื•ืžืืŸ ื‘ื” ืชื•ื›ืœ ืœืฉื”ื•ืช ื‘ื‘ืชื™ ืื‘ืŸ.

ื”ืžืกื’ื“ ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ ืฉืœ ื”ืกื•ืœื˜ืŸ ืงื‘ื•ืก

ื”ืชื—ืœ ืืช ื”ื˜ื™ื•ืœ ืฉืœืš ื‘ืžื•ืกืงืื˜, ืฉื ื”ืžื˜ื™ื™ืœื™ื ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ื ื•ื—ืชื™ื ื‘ืฉื“ื” ื”ืชืขื•ืคื” ืฉืœื”. ื™ืฉ ื›ืœ ื›ืš ื”ืจื‘ื” ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ืฉืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืขืฉื•ืช ื‘ืขื™ืจ ื”ื‘ื™ืจื” ืœืคื ื™ ืฉืืชื” ื ื•ืกืข ื‘ื“ืจื›ื™ื ืฉืงื˜ื•ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ. ื”ื™ื• ืขื“ื™ื ืœืืจื›ื™ื˜ืงื˜ื•ืจื” ืฉืœ ื”ืžืกื’ื“ื™ื ื‘ืžื•ืกืงื˜. ื”ืžืกื’ื“ ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ ืฉืœ ื”ืกื•ืœื˜ืืŸ ืงื‘ื•ืก ืคืชื•ื— ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืื ืฉื™ื ืฉืื™ื ื ืžื•ืกืœืžื™ื. ื”ืชืคืขืœื• ืžื”ื ื‘ืจืฉืช ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื” ื‘ืขื•ืœื, ืฉื˜ื™ื— ืคืจืกื™ ืฉื”ื•ื ืื—ื“ ืžืชื›ื•ื ื•ืช ื”ืคื ื™ื ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื•ืช ื‘ืขื•ืœื ื•ืื—ืจื•ืช.

ื”ื•ื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื›ื™ืœ ื› -20,000 ืื™ืฉ. ืžื˜ื™ื™ืœื™ื ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ื‘ืžืงื•ื ื–ื” ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ื‘ืฉืขื•ืช ื”ื‘ื•ืงืจ ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืฉืขื•ืช 8: 00-11: 00. ื”ืžืกื’ื“ ื›ื›ืœ ื”ื ืจืื” ืกื’ื•ืจ ื‘ื™ืžื™ ืฉื™ืฉื™ ืœืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ื‘ื’ืœืœ ืชืคื™ืœื•ืช ื™ื•ื ื”ืฉื™ืฉื™ ื”ืฉื‘ื•ืขื™ื•ืช ืฉืœื•. ื•ืœืคื ื™ ืฉืขื–ื‘ืช ืืช ืžื•ืกืงื˜, ื”ื™ื™ ืขื“ื” ืœื™ื•ืคื™ื• ืฉืœ ื”ืืจืžื•ืŸ ื”ืžืœื›ื•ืชื™ ืงืกืจ ืขืœ ืขืœื. ื–ื”, ืœืขื•ืžืช ื–ืืช, ืกื’ื•ืจ ืœืžื˜ื™ื™ืœื™ื, ืื‘ืœ ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืœื›ืช ืœื ืžืœ ื›ื“ื™ ืœืจืื•ืช ืืช ื™ื•ืคื™ื•. ื”ืžื‘ืฆืจื™ื ื”ืชืื•ืžื™ื ืืœ ื’'ืœืืœื™ ื•ืืœ ืžื™ืจืื ื™ ื”ืขื•ืžื“ื™ื ื›ืฉื•ืžืจื™ื ืขืœ ื”ืืจืžื•ืŸ ืžื˜ื•ืคื—ื™ื ื‘ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ื•ืคืชื•ื—ื™ื ืœื›ื•ืœื.

ื”ื•ืจืื•ืช ื ืกื™ืขื”:

  • ื–ื” ื™ื™ืงื— ืœืš ืจืง ืฉืชื™ื ืขืฉืจื” ื“ืงื•ืช ืœื ืกื•ืข ืžืฉื“ื” ื”ืชืขื•ืคื” ืœื™ืขื“ ืฉืœืš.
  • ืกืข ื“ืจื•ืžื”
  • ืฉืžื•ืจ ื™ืžื™ื ื”
  • ืžืขื˜ ืฉืžืืœื”
  • ื”ืชืžื–ื’ ืขื ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ 1
  • ืฆื ื‘ื™ืฆื™ืื”
  • ืคื ื” ื™ืžื™ื ื”
  • ื”ื™ืขื“ ื™ื”ื™ื” ืžืฉืžืืœ.

ื“ืื’ื• ืฉื™ื”ื™ื• ืื™ืชื›ื ื”ืžืกืžื›ื™ื ื”ื“ืจื•ืฉื™ื. ืžื”ื•ื•ื™ื–ื”, ื”ื“ืจื›ื•ืŸ, ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื•ื”ื™ืชืจ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ (IDP). IDP ื”ื•ื ื”ืชืจื’ื•ื ืฉืœ ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ ืฉืœืš. ื”ื™ืชืจ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืฉืœืš ื‘ืขื•ืžืืŸ ื™ื”ื™ื” ืื—ืช ื”ื“ืจื™ืฉื•ืช ืœื”ืฉื›ืจืช ืจื›ื‘, ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืื ื”ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ืฉืœืš ืื™ื ื• ื‘ืืœืฃ-ื‘ื™ืช ื”ืจื•ืžื™ ืื• ื”ืขืจื‘ื™.

ืงื‘ืœืช ืื™ืฉื•ืจ ื ื”ื’ ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืœื ืกื™ืขื” ืฉืœืš ื‘ืขื•ืžืืŸ ืื™ื ื” ื–ืงื•ืงื” ืœื”ืกืžื›ื”. ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืืคื™ืœื• ืœื”ื’ื™ืฉ ื‘ืงืฉื” ืžืงื•ื•ื ืช ื•ืœืขื‘ื“ ืื•ืชื” ืชื•ืš ื›ืžื” ืฉืขื•ืช. ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื‘ื˜ื™ื— ืื™ืฉื•ืจ ื ื”ื’ ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืœืคื ื™ ืฉืืชื” ื ื•ืกืข ืœืขื•ืžืืŸ, ืขื™ื™ืŸ ื‘ื“ืฃ ื”ื™ื™ืฉื•ื ืฉืœ ื”ืืชืจ ืฉืœื ื•.

ื•ืื“ื™ ื‘ื ื™ ื—ืืœื™ื“

ื•ืื“ื™ ื‘ื ื™ ื—'ืืœื™ื“ ื™ื•ืฉื‘ ื‘ืื–ื•ืจ ื”ืžื–ืจื—ื™ ืฉืœ ืขื•ืžืืŸ. ืขื ื”ืžื™ื ื”ืื–ืžืจื’ื“ื™ื™ื ื•ื“ืžื•ื™ื™ ื”ื˜ื•ืจืงื™ื–, ื”ืžื˜ื™ื™ืœื™ื ื‘ื•ื•ื“ืื™ ืœื ื™ื—ืžื™ืฆื• ืืช ื”ื™ืขื“ ื”ื–ื”. ื•ืื“ื™ ื”ื•ื ื ืงื™ืง ืฆืจ ื•ืืจื•ืš ืฉืžื ื—ื” ืžื™ื ืžื”ื”ืจื™ื ืœืฉืคืœื”. ื™ืฉ ื”ืžื›ื ื™ื ื–ืืช ื ื•ื•ื” ืžื“ื‘ืจ ื‘ืžื“ื‘ืจ. ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ื‘ืจื™ื›ื•ืช ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื•ืช ืœืงื˜ื ื•ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ. ืจืง ื”ื™ื–ื”ืจ ืขื ื”ืกืœืขื™ื ื”ื—ืœืงืœืงื™ื ื‘ืขืช ื”ืœื™ื›ื” ื‘ื‘ืจื™ื›ื•ืช ืฉื•ื ื•ืช.

ื”ื–ืžืŸ ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœื‘ืงืจ ื‘ื•ืื“ื™ ื‘ื ื™ ื—'ืืœื™ื“ ื”ื•ื ืžื™ื ื•ืืจ ืขื“ ืžืจืฅ. ื‘ื—ื•ื“ืฉ ื–ื” ื”ืฉื ื” ื™ืฉ ื˜ืžืคืจื˜ื•ืจื” ืžื™ื ื™ืžืœื™ืช ืžืžื•ืฆืขืช ืฉืœ 8 ืžืขืœื•ืช ืฆืœื–ื™ื•ืก, ื•ืื™ืœื• ืฉื™ืื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืขื“ 30 ืžืขืœื•ืช ืฆืœื–ื™ื•ืก. ืขื“ื™ืฃ ืœื‘ืงืจ ื›ืืŸ ื›ืฉื”ืฉืžืฉ ื‘ื—ื•ืฅ, ื›ื“ื™ ืฉืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœื”ืขืจื™ืš ืืช ืฆื‘ืขื™ ื”ืžื™ื.

ื”ื•ืจืื•ืช ื ืกื™ืขื”:

  • ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื ืกื•ืข ืžืžื•ืกืงื˜ ืœื•ื•ืื“ื™ ื‘ื ื™ ื—'ืืœื™ื“ ืœืžืฉืš ืฉืขืชื™ื™ื ื•- 27 ื“ืงื•ืช.
  • ืกืข ืžื›ื‘ื™ืฉ 15 ื•ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ 23 ืขื“ ื ืคืช ืฉืจืงื™ื”
  • ืกืข ืœื™ืขื“ ืฉืœืš
  • ืžืขื˜ ืฉืžืืœื”
  • ืคื•ื ื” ืฉืžืืœื”

ืขืœื™ืš ืœื”ื›ื™ืŸ ืืช ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ืฉืœืš ื•ืืช ื”ืชืžื•ื ื” ื‘ื’ื•ื“ืœ ื”ื“ืจื›ื•ืŸ ืฉืœืš ื›ื“ืจื™ืฉื•ืช ืœื”ื™ืชืจ ื”ื ื”ื’ ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืฉืœืš ื‘ืขื•ืžืืŸ. ื™ื™ืงื— ืœืš ืฉืขืชื™ื™ื ืœืงื‘ืœ ืืช ื”ืขื•ืชืง ื”ื“ื™ื’ื™ื˜ืœื™ ืฉืœ ื”- IDP ืฉืœืš, ื•ื”ืขื•ืชืง ื”ืคื™ื–ื™ ืฉืœื• ื™ื™ืฉืœื— ืžื™ื“ ืœืžื™ืงื•ื ืฉืœืš. ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœืžืœื ืžื™ื“ืข ืื™ืฉื™ ื‘ืืชืจ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืžืฉื™ืš ื‘ื‘ืงืฉืช ื”ืื™ืฉื•ืจ ืœื ื”ื’ ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืœื˜ื™ื•ืœื›ื ื‘ืื•ืžืŸ.

ื”ื”ืกืžื›ื” ื”ื™ื—ื™ื“ื” ืœืงื‘ืœืช ืื™ืฉื•ืจ ื ื”ื’ ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืœื™ื™ืฉื•ื ืขื•ืžืืŸ ื”ื™ื ื›ืืฉืจ ืืชื ืžืชื›ื ื ื™ื ืœื ืกื•ืข ื‘ืขื•ืžืืŸ ืื• ื‘ืžืงื•ื ืื—ืจ. ืื™ืฉื•ืจ ื”ื ื”ื’ ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืฉืœืš ื‘ืขื•ืžืืŸ ืื•ืœื™ ืื™ื ื• ื”ื›ืจื—ื™ ื›ืฉืืชื” ื ื•ื”ื’, ืืš ื”ื•ื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉื™ ืื ื‘ืจืฆื•ื ืš ืœื—ืฆื•ืช ื’ื‘ื•ืœื•ืช ืื• ื›ืืฉืจ ืžื›ื•ื ื™ื•ืช ืฉื›ื•ืจื•ืช ืžืกื•ื™ืžื•ืช ืขืฉื•ื™ื•ืช ืœื‘ืงืฉ ื–ืืช. ืขื“ื™ืฃ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžื•ื›ื ื™ื ืžืืฉืจ ืœื”ืฆื˜ืขืจ.

ื ื™ื–ื•ื•ื”

ืื ืื ื—ื ื• ืžื“ื‘ืจื™ื ืขืœ ื”ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ืฉืœ ืขื•ืžืืŸ, ืื– ืœืขื•ืœื ืืœ ืชืขื–ื•ื‘ ืืช ืขื•ืžืืŸ ืžื‘ืœื™ ืœื‘ืงืจ ื‘ื ื™ื–ื•ื•ื”. ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ืžืื•ืช ื” -6 ื•ื” -7, ื”ืขื™ืจ ื ื™ื–ื•ื•ื” ืฉื™ืžืฉื” ื›ื‘ื™ืจืช ืขื•ืžืืŸ. ืžืขืจื™ื›ื™ื ืืช ื™ื•ืคื™ื• ืฉืœ ื”ืžื‘ืฆืจ ืฉืœ ื ื™ื–ื•ื•ื”, ืฉื”ื•ืงื ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ืžืื” ื” -17 ืชื—ืช ื”ืกื•ืœื˜ืืŸ ื‘ืŸ ืกื™ื™ืฃ ืืœ-ืขืจื™ื‘ื™. ื”ืžื’ื“ืœ ื”ื’ืœื™ืœื™ ืฉืœื• ืžื“ื’ื™ืฉ ืืช ื”ื”ื’ื ื” ืฉื‘ื” ืžืœื›ื•ื“ื•ืช ื“ื‘ืฉ, ืžืขื‘ืจื™ื ืชืช-ืงืจืงืขื™ื™ื, ื—ื“ืจื™ื ื ืกืชืจื™ื, ื—ื“ืจื™ ืžื“ืจื’ื•ืช ื•ื’ื’ื•ืช ืฉื˜ื•ื—ื™ื.

ื”ืžืฉืš ืœื’ืœื•ืช ืืช ื ื™ื–ื•ื•ื” ื“ืจืš ื”ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ ืฉืœื”. ืฆืื• ืœืกื•ืง ืงื ื™ื•ืช ืื• ืฉื•ืง ื—ื•ืฆื•ืช, ื”ืžืคื•ืจืกื ื‘ื–ื›ื•ืช ื”ืฆื•ืจืคื™ื ื•ืฉื•ืง ื”ืขื™ื–ื™ื ื”ื–ืžื™ืŸ ื™ื•ืžื™ื™ื ื‘ืฉื‘ื•ืข. ืœืงื‘ืœืช ื”ื—ื•ื•ื™ื” ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ื ื™ื–ื•ื•ื”, ืชื•ื›ืœ ืœื‘ืงืจ ื‘ื›ืœ ืขืช ื‘ื™ืŸ ืกืคื˜ืžื‘ืจ ืœืžืืจืก. ืื ืืชื ืžืชื›ื ื ื™ื ืœื‘ืงืจ ื‘ื—ื•ื“ืฉ ืžืจืฅ, ืขืœื™ื›ื ืœื”ื–ืžื™ืŸ ืžืงื•ื ืžืจืืฉ ืžื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ืฉื–ื” ื”ื–ืžืŸ ื”ืขืžื•ืก ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืขื•ืžืืŸ.

ื”ื•ืจืื•ืช ื ืกื™ืขื”:

  • ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ืชื—ื™ืœ ืืช ื”ื ืกื™ืขื” ืฉืœืš ืžืžื•ืกืงื˜. ื–ืžืŸ ื”ื ืกื™ืขื” ืœื•ืงื— ื›ืฉืขื” ื• -32 ื“ืงื•ืช.
  • ืกืขื• ื‘ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ 15 ืœื›ื‘ื™ืฉ 31 ื‘ื ื™ื–ื•ื•ื”. ื™ืฆื™ืื” ืžื›ื‘ื™ืฉ 15
  • ืœื‘ืกื•ืฃ, ืขืงื•ื‘ ืื—ืจ ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ 31 ื•ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ 21 ืœื™ืขื“ืš.

ื“ืข ืฉืชืžื™ื“ ืชื•ื›ืœ ืœื”ื’ื™ืฉ ื‘ืงืฉื” ืœื”ื™ืชืจ ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืœื ื”ื’ ื‘ื›ืœ ืžืงื•ื ืฉืืชื” ื ืžืฆื, ื™ืชื›ืŸ ืฉื”ื•ื ื ืžืฆื ื‘ืขื•ืžืืŸ ืื• ื‘ืžื“ื™ื ืชืš. ืžื™ื“ืข ืื™ืฉื™ ืฉืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœืกืคืง ืœื”ื™ืชืจ ื”ื ื”ื’ ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืฉืœืš ืœืขื•ืžืืŸ ื”ื•ื ืฉืžืš, ื›ืชื•ื‘ืชืš, ืžืกืคืจ ืื™ืฉ ื”ืงืฉืจ ืฉืœืš, ื›ืชื•ื‘ืช ื”ื“ื•ื"ืœ ืฉืœืš. ืืœ ืชืฉื›ื— ืœื”ื–ื™ืŸ ื›ื”ืœื›ื” ืืช ื”ืžื™ืงื•ื“ ืฉืœ ื”ื›ืชื•ื‘ืช ืฉืœืš, ื›ืš ืฉื”ื™ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื”ื ื”ื’ ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืœืขื•ืžืืŸ ื™ื™ืฉืœื— ื›ืจืื•ื™.

ื”ื—ื•ืง ื‘ืขื•ืžืืŸ ื›ืจื•ืš ื‘ื™ื™ืฉื•ื ืงืคื“ื ื™ ืฉืœ ื›ืœืœื™ื ื•ืชืงื ื•ืช ืขืœ ื”ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ, ื›ื•ืœืœ ื‘ืขืœื•ืช ืžืกืžื›ื™ื ืžืœืื™ื ื›ืžื• ื”ื™ืชืจ ื”ื ื”ื’ ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™. ืื™ืฉื•ืจ ื”ื ื”ื’ ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืฉืœืš ื‘ืขื•ืžืืŸ ื™ื”ื™ื” ืื—ื“ ื”ื›ืจื˜ื™ืกื™ื ืฉืœืš ืœื‘ื™ืงื•ืจ ื‘ื›ืžื” ื™ืขื“ื™ื ื‘ืžื“ื™ื ื”. ืขื“ื™ืฃ ืœื”ืงืคื™ื“ ืขืœ ื—ื•ืงื™ ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื” ื›ื“ื™ ืœื ืœืกื›ืŸ ืืช ื”ื ืกื™ืขื” ืฉืœืš, ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ื‘ืขื•ืžืืŸ ืฉื”ื ืžืชื™ื™ื—ืกื™ื ื‘ืจืฆื™ื ื•ืช ืœื›ืœืœื™ื ื”ื‘ืื™ื.

ื‘ื”ืœื”

ืื“ืจื™ื›ืœื•ืช ื•ื›ืœื™ ื—ืจืก ื‘ืžืงื•ื ืื—ื“ ื”ื ืžื” ืฉื”ืขื™ืจ ื‘ื”ืœื” ื‘ืขื•ืžืืŸ ืชืฆื™ืข ืœืžื‘ืงืจื™ื”. ืžืžื•ืงื ื‘ื—ืœืงื” ื”ืฆืคื•ื ื™ ืฉืœ ืขื•ืžืืŸ, ื‘ื”ืœื” ื™ื“ื•ืขื” ื‘ืžื‘ืฆืจ ืฉืœื” ืฉื ื—ืฉื‘ ืœืื—ื“ ื”ืขืชื™ืงื™ื ืฉื‘ื”. ื ื‘ื ื” ื‘ืžืื” ื” -13, ืžื‘ืฆืจ ื‘ื”ืœื” ืขืฉื•ื™ ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ืžืœื‘ื ื™ ื‘ื•ืฅ. ื‘ืจืืฉ ื”ื›ืœ, ื–ื”ื• ืืชืจ ืžื•ืจืฉืช ืขื•ืœืžื™ืช ืฉืœ ืื•ื ืกืง"ื•.

ื”ืขื™ืจ ื‘ื”ืœื” ืžืฆื™ื’ื” ื’ื ืžื‘ื—ืจ ืขืฆื•ื ืฉืœ ื›ืœื™ ื—ืจืก ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื. ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช ื—ืจืก ืžืกื•ืจืชื™ื•ืช ื›ืืŸ ืื™ื ืŸ ื ื”ื•ื’ื•ืช ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืจื‘ื™ื ื‘ื’ืœืœ ื”ื˜ื›ื ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื” ื”ืžื•ื“ืจื ื™ืช. ื›ืœ ืขื•ื“ ื–ื” ื ืžืฉืš, ื—ืงื•ืจ ืืช ื”ืฉืœื‘ื™ื ื”ืฉื•ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ื›ืœื™ ื—ืจืก ื‘ื‘ืœื”. ืžืงื•ืจ ื”ื—ืจืก ืœื›ืœื™ ื”ื—ืจืก ืฉืœื”ื ื”ื•ื ืžื”ื•ื•ืื“ื™ ืื• ืžืขืจืช ื”ื ื”ืจ. ื”ื–ืžื ื™ื ื”ืžื•ืžืœืฆื™ื ืœื‘ื™ืงื•ืจ ื‘ื”ืœื” ื”ื ื‘ื—ื•ื“ืฉื™ ื”ื—ื•ืจืฃ ืกืคื˜ืžื‘ืจ ืขื“ ืžืจืฅ. ืขื ื–ืืช, ืชืžื™ื“ ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœื‘ืงืจ ื‘ื›ืš ื‘ืงื™ืฅ ืื ืชืจืฆื• ื‘ื›ืš.

ื”ื•ืจืื•ืช ื ืกื™ืขื”:

  • ื‘ื”ืœื” ื ืžืฆืืช ืจืง 35 ื“ืงื•ืช ืžื ื™ื–ื•ื•ื”.
  • ืขืœื• ืขืœ ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ 15 ืžื›ื‘ื™ืฉ 21 ื•ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ 31.
  • ื”ืžืฉืš ื‘ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ 15 ืขื“ ื‘ื”ืœื”. ื™ืฆื™ืื” ืžื›ื‘ื™ืฉ 15.
  • ืœื‘ืกื•ืฃ, ืกืข ืœื™ืขื“ืš.

ืœืื—ืจ ืฉืชืกื™ื™ื ืœืขื‘ื“ ืืช ื‘ืงืฉืชืš ืœืฆื”"ืœ ืฉืœืš, ื™ื™ื“ืจืฉื• ื›ืฉืขืชื™ื™ื ืœื‘ื“ื™ืงื” ื•ืœืื™ืฉื•ืจ. ื‘ืžืงื‘ื™ืœ, ืชืงื‘ืœื• ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ื“ื•ืืจ ืืœืงื˜ืจื•ื ื™ ืขื“ื›ื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ื”ืขื•ืชืง ื”ื“ื™ื’ื™ื˜ืœื™ ืฉืœ ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืฉืœื›ื ืœืขื•ืžืืŸ. ืฆื™ืจ ื”ื–ืžืŸ ืœืžืฉืœื•ื— ื”ืขื•ืชืง ื”ืคื™ื–ื™ ืฉืœ IDP ืชืœื•ื™ ื‘ืžื™ืงื•ื ืฉืœืš. ืื ืืชื” ื’ืจ ื‘ืืจืฆื•ืช ื”ื‘ืจื™ืช, ื–ื” ื™ื™ืงื— 7-15 ื™ื•ื ื• -30 ื™ื•ื ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ืช.

ืžืชืŸ ื”ื›ืชื•ื‘ืช ื•ื”ืžื™ืงื•ื“ ื”ื ื›ื•ื ื™ื ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื‘ืงืฉืช ื”ืื™ืฉื•ืจ ืœื ื”ื’ ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืฉืœืš ืœืขื•ืžืืŸ ืชืฉื—ืง ืชืคืงื™ื“ ืžืฉืžืขื•ืชื™ ื‘ืžื ื™ืขืช ืขื™ื›ื•ื‘ื™ื ื‘ืžืฉืœื•ื— ืฉืœืš. ืขื“ื™ืฃ ืœื”ื’ื™ืฉ ื‘ืงืฉื” ืœื™ืžื™ ืฆื”"ืœ ืื• ืฉื‘ื•ืขื•ืช ืœืคื ื™ ืฉืืชื” ื ื•ืกืข ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžื•ื›ืŸ ืขื ื”ืžืกืžื›ื™ื ืฉืœืš ืžื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ืฉืœืžื“ื™ื ื•ืช ื™ืฉ ื—ื•ืงื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื. ื”ื›ืŸ ืืช ื”ืžืกืžื›ื™ื ืฉืœืš ื›ืžื• ืื™ืฉื•ืจ ื ื”ื’ ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืžื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ืฉืื›ื™ืคืช ื”ื—ื•ืง ื‘ืขื•ืžืืŸ ืœื ืชืกื‘ื•ืœ ืืช ืžื™ ืฉืžืคืจ ืืช ื—ื•ืงื™ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ืžื“ื™ื ื”.

ื—ื•ืœื•ืช ืฉืจืงื™ื™ื”

ื›ืœ ืžื“ื‘ืจ ื”ื•ื ื—ื•ื‘ื” ืœื‘ืงืจ ื›ืฉื ื•ืกืขื™ื ืœืžื“ื™ื ื•ืช ื‘ืžื–ืจื— ื”ืชื™ื›ื•ืŸ. ื—ื•ื•ื” ืืช ื—ื™ื™ื”ื ืฉืœ ืื ืฉื™ ื”ื‘ื“ื•ืื™ื ื›ืืŸ ืื ื‘ืจืฆื•ื ืš ืœื—ื–ื•ืช ื‘ื—ื™ื™ื ื”ืขื•ืžื ื™ื™ื ื”ืื•ืชื ื˜ื™ื™ื ื•ื”ืžืกื•ืจืชื™ื™ื. ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœื—ื•ื•ืช ื”ืชื ืฉืคื•ืช ื‘ื“ื™ื•ื ื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ื, ืœืฆืคื•ืช ื‘ืฉืงื™ืขื” ืืœ ื’ืœื™ ื”ื–ื”ื‘ ืฉืœ ื”ื—ื•ืœ, ื•ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ืœื™ืœื” ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœื—ื ื•ืช ื•ืœื™ืฉื•ืŸ ืžืชื—ืช ืœืืœืคื™ ื›ื•ื›ื‘ื™ื.

ืขื“ื™ืฃ ืœื‘ืงืจ ื›ืืŸ ื‘ื—ื•ื“ืฉื™ ื”ื—ื•ืจืฃ ืžืื•ืงื˜ื•ื‘ืจ ืขื“ ืžืจืฅ ื›ืฉืžื–ื’ ื”ืื•ื•ื™ืจ ืงืจ. ื‘ืžื“ื‘ืจ, ื”ืงื™ืฅ ื”ื•ื ืืชื’ืจ ืœื ืงื˜ืŸ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื›ืœ ืื—ื“ ืžื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ืฉื”ื˜ืžืคืจื˜ื•ืจื” ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœื˜ืคืก ืขื“ 50 ืžืขืœื•ืช ืฆืœื–ื™ื•ืก. ืฆืคื•ื™ ืฉืžื“ื‘ืจื™ื•ืช ืขืœื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืฆื•ืจื‘ื™ื ื•ืžื™ื•ื–ืขื™ื ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื—ื•ื“ืฉื™ ื”ืงื™ืฅ.

ื”ื•ืจืื•ืช ื ืกื™ืขื”:

  • ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ืชื—ื™ืœ ืืช ื”ื˜ื™ื•ืœ ืžืžื•ืกืงื˜. ื–ืžืŸ ื”ื ืกื™ืขื” ื”ื•ื ื›ืฉืขืชื™ื™ื ื•ืขืฉืจ ื“ืงื•ืช.
  • ืกืข ืžื›ื‘ื™ืฉ 1, ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ 15, ื•ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ 23 ืœืืœ ื•ื•ืกื™ืœ
  • ืกืข ืœื™ืขื“ ืฉืœืš

ืื ืืชื ืžืชื›ื ื ื™ื ืœืงื‘ืœ ืขื“ื›ื•ืŸ ืขืœ ื”ื™ืชืจ ื”ื ื”ื’ ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ื‘ืขื•ืžืืŸ, ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœื‘ืงืจ ื‘ืืชืจ ื•ืœื‘ืงืฉ ืกื™ื•ืข ืžืฉื™ืจื•ืช ื”ืœืงื•ื—ื•ืช. ื›ืœ ืขื•ื“ ืžืกืจืช ืืช ื”ืžื™ื“ืข ื”ื“ืจื•ืฉ ื‘ืขืช ื”ื‘ืงืฉื”, ืœื ืชื”ื™ื” ืœืš ืฉื•ื ื‘ืขื™ื” ื‘ืื™ืฉื•ืจ ื”ื ื”ื’ ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืฉืœืš ืœืขื•ืžืืŸ. ืœืื—ืจ ื™ื™ืฉื•ื ื”ืื™ืฉื•ืจ ื”ื ื”ื’ ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืฉืœืš ื‘ืขื•ืžืืŸ, ื”ืงืคื“ ืœืงื‘ืœ ืขื“ื›ื•ืŸ ืขืœ ืžืฆื‘ ื”ืžืฉืœื•ื— ืฉื•ื‘ ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ืฉื™ืจื•ืช ื”ืœืงื•ื—ื•ืช ืฉืœื ื•, ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื™ืžื ืข ืžื‘ืขื™ื•ืช ื‘ืžืกืœื•ืœ ื”ืžืกืœื•ืœ ืฉืœืš.

ื”ื—ืฉื™ื‘ื•ืช ืฉื™ืฉ ืœืื™ืฉื•ืจ ื ื”ื’ ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ื‘ืขื•ืžืืŸ ืœื ื”ื’ ื”ื™ื ืฉืžื•ื ืขืช ืžืžื ื• ืงื ืกื•ืช ืื• ืฆืจื•ืช ืœืžืฉืš ื”ื ืกื™ืขื”. ื”ืื™ืฉื•ืจ ืฉืœ ื”ื ื”ื’ ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืฉื‘ื• ืืชื” ืžืฉืชืžืฉ ืœืขื•ืžืืŸ ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืชืงืฃ ืœื ืกื™ืขื” ื”ื‘ืื” ืฉืœืš. ืจืง ื•ื•ื“ื ืฉืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืœื ืคื’ ืชื•ืงืฃ.

ื‘ื™ืžืžื” ืกื™ื ืงื•ืœ

ืขื•ืžืืŸ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื‘ื™ืช ืฉืœ ืžื™ื ื“ืžื•ื™ื™ ื˜ื•ืจืงื™ื–. ื‘ื•ืœืขืŸ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžื™ืœื” ืžืคื—ื™ื“ื”, ืืš ื‘ืขื•ืžืืŸ, ืชื™ื™ืจื™ื ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ืœืฉื—ื•ืช ื“ืจืš ืกื™ื ืงื•ืœ ื‘ื™ืžื”. ื™ืขื“ ื–ื” ื”ื•ื ื‘ื•ืœืขืŸ ืฉื”ืคืš ืœื‘ืจื™ื›ืช ืฉื—ื™ื™ื”, ืฉื ื”ื ืงื•ื“ื” ื”ืขืžื•ืงื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœื” ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœื”ื’ื™ืข 300 ืžื˜ืจ. ื”ื‘ื•ืœืขืŸ ื ื•ืฆืจ ื›ืืฉืจ ืื‘ื ื™ ื’ื™ืจ ื ืฉื—ืงื• ื•ื”ืชืžื•ื˜ื˜ื• ืขืœ ืขืฆืžืŸ. ืขื ื–ืืช, ืื’ื“ื•ืช ื˜ื•ืขื ื•ืช ืฉืžื˜ืื•ืจื™ื˜ ื™ืฆืจ ืืช ื–ื”.

ื”ืžื™ื ื‘ื˜ื•ื—ื™ื ืœืฉื—ื™ื™ื”. ื—ืœืงื, ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื, ื”ื™ื• ืงื•ืคืฆื™ื ืžืฉืคืช ื”ื‘ื•ืœืขืŸ. ืื ืืชื” ืžืกืคื™ืง ื‘ื˜ื•ื— ื‘ืขืฆืžื• ื•ืืชื” ืžื”ืกื•ื’ ื”ื”ืจืคืชืงื ื™, ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื ืกื•ืช ืœืงืคื•ืฅ ืžื”ื‘ื•ืœืขืŸ ื›ืืŸ. ื”ืฉืขื•ืช ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœืœื›ืช ื”ืŸ ื‘ืฉืขื•ืช ื”ื‘ื•ืงืจ ื”ืžื•ืงื“ืžื•ืช ื›ืฉื™ืฉ ืžืขื˜ ืื ืฉื™ื. ืชื™ื™ืจื™ื ื ื•ื˜ื™ื ืœื‘ืงืจ ื›ืืŸ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืจื•ื•ืช ืืช ืฆืžืื•ื ื ื•ืœื”ืฆื˜ื ืŸ ื‘ื™ื•ื ื—ื.

ื”ื•ืจืื•ืช ื ืกื™ืขื”:

  • ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื ืกื•ืข ืžืžื•ืกืงื˜ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืœื™ืขื“ ืฉืœืš.
  • ืกืขื• ื‘ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ 1 ืœื›ื‘ื™ืฉ 17 ื‘ืืœ ืขืžืจืื˜
  • ืขืงื•ื‘ ืื—ืจ ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ 17. ื™ืฆื™ืื” ืžื›ื‘ื™ืฉ 17
  • ืคื ื” ื™ืžื™ื ื”

ืื™ืฉื•ืจ ื ื”ื’ ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ื‘ืขืช ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ืขื•ืžืืŸ ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืœื ื”ื’. ืœืžืจื•ืช ืฉืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื ืกื•ืข ื‘ื›ื‘ื™ืฉื™ื ื”ืขื•ืžื ื™ื™ื ืขื ื”ืฆื”"ืœ ืฉืœืš, ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืžื•ืžืœืฅ ืœื”ืฉื™ื’ ื›ื–ื” ืื ื”ืžืฉื˜ืจื” ืชื‘ืงืฉ ื–ืืช. ืžื•ืชืจ ืœื ื”ื•ื’ ืœืœื ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ื‘ืขื•ืžืืŸ, ืœืžืกืคืจ ืžืจื‘ื™ ืฉืœ ืฉืœื•ืฉื” ื—ื•ื“ืฉื™ื. ืจืง ืฉื™ื ืœื‘ ืฉืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื”ืฉื™ื’ ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื ืกื•ืข ื‘ืขื•ืžืืŸ ืžืขื‘ืจ ืœืžื’ื‘ืœื” ื”ื ืชื•ื ื”.

ืื ืืชื” ืžื‘ื˜ื™ื— ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™, ื–ื” ืœื ืชืงืฃ ืจืง ื‘ืขื•ืžืืŸ. ื”ืชืื—ื“ื•ืช ื”ื ื”ื’ื™ื ื”ืคื ื™ืžื™ืช ืžื ืคื™ืงื” ืืช ื”- IDP ืฉืœืš ืฉืชืงืฃ ืœื™ื•ืชืจ ืž -150 ืžื“ื™ื ื•ืช ื‘ืจื—ื‘ื™ ื”ืขื•ืœื. ืื– ืื—ืจื™ ืฉืชืฉืชืžืฉื• ื‘ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืฉืœื›ื ื‘ืขื•ืžืืŸ, ื–ื” ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉื™ ืœื ืกื™ืขื” ื”ื‘ืื” ืฉืœื›ื ืžืขื‘ืจ ืœื™ื ื›ืœ ืขื•ื“ ื”ื•ื ืœื ืคื’ ืชื•ืงืคื•. ื‘ืžืงืจื” ืฉื”ื’ืขืช ืœืชื•ืงืฃ ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืฉืœืš ื‘ืขื•ืžืืŸ, ืขื“ื›ืŸ ืื•ืชื• ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื‘ื™ืฆื•ืข ืื•ืชื ืฆืขื“ื™ื ื›ืžื• ื‘ืคืขื ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื” ืฉื”ื’ืฉืช.

ื›ื“ื™ ืœืขื“ื›ืŸ ืืช ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ื‘ื• ื”ืฉืชืžืฉืช ื‘ืขื•ืžืืŸ, ืชื•ื›ืœ ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ืืช ืžืกืคืจ ื”ืฉื ื™ื ืฉืืชื” ืจื•ืฆื” ืฉื™ื”ื™ื” ื‘ืชื•ืงืฃ. ืื•ืœื™ ื ืจืื” ืฉื”ืฉื›ืจืช ืจื›ื‘ ืœื ืชื‘ืงืฉ ืืช ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืฉืœืš ื‘ืขื•ืžืืŸ ื•ืจืง ืืช ื”ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ืฉืœืš, ืื‘ืœ ื–ื” ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉื™ ืื ื™ืฉ ืœืš ืืช ืฉื ื™ื”ื ืœื–ื™ื”ื•ื™ ืžืœื. ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืชืงืฃ ื‘ืขื•ืžืืŸ, ืืš ื”ื•ื ืื™ื ื• ืืžื•ืจ ืœื”ื—ืœื™ืฃ ืืช ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ ืฉืœืš.

ืžื™ืกืคืช ืืœ ืื‘ืจื™ื™ืขืŸ

ืงื—ื• ื”ืคืกืงื” ืžื”ืขื™ืจ ื•ื”ืขืจื™ื›ื• ืืช ื”ืฉืงื˜ ื‘ื›ืคืจ ื”ืจืจื™ ื–ื” ื‘ืฆื“ ื”ื“ืจื•ืžื™-ืžืขืจื‘ื™ ืฉืœ ืืœ-ื—ื’'ืจ. ืžื™ืกืคืช ืืœ ืื‘ืจื™ื™ืขืŸ ื”ื•ื ื›ืคืจ ืื•ืžื ื™ ืžืกื•ืจืชื™ ื‘ื• ื‘ืชื™ื ื•ืžื‘ื ื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื ืขืฉื•ื™ื™ื ื‘ื•ืฅ ื•ืื‘ื ื™ื. ืžืจื—ื•ืง ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืจืื•ืช ื›ื™ ื‘ืชื™ ืื‘ืŸ ื”ื ื‘ืฆื‘ืขื™ื ื›ืชื•ื ื•ื—ื•ื.

ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœื”ื—ื ื•ืช ืืช ืจื›ื‘ื›ื ื‘ื‘ื˜ื—ื” ื•ืœืกื™ื™ืจ ื‘ื›ืคืจ ื‘ืจื’ืœื™ื™ื. ืขื•ื‘ืจื™ื ื‘ื ืชื™ื‘ื™ื ื”ืฆืจื™ื ื‘ืขื™ื™ืจื” ื•ืžืชืคืขืœื™ื ืžื”ื™ืจืง ื”ืฉื•ืคืข. ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœืœื•ืŸ ื›ืืŸ ื•ืœื™ื”ื ื•ืช ืžืืจื•ื—ื” ื‘ื™ืชื™ืช ืžืกื•ืจืชื™ืช ืฉืœ ืื•ืžื ื™. ืืœ ืชืฉื›ื— ืืช ื”ืงืคื”! ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืขืจื™ืš ืืช ื™ื•ืคื™ื• ืฉืœ ื›ืคืจ ื”ืจืจื™ ื–ื”, ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœื‘ืงืจ ื›ืืŸ ื‘ื—ื•ื“ืฉื™ ื”ืงื™ืฅ, ื‘ื™ืŸ ืืคืจื™ืœ ืœืกืคื˜ืžื‘ืจ.

ื”ื•ืจืื•ืช ื ืกื™ืขื”:

  • ืžื™ืกืคืช ืืœ ืื‘ืจื™ื™ืŸ ื ืžืฆืืช ื‘ืžืจื—ืง ืฉืœ 54 ื“ืงื•ืช ื‘ืœื‘ื“ ืžื ื™ื–ื•ื•ื”.
  • ื”ืžืฉืš ืœื›ื‘ื™ืฉ 21
  • ืขืงื•ื‘ ืื—ืจ ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ 21 ื•ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ ื‘ื”ืœื” ืืœ ื—ืžืจื” ืœืืœ ื—ืžืจื”
  • ืกืข ืœื™ืขื“ืš ื‘ืžื™ืกืคืช ืืœ ืื‘ืจื™ื™ืขืŸ

ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืฉืœืš ืœื˜ื™ื•ืœ ืฉืœืš ื‘ืขื•ืžืืŸ ื—ื™ื™ื‘ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื™ื—ื“ ืขื ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ืžืงื•ืžื™, ืฉื›ืŸ ื”ืจืฉื•ื™ื•ืช ืœื ื™ืืคืฉืจื• ืœืš ืœืฉื›ื•ืจ ื•ืœื ื”ื•ื’ ื‘ืจื›ื‘ ืื ื”ืื—ืจื•ืŸ ื—ืกืจ. IDP ืฉืœืš ื”ื•ื ืจืง ืชืจื’ื•ื ืฉืœ ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ ืฉืœืš, ื›ืš ืฉื”ืจืฉื•ื™ื•ืช ื™ื›ื•ืœื•ืช ืœื–ื”ื•ืช ืื•ืชืš ื ื›ื•ืŸ ืื ืืชื” ื ื•ื”ื’ ื‘ื“ืจืš ื–ืจื”. ืœืื—ืจ ื ืกื™ืขืชืš ืœืขื•ืžืืŸ, ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืฉืœืš ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืชืงืฃ ื‘ืžื“ื™ื ื•ืช ืื—ืจื•ืช.

ืžืœื‘ื“ ืขื•ืžืืŸ, ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืชืงืฃ ื’ื ื‘ืœืžืขืœื” ืž -100 ืžื“ื™ื ื•ืช, ื›ืš ืฉืœื ื™ื”ื™ื” ื‘ื–ื‘ื•ื– ื›ืกืฃ ืœื”ื‘ื˜ื™ื— ื›ืจื˜ื™ืก ืœื˜ื™ื•ืœ ืฉืœืš ื‘ืขื•ืžื ื™. ืื™ื ืš ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื‘ืงืจ ื‘ืฉื•ื ืžืฉืจื“ ื‘ืขื•ืžืืŸ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื’ื™ืฉ ืืช ื“ืจื™ืฉื•ืชื™ืš ืœืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™. ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืชื—ื™ืœ ืืช ื‘ืงืฉืช ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ืช ืฉืœืš ืœื˜ื™ื•ืœ ืฉืœืš ื‘ืขื•ืžืืŸ, ื‘ืงืจ ื‘ื“ืฃ ื”ื™ื™ืฉื•ื ื‘ืืชืจ ื”ืื™ื ื˜ืจื ื˜ ืฉืœื ื•.

ืจืืก ืืœ ื’'ื™ื ื–

ืจืืก ืืœ ื’'ื™ื ื– ื”ื•ื ืฉืžื•ืจืช ืฆื‘ื™ื ื‘ืงืฆื” ื”ืžื–ืจื—ื™ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ืขื•ืžืืŸ. ื›ืคืจ ื“ื™ื™ื’ื™ื ืงื˜ืŸ ื–ื” ื”ื•ื ืื–ื•ืจ ืžื•ื’ืŸ ื”ืžื›ื•ื ื” ืฉื˜ื—ื™ ืงื™ื ื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ืฆื‘ื™ื ื™ืจื•ืงื™ื ื‘ืกื›ื ืช ื”ื›ื—ื“ื”. ื‘ืฉื ืช 1996 ื”ืงื™ื ื”ืกื•ืœื˜ืืŸ ื”ืขื•ืžื ื™ ืืช ืžืจื›ื– ื”ืฆื‘ื™ื ืจืืก ืืœ ื’'ื™ื ืฅ ื›ื“ื™ ืœืคืงื— ืขืœ ืื‘ื˜ื—ืช ืฉื˜ื—ื™ ื”ืงื™ื ื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ืฆื‘ื™ ื”ื™ื ื‘ืื•ืงื™ืื ื•ืก ื”ื”ื•ื“ื™.

ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœืฉื”ื•ืช ื‘ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ืœื™ื ื” ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื ื•ืœื‘ืงืจ ื‘ืื˜ืจืงืฆื™ื•ืช ืื—ืจื•ืช ื›ืžื• ืžืจื›ื– ื”ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ื”ืฆื‘ื™ื ื•ื”ืžื•ื–ื™ืื•ืŸ. ืืœ ืชืขื–ื•ื‘ ืืช ืจืืก ืืœ ื’'ื™ื ืฅ ืžื‘ืœื™ ืœื—ื–ื•ืช ื‘ื•ื’ืจื•ืช ื”ืžื˜ื™ืœื•ืช ื‘ื™ืฆื™ื ื•ื‘ืงื™ืขื•ืช ื”ืžืคื ื•ืช ืืช ืžืงื•ืžืŸ ืœืจื›ื™ื‘ื” ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื” ืขืœ ืžื™ ืžืœื—. ื”ื–ืžืŸ ื”ืžืชืื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืœื›ืืŸ ื”ื•ื ื‘ื—ื•ื“ืฉื™ ื”ืงื™ืฅ, ืžืžืื™ ืขื“ ืื•ืงื˜ื•ื‘ืจ.

ื”ื•ืจืื•ืช ื ืกื™ืขื”:

  • ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ืชื—ื™ืœ ืืช ื”ื ืกื™ืขื” ืžืžื•ืกืงื˜, ืฉื ืžืฆืืช ืฉืœื•ืฉ ืฉืขื•ืช ื•ืืจื‘ืข ื“ืงื•ืช ืžืฉื.
  • ืกืขื• ื‘ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ 1 ืœื›ื‘ื™ืฉ 17 ื‘ืืœ ืืžืจืื˜
  • ื‘ื›ื™ื›ืจ ืฆืื• ื‘ื™ืฆื™ืื” ื”ืฉืœื™ืฉื™ืช ื•ื”ื™ืฉืืจื• ืขืœ ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ 17
  • ื”ืžืฉืš ื‘ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ 17 ืœื™ืขื“ ืฉืœืš ื‘ืžื—ื•ื– ื“ืจื•ื ืืœ ืฉืจืงื™ื” ื“ืจื•ื.

ื‘ืจื’ืข ืฉืืชื” ื ื›ื ืก ืœืืชืจ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื’ื™ืฉ ื‘ืงืฉื” ืœืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ื‘ืขื•ืžืืŸ, ื™ืฉ ืœืกืคืง ื“ืจื™ืฉื•ืช ื›ืžื• ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ืชืงืฃ ื•ืชืžื•ื ื” ื‘ื’ื•ื“ืœ ื“ืจื›ื•ืŸ. ื–ื›ื•ืจ ืœื”ืงื™ืฉ ืืช ื”ืžื™ื“ืข ื”ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ื›ื“ื™ ืฉืœื ืชื™ืชืงืœ ื‘ื‘ืขื™ื•ืช ืœืื—ืจ ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ื”ื‘ืงืฉื” ืฉืœืš. ื–ื” ื™ืขืœื” ืœื›ื ืจืง 49 ื“ื•ืœืจ ืœืงื‘ืœ ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ื‘ืขื•ืžืืŸ ืœื™ื“ื™ ื‘ื™ื˜ื•ื™ ื‘ืืชืจ ืขื ื”ื‘ืงืฉื”, ืชืงืฃ ืœื ืจืง ืืœื ื’ื ื‘ืžื“ื™ื ื•ืช ืื—ืจื•ืช.

ืคื™ื•ืจื“ื™ื ืžื•ืกืื ื“ืื

ื”ืชื ืกื• ื‘ืกื•ื’ื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ืกืคื•ืจื˜ ื™ืžื™ ื‘ืคื™ื•ืจื“ื™ ืžื•ืกืื ื“ืื. ืžื•ืกื ื“ืื ื™ื•ืฉื‘ ื‘ื—ืœืง ื”ืฆืคื•ื ื™ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ืขื•ืžืืŸ ื•ื’ื•ื‘ืœ ื‘ืฉืืจ ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื” ื‘ืื™ื—ื•ื“ ื”ืืžื™ืจื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ืขืจื‘ื™ื•ืช. ื—ืœืงื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื ื‘ืื–ื•ืจ ื–ื” ืžื‘ื•ื“ื“ื™ื ื•ืฉื™ืžืฉื• ื›ื‘ื™ืชื ืฉืœ ื›ืคืจื™ื ื”ืจืจื™ื™ื ื•ืงื”ื™ืœื•ืช ื—ื•ืฃ - ืžืงื•ื ืœื—ื•ื‘ื‘ื™ ื”ื˜ื‘ืข, ื›ืžื• ืฉืื•ืžืจื™ื.

ื™ืฉ ื›ืืŸ ื›ืžื” ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ืฉืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœืขืฉื•ืช: ืฆืœื™ืœื”, ืจื›ื™ื‘ื” ืขืœ ื“ื”ืื• ืื• ืกื™ืจื” ืื•ืžื ื™ืช ืžืกื•ืจืชื™ืช ื‘ื›ื“ื™ ืœืืชืจ ื“ื•ืœืคื™ื ื™ื ื•ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืขื“ื™ื ืœืชืฆื•ืจื•ืช ืกืœืข ืฉื•ื ื•ืช. ื›ืžื• ื›ืŸ, ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœื‘ืงืจ ื›ืืŸ ื•ืœื™ื”ื ื•ืช ืžื”ื‘ืจื™ื–ื” ื”ืงืจื™ืจื” ืžืื•ืงื˜ื•ื‘ืจ ืขื“ ื™ื ื•ืืจ ืžื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ืฉื”ื˜ืžืคืจื˜ื•ืจื” ื ืžื•ื›ื” ื™ื—ืกื™ืช. ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœื‘ืงืจ ื›ืืŸ ื’ื ื‘ืงื™ืฅ, ืืš ืžื–ื’ ื”ืื•ื•ื™ืจ ื™ื”ื™ื” ืœื•ื”ื˜.

ื”ื•ืจืื•ืช ื ืกื™ืขื”:

  • ื–ืžืŸ ื”ื ืกื™ืขื” ื”ื•ื ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืฉืฉ ืฉืขื•ืช ืžืžื•ืกืงื˜. ืฉื™ืžื• ืœื‘ ื›ื™ ืขืœื™ื›ื ืœื—ืฆื•ืช ืืช ื”ื’ื‘ื•ืœ ืžืขื•ืžืืŸ ืœืื™ื—ื•ื“ ื”ืืžื™ืจื•ื™ื•ืช, ืœื›ืŸ ืขืœื™ื›ื ืœื”ื›ื™ืŸ ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ืžืกืžื›ื™ื ื”ื“ืจื•ืฉื™ื ื‘ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื™ืžื ืข ืžื‘ื“ื™ืงื•ืช ื’ื‘ื•ืœื•ืช.
  • ืกืขื• ื‘ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ 1, ืจื—ื•ื‘ ืกื™ื‘, ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ 1, ื“ื•ื‘ืื™ - ืคื•ื’'ื™ื™ืจื” ืจื“ / ืžืœื™ื”ื - ืคื•ื’'ื™ื™ืจื” ืจื“ / ืฉื™ื™ื— 'ื—'ืœื™ืคื” ื‘ืŸ ื–ื™ื™ื“ ืจื“ / E84, ... ื•- E11 ืขื“ 02 ื‘ื‘ื•ื›ื
  • ืขืงื•ื‘ ืื—ืจื™ 02 ืœื™ืขื“ ืฉืœืš ื‘ื›ืกืื‘.

ืฉื™ืžื• ืœื‘ ื›ื™ ื›ื›ืœ ื”ื ืจืื” ืชืจืฆื• ืœื—ืฆื•ืช ืืช ื”ื’ื‘ื•ืœ ื‘ืžืงืจื™ื ื›ืžื• ื ืกื™ืขื” ืœืžื–ืจื— ื”ืชื™ื›ื•ืŸ. ืขื ื–ืืช, ื–ื” ื™ื”ื™ื” ืชืœื•ื™ ื’ื ื‘ืžืกืœื•ืœ ื”ื˜ื™ื•ืœ ืฉืœืš. ืื– ืœืคื ื™ ืฉืืชื ื™ื•ืฆืื™ื ืœื ืกื™ืขื” ื‘ืื•ืžืŸ, ื“ืื’ื• ืฉื™ื”ื™ื• ื›ืœ ื”ืžืกืžื›ื™ื ืžื•ื›ื ื™ื ื•ื–ืžื™ื ื™ื ืœื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ืžืฉื˜ืจื” ื•ื’ื‘ื•ืœื•ืช, ื›ื•ืœืœ ืื™ืฉื•ืจ ื”ื ื”ื’ ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืฉืœื›ื.

ื›ืœืœื™ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื”ื—ืฉื•ื‘ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ

ื”ืจืฉื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ืขื•ืžื ื™ื•ืช ืžืงืคื™ื“ื•ืช ืžืื•ื“ ืขืœ ื›ืœืœื™ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ืฉืœื”ืŸ. ื‘ืฉื ื™ื ื”ืื—ืจื•ื ื•ืช ื ืจืฉืžื• ืžืื•ืช ื ืคื’ืขื™ื ืขืงื‘ ืืœืคื™ ืชืื•ื ื•ืช ื“ืจื›ื™ื. ืžื›ืืŸ ื”ื ืคืงื” ืžื—ืžื™ืจื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ื ื•ืช ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื•ื™ื™ืฉื•ื ื—ื–ืง ืฉืœ ื›ืœืœื™ ื”ื“ืจืš. ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืชื™ื™ืจ ื”ืฉื•ื›ืจ ื•ื ื”ื’ ื‘ืจื›ื‘ ื‘ืขื•ืžืืŸ, ื™ืฉื ื ืžืขื˜ ื›ืœืœื™ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ืฉืขืœื™ืš ืœื–ื›ื•ืจ ืœื›ืœ ืื•ืจืš ื”ื ืกื™ืขื”.

ื›ืœืœื™ ืชืขื‘ื•ืจื” ื‘ืกื™ืกื™ื™ื

ืœืื—ืจ ืฉื”ื›ืจืชื ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ืชืžืจื•ืจื™ื ื•ื‘ื“ืงืชื ืืช ืชื ืื™ ื”ื“ืจืš, ื–ื›ืจื• ื‘ืื™ื–ื” ืฆื“ ืฉืœ ื”ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ ืขืœื™ื›ื ืœื ืกื•ืข. ื‘ืขื•ืžืืŸ, ื‘ื“ื™ื•ืง ื›ืžื• ื›ืžื” ืžื“ื™ื ื•ืช, ืืชื” ื ื•ื”ื’ ื‘ืฆื“ ื™ืžื™ืŸ ืฉืœ ื”ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ. ื”ื™ื–ื”ืจ ืžื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ืฉื—ืœืง ืžื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ื™ื ืขืฉื•ื™ื™ื ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ื ืชื™ื‘ ื”ืฉื ื™, ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ื‘ื›ื‘ื™ืฉื™ื ืฉืงื˜ื™ื.

ืชืžื™ื“ ืชื‘ื™ื ืื™ืชืš ืืช IDP ืฉืœืš

ื”ื™ืชืจ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืฉืœืš ื‘ืขืช ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ืขื•ืžืืŸ ื•ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ ืฉืœืš ืืžื•ืจื™ื ืœื”ืฉืชืœื‘ ื›ืฉืืชื” ื ื•ืกืข ื‘ืืจืฅ. ืงื™ื•ื IDP ืฉืœืš ื•ืžืกืžื›ื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื ื™ืฉื—ืจืจ ืื•ืชืš ืžื‘ืขื™ื•ืช ื‘ืžื“ื™ื ื” ื–ืจื”. ื–ื›ืจื• ื›ื™ ืื™ื ื›ื ืจื•ืฆื™ื ืœืกื›ืŸ ืืช ื ืกื™ืขืชื›ื ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ืช ืจืง ืžืฉื•ื ืฉืฉื›ื—ืชื ืžืกืžืš ืื—ื“. ื•ื”ืจืฉื•ื™ื•ืช ืžืงืคื™ื“ื•ืช ืขืœ ื—ื•ืงื™ ื”ืชืขื‘ื•ืจื”, ืœื›ืŸ ื›ื“ืื™ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžื•ื›ื ื™ื ืœื”ื™ืžื ืข ืžื›ืœ ื›ืื•ืก.

ืื ื™ืฉ ืœืš IDP ืงื™ื™ื, ื•ื•ื“ื ืฉื”ื•ื ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื‘ืชื•ืงืฃ. ืชื•ืงืฃ IDP ืฉื”ื•ื ืคืง ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืชืื—ื“ื•ืช ื”ื ื”ื’ื™ื ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ืช ื”ื•ื ืขื“ ืฉืœื•ืฉ ืฉื ื™ื. ืื ืคื’ ืชื•ืงืฃ IDP ืฉืœืš, ืชื•ื›ืœ ืชืžื™ื“ ืœื—ื“ืฉ ืื•ืชื• ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืžืงื•ื•ืŸ. ืชืชื‘ืงืฉ ื“ืจืš ื”ืืชืจ ืœืžืœื ื˜ื•ืคืก ืขื ืฉืžืš, ืžืกืคืจ ืื™ืฉ ื”ืงืฉืจ, ื›ืชื•ื‘ืชืš, ื”ืžื™ืงื•ื“ ื•ื›ืชื•ื‘ืช ื”ื“ื•ื"ืœ ืฉืœืš.

ืœืคื ื™ ืฉืชื’ื™ืฉ ืืช ืื™ืฉื•ืจ ื”ื ื”ื’ ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืฉืœืš ื‘ืขื•ืžืืŸ, ืขืœื™ืš ืœืกืคืง ื›ืชื•ื‘ืช. ื›ื“ื™ ืœืžื ื•ืข ื‘ืœื‘ื•ืœ ื•ืขื™ื›ื•ื‘ ืขื ืžืฉืœื•ื— ื”ืื™ืฉื•ืจ ืœื ื”ื’ ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืฉืœืš ื‘ืขื•ืžืืŸ, ืืกื•ืจ ืœื‘ืœื‘ืœ ื‘ื™ืŸ ื›ืชื•ื‘ืช ื”ื‘ื™ืช ืฉืœืš ืœื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืžื™ืงื•ื ื”ื ื•ื›ื—ื™ ืฉืœืš. ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืฉืืชื” ืขื•ื‘ื“ ื›ืจื’ืข ืžื—ื•ืฅ ืœื‘ื™ืช, ื•ืืชื” ืจื•ืฆื” ืฉื”ื•ื ื™ื™ืฉืœื— ืœืžื™ืงื•ื ืฉืœืš ืขื›ืฉื™ื•. ืœื›ืŸ ืขื“ื™ืฃ ืœืืžืช ืืช ื”ืžื™ื“ืข ืœืคื ื™ ื”ืฉืœืžืช ื”ื™ื™ืฉื•ื.

ืืœ ืชื ื”ื’ ื‘ื”ืฉืคืขืช ืืœื›ื•ื”ื•ืœ ื•ืกืžื™ื.

ืฉืชื™ื” ื‘ื”ืฉืคืขืช ื›ืœ ืคื™ืกืช ืืœื›ื•ื”ื•ืœ ืืกื•ืจื” ื•ืœืขื•ืœื ืื™ื ื” ื ืกื‘ืœืช ื‘ืขื•ืžืืŸ. ื›ื›ืœ ืฉืืกื•ืจ ืœืš ืœื ื”ื•ื’ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืื ืืชื” ืกืžื™ื ืœื ื—ื•ืงื™ื™ื. ื”ืจืฉื•ื™ื•ืช ืžืงืคื™ื“ื•ืช ืžืื•ื“ ืขืœ ื”ื—ื•ืง ื”ื–ื”, ื•ืืชื” ืขืœื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื›ืœื ืœืžืฉืš ืฉื ื” ืขื ืงื ืก ืฉืœ ืœื ื™ื•ืชืจ ืž- OMR500. ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ื”ืฉืคืขื” ื’ืจืžื” ืœืชืื•ื ื•ืช ืจื‘ื•ืช ืžื“ื™ ื•ื”ืจื’ื” ืจื‘ื™ื. ื›ืชื™ื™ืจ ืืชื” ืœื ืจื•ืฆื” ืฉื–ื” ื™ืงืจื” ืœืš.

ืฆื™ื™ืช ืœื›ืœืœ ื”ื’ื‘ืœืช ื”ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช

ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช ืžื•ืคืจื–ืช ื”ื™ื™ืชื” ืžืกืคืจ ื”ืชืื•ื ื•ืช ื•ื”ื ืคื’ืขื™ื ื‘ื›ื‘ื™ืฉ ื‘ืขื•ืžืืŸ, ื•ืžื›ืืŸ ื”ืชื™ืงื•ื ื™ื ืœื—ื•ืงื™ ื“ืจื›ื™ื ืžื—ืžื™ืจื™ื. ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืชื™ื™ืจ, ืืชื” ืฆืคื•ื™ ืœื ื”ื•ื’ ื‘ื”ื’ื ื” ื•ื‘ื–ื”ื™ืจื•ืช ื•ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื”ืžื•ื ืžื”ืื“ืžื” ื”ื–ืจื” ืœื”ืฆื™ืข. ืืชื” ืฆืคื•ื™ ืœื ืกื•ืข ื‘ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช ืžืจื‘ื™ืช ืฉืœ 120 ืงืž"ืฉ ื‘ื›ื‘ื™ืฉื™ื ืžื”ื™ืจื™ื, 90 ืงืž"ืฉ ื‘ื›ื‘ื™ืฉื™ื ื›ืคืจื™ื™ื ื•-40-80 ืงืž"ืฉ ื‘ืื–ื•ืจื™ื ืขื™ืจื•ื ื™ื™ื.

ื—ื‘ื™ืฉืช ื—ื’ื•ืจืช ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช ื•ืื‘ื˜ื—ืช ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช ื”ื™ืœื“

ืื‘ื˜ื— ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ื ื•ืกืขื™ื ื‘ืจื›ื‘ ื•ื—ื’ื•ืจ ืืช ื—ื’ื•ืจื•ืช ื”ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช. ื”ืžืฉื˜ืจื” ืœื ืชืกื‘ื•ืœ ื•ืื•ืœื™ ืชืขืฆื•ืจ ืื•ืชืš ืื ืœื ืชืงืคื™ื“ ืขืœ ื”ื›ืœืœ ื”ื–ื”. ืœื™ืœื“ื™ื ืžืชื—ืช ืœื’ื™ืœ ืืจื‘ืข, ืขืœื™ื”ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžื•ืฉื‘ื™ื ื‘ืจื›ื‘; ืืชื” ืชืžื™ื“ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื‘ื™ื ืื—ืช ืื ืืชื” ืœื ืจื•ืฆื” ืœืงื‘ืœ ืื•ืชื” ื›ืชื•ืกืฃ ืœื”ืฉื›ืจืช ื”ืจื›ื‘ ืฉืœืš. ื™ืœื“ื™ื ื‘ื ื™ ืฉืชื™ื ืขืฉืจื” ื•ืžื˜ื” ื—ื™ื™ื‘ื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžืžื•ืงืžื™ื ื‘ืžื•ืฉื‘ ื”ืื—ื•ืจื™ ืขื ื—ื’ื•ืจืช ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืช ืžืฉืœื”ื.

ื”ืชื‘ื•ื ืŸ ื‘ืชืžืจื•ืจื™ื ื‘ืขืช ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ืขื•ืžืืŸ

ืชืžืจื•ืจื™ื ืžืกื•ืคืงื™ื ื›ืš ืฉืชื•ื ื—ื• ื‘ื“ืจื›ื›ื ืœื™ืขื“. ืฉื™ืžื• ืœื‘ ืืœื™ื”ื ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ื ืกื™ืขื” ืฉืœื›ื. ื‘ื“ืจืš ื–ื•, ืžืœื‘ื“ ื”ื“ืจื›ื”, ืชื•ื›ืœื• ื’ื ืœืžื ื•ืข ืชืื•ื ื•ืช ื“ืจื›ื™ื ืืคืฉืจื™ื•ืช. ืžืจื‘ื™ืช ื”ืชืžืจื•ืจื™ื ื–ื”ื™ื ืœืžื“ื™ื ื•ืช ืื—ืจื•ืช; ืื ืœื, ืชืžืจื•ืจื™ ืื•ืžื ื™ ืžืชื•ืจื’ืžื™ื ื’ื ืœืื ื’ืœื™ืช, ื›ืš ืฉื–ื• ืœื ืชื”ื™ื” ื‘ืขื™ื”.

ืืกื•ืจ ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ื˜ืœืคื•ื ื™ื ื ื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื‘ื–ืžืŸ ื ื”ื™ื’ื”

ื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ืžืงื•ื ื–ืืช ื‘ืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ื“ื™ื‘ื•ืจื™ืช ืื ืืชื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ื˜ืœืคื•ืŸ ื”ื ื™ื™ื“ ืฉืœืš. ื ื™ื•ื•ื˜ ื‘ื˜ืœืคื•ืŸ ืฉืœืš ืื›ืŸ ื™ื—ืœืง ืืช ืชืฉื•ืžืช ืœื™ื‘ืš ืžื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื”. ื•ื–ื›ื•ืจ ืฉื–ื• ื“ืจืš ื–ืจื”, ื›ืš ืฉืืชื” ืœื ืžื›ื™ืจ ื›ืžื” ืชื ืื™ ื“ืจืš. ืื ืื™ื ืš ืžืจื’ื™ืฉ ื‘ื ื•ื— ืขื ืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ื“ื™ื‘ื•ืจื™ืช, ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื•ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ื˜ืœืคื•ืŸ ืฉืœืš. ืจืง ื•ื•ื“ื ืฉืืชื” ื—ื•ื ื” ื‘ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ื”ื—ื ื™ื” ื”ืžื™ื•ืขื“ื™ื ืžื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ืฉื—ื ื™ื” ืœื ื—ื•ืงื™ืช ืขืœื•ืœื” ืœื”ื•ื‘ื™ืœ ืื•ืชืš ืœืงื ืกื•ืช.

ื”ื™ื–ื”ืจ ืžื‘ืขืœื™ ื—ื™ื™ื ืฉื—ื•ืฆื™ื ืืช ื”ืจื—ื•ื‘ื•ืช

ื™ืชื›ืŸ ืฉื–ื” ืœื ื ืคื•ืฅ ื‘ืžื“ื™ื ื•ืช ืžืกื•ื™ืžื•ืช, ืืš ืขืœื™ื›ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืขืจื ื™ื™ื ื›ืืฉืจ ื’ืžืœื™ื ื•ืขื–ื™ื ืžื•ืคื™ืขื™ื ืœืคืชืข ื•ื—ื•ืฆื™ื ืืช ื”ืจื—ื•ื‘ื•ืช ื‘ืขื•ืžืืŸ. ื–ื” ืงื•ืจื” ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ื‘ื›ื‘ื™ืฉื™ ืžื—ื•ื– ืขื ืคื—ื•ืช ืžื›ื•ื ื™ื•ืช. ื”ื‘ื˜ ืชืžื™ื“ ืงื“ื™ืžื” ื›ื“ื™ ืœืžื ื•ืข ืชืื•ื ื•ืช.

ืืœ ืชื ื”ื’ ืขื ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ืฉืคื’ ืชื•ืงืคื•

ืœื ืชื•ื›ืœ ืœืฉื›ื•ืจ ืจื›ื‘ ืื ื”ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ืฉืœืš ืคื’. ืื– ืขื“ื™ืฃ ืฉื–ื” ื™ื—ื•ื“ืฉ ืœืคื ื™ ื›ืœ ื“ื‘ืจ ืื—ืจ. ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ืขื ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ืฉืคื’ ืชื•ืงืคื” ื–ื”ื” ืœื ื”ื™ื’ื” ืœืœื ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื‘ื›ืœืœ, ื•ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ืงื ืก ื‘ืกื›ื•ื ืฉืœ ืขื“ OMR35. ืื™ืฉื•ืจ ื”ื ื”ื’ ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืฉืœืš ืœื ื™ื”ื™ื” ืชืงืฃ ืืคื™ืœื• ืื ืคื’ ืชื•ืงืคื• ืฉืœ ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ ืฉืœืš. ื–ื›ื•ืจ ื›ื™ IDP ืฉืœืš ื”ื•ื ืจืง ืชืจื’ื•ื ืฉืœ ื”ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ ืฉืœืš.

ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื—ื“ืฉ ืืช ืื™ืฉื•ืจ ื”ื ื”ื’ ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืฉืœืš ื‘ืขื•ืžืืŸ; ืืช ืฉืžืš, ืžืกืคืจ ืื™ืฉ ื”ืงืฉืจ, ื›ืชื•ื‘ืชืš ื•ื›ืชื•ื‘ืช ื”ื“ื•ื"ืœ ืฉืœืš ื™ืฉ ืœืกืคืง ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืžืงื•ื•ืŸ ืขืœ ืคื™ ื”ื‘ืงืฉื”. ื™ืฉ ืœืš ืขื•ืชืง ืฉืœ ื”- IDP ืฉืœืš ืฉื™ื™ืฉืœื— ืืœื™ืš ื‘ื“ื•ื"ืœ ืœืื—ืจ ืื™ืฉื•ืจ ื‘ืงืฉืชืš. ืขื ื–ืืช, ืขืœื™ืš ืœืงื‘ืœ ืืช ื”ืขื•ืชืง ื”ืคื™ื–ื™ ืฉืœ IDP ืฉืœืš. ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืฉืœื•ื— ืืช ื”ื™ืชืจ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืฉืœืš ืœืกื ื™ืฃ ื“ื•ืืจ ืขื•ืžืืŸ. ื‘ื“ืจืš ื–ื• ืืชื” ืคืฉื•ื˜ ืื•ืกืฃ ืืช ื”ืžื˜ืขืŸ ืฉืœืš ืฉื ืขื ื”ื”ื’ืขื” ืœืขื•ืžืืŸ.

ืขื“ ืฉืชื ื—ืช, ืชื•ื›ืœ ืœืชื‘ื•ืข ืืช ื”ื™ืชืจ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืฉืœืš ื‘ืขื•ืžืืŸ ื‘ืกื ื™ืฃ ื“ื•ืืจ ืœื™ื“ ืฉื“ื” ื”ืชืขื•ืคื” ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืžื•ืกืงื˜. ืœืฉืืœื•ืช ื”ื”ื™ืชืจ ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื ื”ื’ ื‘ืขื•ืžืืŸ, ืชื•ื›ืœ ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืœืฉื™ืจื•ืช ืฉืœื ื• ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ืžืกืคืจ ื™ืฆื™ืจืช ื”ืงืฉืจ ื‘ื˜ืœืคื•ืŸ 1-877-533-2804 ืื• ืœืฉืœื•ื— ืœื ื• ื“ื•ื"ืœ ืœื›ืชื•ื‘ืช hello@internationaldriversassociation.com.

ื ืกื™ืขื” ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ืช ื“ื•ืจืฉืช ื”ืจื‘ื” ืชื›ื ื•ืŸ ื•ื”ื›ื ืช ื›ืœ ื”ืžืกืžื›ื™ื ื”ื“ืจื•ืฉื™ื ื•ืฉืืจ ื”ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ื”ืื™ืฉื™ื™ื ืœื˜ื™ื•ืœ ื›ื“ืื™ ืœื—ื•"ืœ. ืœื›ืŸ ื ื›ื•ืŸ ืœืชื›ื ืŸ ื—ื•ื“ืฉื™ื ื•ืœืชืงืฆื‘ ืืช ื”ื–ืžืŸ ื•ื”ื›ืกืฃ ืฉืœืš. ืžืฉืชืœื ืฉื™ืฉ ืœืš ื—ื•ืคืฉ ืœื ื”ืœ ืืช ื”ื–ืžืŸ ืฉืœืš, ื•ื”ื“ืจืš ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœืขืฉื•ืช ื–ืืช ื”ื™ื ืœื‘ืฆืข ืืช ื”ืชื—ื‘ื•ืจื” ืฉืœืš. ืขื ืžืกืžื›ื™ื ืชืงืคื™ื ืžื•ื›ื ื™ื ื›ืžื• ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ืฉืœืš ื•ื”ื™ืชืจ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™, ืงืœ ืœืฉื›ื•ืจ ื•ืœื ื”ื•ื’ ื‘ืจื›ื‘ ื‘ืขื•ืžืืŸ.

ืงื‘ืœ ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ื ื”ื™ื’ื” ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ ืขื‘ื•ืจ $49

+ ื”ื—ืœืคื” ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ืช

International Drivers Permit Booklet, Card and Phone App
ื”ืคืขืœ ืืช ื”ื™ื™ืฉื•ื ืฉืœื™
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    ื’ืจืกื” ื“ื™ื’ื™ื˜ืœื™ืช ื”ื•ืขื‘ืจื” ืชื•ืš ืฉืขืชื™ื™ื ืื• ืคื—ื•ืช
International Drivers Permit Booklet, Card and Phone App