Bosnia and Herzegovina Guide 2021

Bosnia and Herzegovina Guide 2021

Bosnia and Herzegovina Guide 2021

Bosnia and Herzegovina is a unique beautiful country. Explore all of it by driving when you get your International Driving Permit

Atjaunināts Apr 9, 2021·9 min lasīts
Driving Guide

A hidden gem in the Balkan region with a rich history, Bosnia and Herzegovina might not be frequently visited by tourists. Still, this nation is indeed one that mustn't be overlooked. Its most popular tourist sites draw religious influences from popular faiths such as Orthodox Christianity, Roman Catholicism, and Islam. Bosnia and Herzegovina's geographical location is between Croatia and Serbia, making it susceptible to territorial disputes.

Hidden gems abound in Bosnia and Herzegovina, waiting to be discovered by those who seek them. From its architectural marvels in the form of mosques, churches, fortresses, and ruins where faith flourished and power resided, to its natural wonders cradling a wide biodiversity one could only imagine, to modern commercial centers that cater to tourists' shopping and gastronomic needs. Bosnia and Herzegovina is truly a hidden wonder.

How Can This Guide Help You?

Allow this content to be your guide in discovering and getting acquainted with the beauty of the Balkan region. Here you will find information regarding its geography, its people, its history, and its language, along with some useful advice and facts for driving in Bosnia and Herzegovina. You will also find some tips in getting an International Driver's Permit for driving in Bosnia that will surely make your trip smooth-sailing, easy, and worthwhile.

General Information

Bosnia and Herzegovina, also known as Bosnia, B&H, BiH, is a European country situated in the Balkan Peninsula, surrounded by bountiful rivers and traditional villages. Bosnia covers most of the northern and central parts, while Herzegovina's region covers the south and southwest portions. Bosnia and Herzegovina's capital is Sarajevo. Bosnia and Herzegovina's geographical location and foreign influence make it home to various natural and cultural spots.

Olden and modern times come together in Bosnia and Herzegovina, with most of its establishments still set in cobblestone and the religious influence of a wide array of faiths evident in their infrastructure. Its geographical situation between Serbia and Croatia has made Bosnia and Herzegovina prime targets for territorial disputes.

Geographic Location

Bosnia and Herzegovina are known for their mountain ranges, with the most popular one being the Dinaric Alps bordering Croatia, Kozara, Pljesevica, Grmec, Cincar, Ragusa, to name a few. Magic is the highest mountain point peaking at 7,828 feet. Its rivers are the Sava, Bosna, Una, and Vrbas that flow into other neighboring nations' rivers. The climate of Bosnia and Herzegovina is mostly mild to cold. January is the coldest while July is the warmest. May and June are the rainiest seasons in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Languages Spoken

Bosnia and Herzegovina's citizens come from a wide array of ethnic backgrounds. The dominant groups are the Bosniaks, Serbs, and Croats. The Bosnian Conflict resulted in a vast displacement of locals against their will and have since gained support for their return. Bosnia and Herzegovina’s primary languages are Bosnian, Serbian, and Croatian due to their influence.

Land Area

Bosnia and Herzegovina are a Balkan Region in Southeastern Europe. The capital of the country is Sarajevo. This triangular-shaped country has a total area of 19,772 square miles and 51,209 square meters. Croatia's countries border it on the west, Serbia on the east, Montenegro on the southeast, and the Adriatic Sea on the southwest.

History

Bosnia and Herzegovina's history is a tumultuous one since the beginning of the Roman era when conquerors extended their power to this Balkan nation. Bosnia and Herzegovina used to be under the Dalmatian influence in Roman times but had suffered defeat at the Goths’ hands, which were defeated by the Balkans.

Perhaps the most significant influence on Bosnia and Herzegovina remains to be religion. This nation can indeed be called a melting pot of their conquerors' culture and faith. The Ottoman Empire of the Turks shaped the politics, culture, and religion of the Bosnians. One can see evidence of religion's influence on religious demographics and everyday life, art, and establishments.

Bosnia and Herzegovina are home to various faiths brought about by external influence. The three most dominant remain to be Islam (50.7%), Orthodox Christianity (30.7%), and Roman Catholic (15.2%). The evidence of religious impact can be seen in their mosques and churches, prime tourist points of visit. These destinations earned Bosnia and Herzegovina the moniker "Jerusalem of Europe."

Government

Bosnia and Herzegovina have a decentralized government that divides the local government into ten cantons, which are in turn also divided into municipalities. A negotiation conducted in the U.S. divides Bosnia and Herzegovina into the Bosnian Serb Republic and the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Bosnia and Herzegovina’s population is reported to be three million.

Tourism

Tourists visit Bosnia and Herzegovina due to the stunning natural beauty that the country houses. From Una National Park to Kravice Waterfalls right down to the mountainous landscapes that make for hiking heaven, Bosnia and Herzegovina's natural attractions are straight out of a postcard.

Tourists also flock to Bosnia and Herzegovina for the architecture, which shows the massive influence other nations had on it, more than just religion and politics. Museums that showcase the Bosnian people's history and hardships are a must-visit for traveling learners who wish to understand the country's condition. Areas such as the capital Sarajevo and Bascarsiji are commerce areas where tourists can come to shop.

IDP FAQs

Driving through Bosnia and Herzegovina is the best way to explore the country and get the most out of your travels. Public transportation has its positive side, but if you're looking for more control and spontaneity, driving is for you. To drive in Bosnia and Herzegovina legally, you would need to acquire an International Driver's Permit. Here are some facts about the International Driver's Permit that you might need to know before heading out to drive.

Is My Local License Valid in Bosnia and Herzegovina?

Although driving in Bosnia and Herzegovina with a license from other countries is allowed in most cases, it is still imperative for tourists to get an International Driver's Permit. If you're going to rent a car for driving in the Bosnia and Herzegovina region, an IDP will be required of you by the car rental companies.

Does an IDP Replace My Native License?

No, an IDP does not replace your native license. When you get an IDP, it is merely a translation or a version of your native license in the said country, a legal document you can use to drive, rent, and present to authorities at checkpoints.

Do I Need an IDP to Drive in Bosnia and Herzegovina?

Driving in Bosnia and Herzegovina with a driving license from your country might be legal for some. Still, tourists are urged to get an International Driver's Permit since car rental companies require this. Borders and checkpoints who know that you are a tourist could ask for this document from you, so it's better to be prepared than to risk conflict with authorities in a foreign country.

You can obtain an International Driver's Permit for driving in Bosnia and Herzegovina at offices that deal with traffic enforcement and issuing licenses. If doing it in person is too time-consuming for you, you can get it online on the IDA website, which guarantees quick approval in only twenty minutes. An International Driver's Permit for driving in Bosnia and Herzegovina in English is available for your ease. With this in hand, you can start driving in Bosnia and Herzegovina now!

How Long Is an IDP Valid?

An International Driver's Permit's validity varies depending on the price. Tourists who won't be staying for too long are recommended to get the 1-year validity, while those staying for more extended periods are urged to get either the two-or three-year validity packages.

Renting a Car in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Undoubtedly the best way to experience traveling in Bosnia and Herzegovina is by renting a car. Before going to the rental shop, there are things to consider, such as the proper documents companies might require and the fees that will and won't be covered. Reading this can help you prepare in advance the amount of money you would need for rent, equipment, and insurance.

Car Rental Companies

When renting a car in Bosnia and Herzegovina, most often consider the company’s price and location. The most common ones include Avis, VIPCars, Europcar, and AutoEurope, which all come with various prices depending on the model you will be renting.

There are also convenient car rental companies situated near the airport, such as Sixt near Sarajevo International Airport and Enterprise Rent-A-Car at the Tuzla Airport. These companies exist for tourists who will be renting and driving in Bosnia and Herzegovina from the airport. Since driving in Bosnia and Herzegovina cities is the norm, expect most car rental agencies to be located in urbanized areas.

Documents Required

If you're driving as a tourist in Bosnia and Herzegovina, you would be required to have an International Driver's Permit apart from your native license and passport. An International Driver's Permit serves as a version of your native license, bearing information such as name, contact number, and zip code for driving in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Car insurance is also a must to have before renting a car since not all car companies offer insurance.

Vehicle Types

There are varying vehicles one can rent from different companies, depending on their usage. Compact cars are often used for driving in Bosnia and Herzegovina cities due to their ease of maneuvering and small size, helping them fit in congested areas. Simultaneously, SUVs are ideal for countryside driving due to their sizeable interior and durable wheels, perfect for terrain driving and luggage compartments.

Car Rental Cost

Car rental fees usually only cover the day-to-day charge of the vehicle, depending on the make. The rental may not always provide equipment like child seats, GPS, emergency kits, and winter tires, so you would have to invest in that as well. Car insurance is also not part of the fees you would pay, so it is advisable to purchase insurance before renting your car. Other costs you will be shouldering include gas and toll fees.

Car rental companies in Bosnia and Herzegovina offer various vehicles to choose from with different price ranges. Kayak sets the following prices on numerous models of cars depending on daily use and on the companies you can rent them from:

  • Economy-$7/day
  • Compact-$9/day
  • Intermediate-$13/day
  • Standard-$21/day
  • SUV-$101/day
  • Luxury-$71/day

Age Requirements

In Bosnia and Herzegovina, one would have to be at least twenty-one years old to rent a car legally. Drivers under the age of twenty-five may be subject to driver's surcharge, ranging from $15-50/day. If you are of age, it is also advisable to get an International Driver's Permit since the minimum age to get an IDP is 18.

Car Insurance Cost

The Balkan Region has a special kind of border insurance called Green Card Insurance, exclusive only in their area. Tourists from the United Kingdom are urged to obtain Green Card Insurance for driving in the Bosnia and Herzegovina region. This kind of insurance covers up to 100,000 pounds and is ideal for tourists due to its short month duration of up to three months.

Costs vary depending on your preferred coverage. Some car rental companies come with car insurance, but if you wish to purchase others outside of the rental company, take into consideration the costs. Collision waivers cost around 24-37 euros while roadside assistance for breakdowns price at 8-12 euros per day.

Car Insurance Policy

Tourists are required to have insurance when driving through Bosnia and Herzegovina, primarily since this is one of the essential documents tourist drivers are required to have, especially by border security. Insurance also covers you in case of unwanted incidents ranging from getting locked out of your car to your vehicle’s combustion to petty theft. Insurance helps you lessen the costs you will be paying for accidents occurring in another country.

Livno Bosnia and Herzegovina Photo by Frano Duvnjak

Road Rules in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Now that you're familiar with the renting policies and conditions, it's time for you to get acquainted with their road rules and regulations. Learning about what you can and can't do on the road in Bosnia and Herzegovina will save you a lot of time and resources and stop you from getting into trouble with the law. Here you will find rules, fines, and facts about driving in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Important Regulations

Before you can start driving, take into consideration the most basic driving in Bosnia and Herzegovina facts. It cannot be reiterated enough that carrying necessary documentation before heading out is a rule and would cost a fine if violated. Always have with you your International Driver's Permit, native driver's license, and car insurance as well as passports. Border security usually stops tourists to check their documents and possible violations, so be prepared.

Have essential emergency equipment with you in your car. This law is applicable in most European countries, Bosnia and Herzegovina included. From November 15 to April 15, when the snow is at its most cruel, it is mandated that drivers have winter tires that are strictly MS, M+S, M&S with a 4 mm tread. Other equipment includes warning triangles and snow chains.

When driving, always wear your seatbelt and have the children passengers below 12 in the back with a car seat. When driving in the daylight, have dipped headlights. Depending on where you are, abide by the speed limits since there are on-spot fines given. Don't drink and drive to avoid getting into trouble with the law or accidents.

General Standards

While there are road signs present in Bosnia and Herzegovina, they are few and far between, so it's best to drive in Bosnia and Herzegovina with a map or GPS Navigation System. You don't want to find yourself completely lost in a land you're unfamiliar with.

Wear your seatbelt at all times when driving. This rule extends from the driver to their passengers. If driving with children who are below the age of twelve, ensure that they have a child seat and are seated at the back. Not wearing a seatbelt will warrant a fine. This rule is valid everywhere else in the world, and since you're driving in a foreign country, it's best to follow it to avoid getting fined for such a fundamental law.

A prominent road sign in Bosnia and Herzegovina is the cattle crossing sign. Cattle and wildlife are abundant, especially if you will be driving in Bosnia and Herzegovina's regions that are mostly mountainous. Mind your speed limit and anticipate any deer or cattle that might come out of nowhere as these animals are everywhere in the area.

Speed Limit

The speed limit in Bosnia and Herzegovina depends on the location. Urban and built-up areas have a speed limit of 60 km/hr, so if you're going to be driving in Bosnia and Herzegovina airports or commercial sites, keep your speed limit at 60 km/h. Rural areas and open roads have a speed limit of 80 km/hr since there aren't many people or establishments. When driving on freeways, the speed limit is 120 km/hr.

Fixed cameras are being used in Bosnia and Herzegovina, so authorities can catch you driving in Bosnia and Herzegovina on video beyond the speed limit. Going beyond the speed limit would warrant not only on-the-spot fines but in the confiscation of your license and vehicle as well. If caught by a fixed camera, the rental agent will charge it on your return.

Driving Directions

It is possible to drive through Bosnia and Herzegovina from neighboring countries, such as Serbia and Croatia. If you wish to drive to other nations from Bosnia and Herzegovina, keep in mind that you will be crossing the border, so have your important documents with you. It is advisable to have a map when driving in Bosnia and Herzegovina or a GPS to check your location.

Remember that when driving in Bosnia and Herzegovina, unless a sign permits you to overtake, you have to stay in your lane.

Driving from Bosnia and Herzegovina to Serbia

The drive from Bosnia and Herzegovina to Serbia takes about seven hours and forty-three minutes. One would have to Take R418b to M16.2 and Continue on M16.2. Drive from E73/M17, A1, E761, M19.3, and Route 24 to Kragujevac, Srbija. Finally, Take Kormanski Put and Dr. Dragiše Mišovića to your destination.

Learn the address of your destination and the zip code when driving in Bosnia and Herzegovina to avoid getting lost. Make sure to plot out your goal for driving in Bosnia and Herzegovina on a map. Carry necessary documentation, and don't be afraid to ask for driving directions from the locals when in doubt.

Driving from Bosnia and Herzegovina to Croatia

Croatia is another country near Bosnia and Herzegovina that tourists love to visit for its stunning natural sights and tourist spots. Driving to Croatia would take five hours and seven minutes.

  1. First, Get on E65 in Bisko, Hrvatska from R418b, R418, M15, M6.1, ... and D220.
  2. Follow E65 and E71 to HAC baza Brinje in Križpolje.
  3. Take exit 8-Brinje from E71. Follow D23 to your destination.

Get yourself acquainted with the country you will be visiting before traveling to it. Know the addresses, directions, and zip code when driving from Bosnia and Herzegovina to Croatia to avoid inconveniences regarding directions and locations. Find your exact location on a map when driving in Bosnia and Herzegovina to avoid confusion.

Traffic Road Signs

The traffic light system in Bosnia and Herzegovina is the same three-color scheme as anywhere else in the world. Red for stop, Amber for prepare/pull away, Green for go. Other road signs are warning signs, information road signs, mandatory road signs, priority road signs, and prohibitory road signs.

Warning signs are red to indicate urgency or warning pedestrians and drivers of potential risks. Some of them are recognizable, including:

  • Give way
  • Fire hazard
  • Rail crossing
  • Roundabout ahead
  • Two-way traffic ahead
  • Warning for snow
  • Warning for accidents
  • Cattle crossing
  • Traffic light ahead
  • Railroad crossing

Information road signs are often in blue, giving information and direction helpful to those finding their way, tourists included. Examples of them are:

  • One way traffic
  • Residential area
  • Pedestrian crossing
  • Parking if you pay

Mandatory road signs are also in blue and are for particular tasks that need to be done.

  • Pass right or left
  • Drive straight; mandatory.
  • Beginning/End Paths for cyclists/pedestrians
  • Speed limits
  • Traffic directions
  • Mandatory routes

From the word itself, priority road signs urge drivers to prioritize or inform them of who has priority.

  • Stop
  • Roundabout ahead
  • Side roads on the right/left
  • Give way to oncoming traffic.
  • Roundabout direction

Prohibitory road signs prohibit or limit specific actions or vehicles.

  • Cyclists not allowed
  • Vehicles with a longer length are prohibited.
  • Entry not allowed
  • No honking of horn
  • No pedestrians
  • No pollutants allowed

Right of Way

Since Bosnia and Herzegovina is a mountainous area, if you will be driving on mountain roads, you can have the right to do so. However, for more urban areas, trams coming from the left have more priority. Take into consideration the traffic signs regarding pedestrian crossing as they always have priority.

Legal Driving Age

One must be at least 18 years old to drive in Bosnia and Herzegovina and in possession of a valid driver’s license. The legal age to rent a car is 21 and sometimes a young driver’s surcharge may apply depending on the company. If you are a young tourist seeking to drive in Bosnia and Herzegovina, obtain first an International Driver’s Permit. The minimum age to get an IDP is 18.

Laws on Overtaking

Since the driving side in Bosnia and Herzegovina is on the right side, one should overtake on the left. When overtaking, remember to exercise extreme caution. Use your side mirrors and make sure that there aren't any cars ahead of the vehicle you will be overtaking and checking from behind to ensure that there aren't any speeding cars your way.

Most roads in Bosnia and Herzegovina are single-lane roads, narrow without any chance for overtaking. So, if you find yourself on a single-lane road, stay patient and do not risk overtaking to remain safe.

Driving Side

The road's driving side in Bosnia and Herzegovina is right, meaning their steering wheels are on the left side, just like 160 other countries. If you are a tourist coming from the U.K. or other right-hand side driving country, this could pose a bit of a challenge for you.

Driving Etiquette in Bosnia and Herzegovina

While you might be obedient in terms of following the road rules, sometimes misfortunes happen, and nothing could be more disastrous for tourists than having their car break down or spending a significant amount of time driving in a particular place because you're lost. There are times wherein you would have to ask for help from the locals, but before you can do so, here are some driving tips in Bosnia and Herzegovina regarding the local etiquette and behaviors.

Car Breakdown

In case of a car break down in Bosnia and Herzegovina, pull your vehicle over to the side to steer clear of oncoming traffic. Use your mandatory warning triangle and put it at about 30 km away from your car to signal that it has broken down. If you aren't knowledgeable regarding vehicles, try to ask for help from the police or locals. Notify your car insurance company and report the incident to know how much will be covered.

Police Stops

Police often pull over drivers they suspect could drive under the influence, speeding, or bearing a suspicious license plate. Sometimes they inspect if said individual is carrying questionable luggage or drugs. If you get stopped by police, stay inside your car, have the officer repeat your violation for you, and calmly obey if you need to go to the police station. Resisting arrest can spell even worse troubles on your travel.

Police officers in Bosnia and Herzegovina sometimes stop tourists and fine them a hefty penalty for a mere violation such as speeding. Speeding would only warrant about 40 marks, so anything charged higher than that should raise suspicion in you. If you take note of the speed, as mentioned earlier, limits, and you know you aren't going above the limit, there is nothing to be afraid of.

If a fine should be handed to you, make sure to pay at the corresponding office and not directly at the police officer since they are not allowed to collect fines. Paying at the office would also help you avoid partaking in bribes.

Asking for Directions

It is inevitable to get lost when going to a foreign country, and there will come a time when you would have to ask the locals for directions. Sometimes driving in Bosnia and Herzegovina with a map just doesn't do the trick, and you can find yourself lost. While you don't have to be fluent in Bosnian exactly, here are some basic phrases that can help you drive through Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  • Hello-Dobar dan/Zdravo
  • Thank You-Hvalah
  • Please-Molim
  • Goodbye-Dovidenja
  • I Need Help-Treba mi vasa Pomoc
  • What time?-Koliko je sati
  • I am lost-Izgubuljen zam

These are just a few of the other phrases you can use to help you get around or when you're having car troubles in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Driving in Bosnia and Herzegovina as an English-speaking tourist can be challenging but learning the language basics is worthwhile.

Checkpoints

Checkpoints are a part of border security's efforts to ensure that their country’s tourists abide by the rules and regulations. Border checkpoint authorities check if the drivers have proper documentation, so it's essential to have your native license, International Driver's Permit, car insurance, or Green Card insurance with you when crossing the border. Do not drive under the influence and always buckle up and stay within speed limits.

Other Tips

It is important that before you start driving in Bosnia and Herzegovina that you fully understand the country’s etiquette as it will help you navigate the place better and communicate with the locals should you need assistance. Included are some tips on what to do if you get in an accident and how to handle fines.

What Should I Do in Case of Accidents

Accidents can come in the most inopportune situations, even when on vacation. Should you get involved in an accident, do not leave your car. Notify the authorities to get an accident report, which you will use for insurance purposes. Use the first aid kit for manageable injuries or call for assistance if you or your passengers are severely injured.

What if I Get Fined?

Suppose you are a tourist driving through Bosnia and Herzegovina and stopped by police, fined a hefty price for speeding. Should you find yourself in this situation, ask the law enforcement officer again about your fine and remember their name. Do not pay the police directly when fined, preferably to the appropriate office for penalties.

Driving Situations and Conditions in Bosnia and Herzegovina

If you are to start driving in Bosnia and Herzegovina now, you must get acquainted with Bosnian roads' conditions. These driving tips will help you better understand the tendencies for accidents to stay safe, frequently rented vehicles to choose from depending on your destination, and knowing if local drivers are safe to anticipate possible behaviors and tendencies drivers have on the road.

Accident Statistics

Accidents occur quite frequently in Bosnia and Herzegovina, given that their highways are littered with potholes and landmines. A 2018 study states that road accidents in Bosnia and Herzegovina amounted to 564 or 1.61%. These accidents could also be due to frequent two-lane and narrow roads that are poorly maintained, which is why it is mandatory to always have your first aid kit in your car.

Common Vehicles

In Bosnia and Herzegovina, the most popular make of 2020 is a small family car capable of driving and maneuvering in tight, populated city spaces. Compact cars are also famous for the same reason-for driving in Bosnia and Herzegovina cities. SUVs are also popular since Bosnia, and Herzegovina has rough, mountainous terrain as well as rough roads.

Tourists can choose among the many cars makes that car rental companies offer, depending on their destination. Compact and economy cars are quite famous for city driving while SUVs and vans are ideal for outdoor adventures such as hiking and camping or just plain sightseeing in the countryside.

Toll Roads

Toll roads are present in Bosnia and Herzegovina freeways. Prices of these tolls depend on the category of the vehicle and the destination. There are four categories in which vehicles are grouped in toll roads, namely:

  1. Class 1-Motorbikes and cars
  2. Class 2- vans, caravans, trailers, trucks
  3. Class 3-buses and trucks over 3.5 tonnes
  4. Class 4- trucks over 3.5 tonnes.

Since toll fees are grouped based on the destination, here are the varying fees based on locations:

Sarajevo-Tarcin (Class 1-1.08 Class 2- 1.08, Class 3- 2.15, Class 4-3.23)

Sarajevo- Lepenica (Class 1- 0.52, Class 2- 0.52. Class 3- 1.08. Class 4- 1.72)

Lepenica-Tarcin (Class 1- 0.52 Class 2- 0.52 Class 3- 1.08 Class 4- 1.72)

Zenica-Sarajevo (Class 1 2.58 Class 2 2.58 Class 3-5.16 Class 4- 7.96)

Medjugorje-Ljubusky (Class 1- 0.52 Class 2- 0.52 Class 3-1.08 Class 4- 1.72)

Road Situation

Some roads in Bosnia and Herzegovina have been reputed to be poorly maintained and are always under construction. There are also landmines still present on Bosnian roads, so drivers are advised to be aware of those. The lanes are often narrow, which makes overtaking risky. Driving in tunnels is also dangerous due to the lack of structure and low lighting, so if you must drive in a tunnel, proceed with caution.

Landmines have caused numerous injuries for those who have not been aware of their existence. In 2015, 80,000 active land mines were listed, with the lives of about 500,000 people put at risk. 1996-2017 has shown 1,750 injuries and 612 deaths, all due to landmines. The US and UK governments have warned about the dangers of landmines, so if you must drive in rural areas, heed this information and be cautious.

When going rural driving through Bosnia and Herzegovina, fill your gas tank up as gas stations are rare in the countryside. Make sure to have a GPS or map when driving in Bosnia and Herzegovina due to road signs scarcity. Keep in mind that when driving in the rural parts of Bosnia and Herzegovina, some roads are narrow and winding without guardrails, which is also accident-prone.

Driving Culture

The drivers in Bosnia and Herzegovina are also reputed to be law-breakers who overtake at the wrong time and tailgate too closely. Some even struggle to stay within the designated speed limit. Not all drivers are like this, however. Some are courteous and will extend help if you need it.

Other Tips

The key to driving safely and comfortably in Bosnia and Herzegovina is familiarizing yourself with the various conditions on the road that you could be subjected to. If you are from a country that uses a different speed measurement, acquaint yourself with Bosnia and Herzegovina’s speed unit as it is present in their signs and their vehicles and can help you stay within the legal speed limit and avoid getting fined.

Planning a nighttime trip to Bosnia and Herzegovina? Better get familiar with the driving conditions to see if it’s safe to foray at night. Understand as well the regulations for driving in wintertime and the places to get fuel.

Are They Using Kph or Mph?

Kilometers per Hour and Miles per Hour are the units of measurement used to tell speed. Mph was the original unit of measure until the introduction of SI units in the 60s. The units vary depending on the country as some countries still adhere to Mph, such as the US, Canada, and the UK.

Bosnia and Herzegovina are one of the countries that use the system. If you are more used to Mph measurement, you can either keep in mind that one mile=1.609 km/h or check the speedometer. The more significant number is the primary unit of speed, so Kph should be easily spotted. It's essential to keep in mind the speed units and limits to avoid getting fined for speeding.

Is Winter Driving Safe?

Winter occurs in Bosnia and Herzegovina, so it is mandatory always to have winter tires and snow chains with you. Make sure that your windshield wipers are smooth and operational since winter brings about a tendency to fog. Keep your headlights on at all times. Remember to stay within speed limits for your safety, as snow can bring about slippery roads.

Can I Do Night Driving?

To avoid accidents when driving at night, keep your headlights on at all times and follow the speed limit since there is reduced visibility. Do not drink and drive. Please park your car in well-lit areas, secure it by locking and keep your essential documents either with you or hidden to avoid access easily.

If you wish to go for a drive at night, you have to be extremely cautious. According to reports, although the rates of crimes against tourists are low, there are still incidences of pickpocketing and petty theft, which you still have to be wary of.

Are There Fuel Stations in Bosnia And Herzegovina?

Another useful driving fact in Bosnia and Herzegovina is that there are no fuel areas in rural places. If you're going to embark on a countryside drive or driving through Bosnia and Herzegovina's rural regions, load up your car on fuel. The worst-case scenario is getting stuck in the middle of a foreign mountainside without any energy and nobody to ask for help, so if you aren't driving in Bosnia and Herzegovina cities, make sure your tank is filled.

Is Bosnia and Herzegovina Safe?

Other essential factors to consider on your driving journey in Bosnia and Herzegovina include pollution and natural disasters. The air in Bosnia and Herzegovina is quite polluted, so those with respiratory issues must prepare their medication and aid their condition.

Natural disasters are frequently occurring in Bosnia and Herzegovina in the form of earthquakes. One of the strongest was in 2016, felt nearly throughout major cities in the country. This can pose a threat when driving in rural areas where landslides frequently occur as debris could fall and become injurious.

Things to Do in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Despite all the turbulence that Bosnia and Herzegovina endured, it still truly is a charming country. From its pristine waterfalls, mountain ranges, olden architecture, and diverse cultures, Bosnia and Herzegovina tie the past with the present. If you have decided that this country is the land you want to live in, then residency and employment are the steps to live a productive life in this Balkan region.

While others see trouble, others see tranquility. Bosnia and Herzegovina's major tourist spots draw inspiration from religion and earned the nickname "Jerusalem of Europe.” The pilgrimage feels coupled with the natural sights that make people want to settle in and stay. If Bosnia and Herzegovina have enchanted you, then read on to know what you must do to reside in this country.

Drive as a Tourist

Tourists are permitted to go driving in Bosnia and Herzegovina with a driving license from their native country. However, tourists are still required by law to obtain an International Driver's Permit. Border security urges tourists to get an IDP since foreigners are subject to document inspection at the border. Tourists seeking to rent a car in Bosnia and Herzegovina are required to obtain an IDP since this is one of the documents car rental companies look for. If you are to become a resident, you would be required to apply for a driving license for driving in Bosnia and Herzegovina, which would have different steps and procedures.

Work as a Driver

Working as a driver in Bosnia and Herzegovina as a temporary resident is an excellent way to make money while establishing a living in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Driving jobs not only help you earn money but get you acquainted with the road conditions of the country you will be living in. Before getting employed, be sure to acquire a work permit and temporary residence first.

Various driving jobs are available in Bosnia and Herzegovina. One can make a living by driving in Bosnia and Herzegovina buses, trucks, and taxi cabs. According to Eryri, a truck driver’s salary in Bosnia and Herzegovina is around 12,000 BAM and would only require a C driver's license and a high school diploma. Salary explorer lists taxi driver salaries at 750 BAM per month.

Work as a Travel Guide

If you've enjoyed your traveling experience in Bosnia and Herzegovina and would like to share your love for touring while earning money, then getting a job as a tour guide is right for you. The country's GDP has seen a recent growth brought about by tourism as people are now starting to discover the wonders of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Getting a tour guide license is the first step to working as a tour guide. One must take a tour guide test conducted by the government branch for tourism. Some people who get their licenses can operate their tourist agencies. It is reported that the taxes amount to around $285.

Apply for Residency

There are three types of residency in Bosnia and Herzegovina that you have to be aware of before applying, namely, visa-free, temporary, and permanent. Visa-free residency is granted to foreigners from visa-free countries and enables them to stay for 90 days. Temporary residence is for certain professions such as science, research, arts, and private businesses, valid for one year. Marriage and foreign employment are also grounds for temporary residency.

Permanent residency gives foreigners the same privileges and rights as Bosnia and Herzegovina, namely indefinite stay and voting rights. To have permanent residence, one must have stayed in Bosnia and Herzegovina for five years with sufficient funds and health insurance.

Working the said jobs in Bosnia and Herzegovina that are open for foreigners is an excellent way to start saving up money to show that you can thrive in Bosnia and Herzegovina. In some instances, some foreigners are denied citizenship due to waiting for the status of temporary/permanent protection; serving criminal sentences; humanitarian reasons, medical treatment, working without a permit, among others.

Other Tips

If you wish to take up residence in Bosnia and Herzegovina, it’s best to know the options for employment and other productive things you can do while staying in this country. Learn the important requirements foreigners need to apply for jobs in Bosnia and Herzegovina as well as other industries apart from driving that you can apply for.

How Can I Get a Work Permit in Bosnia and Herzegovina?

Foreigners can be employed in Bosnia and Herzegovina as there is a whole host of jobs that are suited for them. Firstly, a work permit and temporary residence must be obtained by the individual. Getting a work permit has the following requirements:

  • Personal information of employee (name, date of birth, address, etc.)
  • Job Type and Description
  • Company Information
  • A written explanation of foreigner over local employee preference
  • Academic certificate translated in Bosnia and Herzegovina's languages.

To gain employment in Bosnia and Herzegovina, one can search and apply online. While there are jobs such as driving a bus in Bosnia and Herzegovina, other jobs include ESL or English Teachers. You can look for jobs on sites such as CareerJet, OverseasJobs, GoAbroad, and Linkedin.

What Are the Popular Industries in Bosnia and Herzegovina?

According to Salary Explorer, the most favorable industries in Bosnia and Herzegovina are in the Medical and Legal Fields. Banking and Education are also in demand in Bosnia and Herzegovina. English teaching is also a popular occupation in Bosnia and Herzegovina, making it a place ripe with opportunity for teachers. Popular sites such as LinkedIn, Career Jet, and GlassDoor are popular job hunting sites for foreigners seeking employment.

Top Road Trip Destinations in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Now that you've gotten familiar with the rules and conditions of Bosnia and Herzegovina, it's time to know what the best road trip destinations in the country are. Indeed, there is no better way to experience the natural scenery of Bosnia and Herzegovina than driving. Though not known as its fellow European countries, Bosnia and Herzegovina have hidden wonders waiting to be discovered.

Sarajevo Photo by Damir Bosnjak

Sarajevo

The country’s capital is a booming city with everything you could ask for from shopping markets to restaurants and cafés to pilgrimage sites. Sarajevo isn't called 'Jerusalem of Europe" for nothing! Mosques and cathedrals such as Gazi Hursev-beg Mosque and museums like the Jewish Museum and Sarajevo Tunnel Museum give tourists a slice of the turbulent history that made Bosnia and Herzegovina the nation it is.

Driving Directions:

If you will be driving from Bosnia and Herzegovina's airport to the city proper, follow these directions

  1. Continue to Kurta Schorka/M18, turn left onto Kurta Schorka/M18.
  2. Take A transversal, Olimpijska, and I've Andrića to Bulevar Meše Selimovića/M18/M5 in Sarajevo.
  3. Follow M18 to Kemal Begova and continue to Kemal Begova. Drive to Josipa Vancaša.

Things to Do

Traveling in the capital could only mean that there won’t be any shortage of sights to see, from notable Bosnian architecture, to restaurants and shops, Sarajevo has it all. When driving through Bosnia and Herzegovina, remember to have with you your International Driver's Permit to avoid conflicts with the law. For the IDP, you'll only need necessary information like name, address, and zip code for driving in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  1. Shop at Bascarsija

    Bascarsija is known as the center of commerce in Sarajevo due to numerous bazaars and shops where tourists can buy souvenirs and take home a bit of Bosnia and Herzegovina with them. A bit of trivia, the name of the place comes from the words "bas," meaning head, and "carsi," meaning commercial street. All the businesses that surround it prove that it is deserving of that name.
  2. Visit Sarajevo’s Historical Museums

    The best way to learn more about Sarajevo’s history is to enter its museums. The Sarajevo Tunnel Museum where people flocked for food during times of war is a harrowing reminder of Sarajevo’s tumultuous past. Try the Franz Ferdinand Walking Tour to get a guided, detailed walk-through of the life of Sarajevo’s Archduke to the moment that started World War I.
  3. Take pictures at the Latin Bridge

    The Latin Bridge in Sarajevo is where Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated, kick-starting World War I. Right now this Ottoman bridge serves as a popular reminder of Bosnia’s history but similarly a tourist destination that travelers can cross or have their pictures taken.
  4. Admire Local Bosnian Architecture

    Since Bosnia and Herzegovina has been greatly influenced by a whole roster of nations, take your time to admire the various infrastructures that reflect this nation’s culture. From the Gazi-Hurzev Beg mosques to the Vijecnica city hall, Bosnia and Herzegovina’s culture is strong and its art is the prime evidence.
  5. Experience a gondola ride to Mount Trebevic

    Take a gondola ride that will ferry you from the city to the gorgeous, green Mount Trebevic. The gondolas have various colors reminiscent of the Bosnian flag.
Mostar Bosnia and Herzegovina Photo by Omer Nezih Gerek

Mostar

Mostar is perhaps the most known tourist destination in Bosnia and Herzegovina, earning it the nicknames "the most beautiful town in Bosnia and Herzegovina" and "The City of Sunshine." Mostar blends in the old and the new with its architecture, such as the Old Bridge or Stari Most, which not only serves as a postcard-worthy sight but also offers bridge driving where you land in the Neretva waters.

Historical museums for history enthusiasts are also present in Mostar, such as the Museum of War and Genocide Victims and War Photo Exhibition.

Driving Directions:

  1. To get to Mostar, get on A1 in Sarajevo from Kurta Schork.
  2. Follow A1 and E73/M17 to Bulevar/M6.1 in Mostar.
  3. Drive in the area with an IDP and follow the speed limit since you can get caught driving in Bosnia and Herzegovina on video.

Things to Do

Being one of Bosnia and Herzegovina’s more popular cities, it isn’t any wonder why tourists visit Mostar. From its UNESCO World Heritage Sites to its natural wonders and thrilling activities, you’ll find your kind of Bosnian adventure in Mostar. Just be sure to have your IDP when driving in Bosnia and Herzegovina for a smooth sailing journey.

  1. Visit the Blagaj Monasteries

    Blagaj is known for the Dervish Monastery and the Buna river springs. Its folk villages are too picturesque to miss. The Blagaj Tekke near the Buna river is a spiritual tourist destination that falls short of mystical and photogenic. The Stjepan Grad is a fortress now reduced to ruins whose name is derived from Stjepan Kosaka, a ruler who once resided in ruins.
  2. Experience the Kravice Waterfalls

    Kravice Waterfalls is not only for sightseeing but for water activity enthusiasts as well. Who could ignore the 25-meter-high waterfall with a pristine blue river waiting for you at the bottom? Kravice Waterfalls encourages activities such as swimming, boat riding, and a boat tour that'll let you get a better view of Kravice at all angles. If you wish to unwind by the waters, a restaurant by the falls exists to serve you delicious food overlooking the beautiful view.
  3. Visit Stari Most

    The Stari Most bridge is more than just an architectural wonder. Tourists flock to this bridge that rises above the river to go bridge diving. If you’re brave enough to partake in this thrilling activity, then Stari Most is the place to be!
  4. Marvel at Mostar’s Architecture

    Bosnia and Herzegovina never run out of beautiful architecture for you to appreciate. From the Muslibegovic House once upon a time inhabited by the Musilibegovic family now a popular home for artifacts and art to the Koski Mehmed Pasa Mosque built by Ottomans in the 1600s and preserved with its decorations for tourists to visit.
  5. Shop at the Mostar Old Bazaar

    Shop at this lovely cobblestone old-town bazaar in Mostar to experience what buying wares was like back in time. The Old Bazaar has ceramics, fabrics, lanterns, textiles and anything you could think of that showcases the culture of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Try the nearby street restaurants to experience Bosnian cuisine.
Travnik Castle Photo by Dženis Hasanica

Travnik

If you're looking for a road trip destination where the old meets the new, then Travnik is the place to be. This place is ideal for architecture and art enthusiasts who can catch a glimpse of their fortresses, namely the Old Town Fortress. This fortress has existed since the 15th century, and museums nearby showcase the Bosnian way of life.

Driving Directions:

  1. To get to Travnik from the airport, get on A1 in Sarajevo from Kurta Schork.
  2. Follow A1 to E73/M17/M5.
  3. Exit from A1 and follow E73/M17/M5 to your destination in Travnik.

Things to Do

Travnik is the place to be to catch a glimpse of Bosnia and Herzegovina's religious influence in the form of the mosques and churches that put the country on the map. Konoba Plava Voda is one summer terrace with a cottage interior you wouldn't want to miss. When driving, always wear your seatbelt and carry your essential documents, including your International Driver's Permit.

  1. Visit Travnik’s Notable Mosques

    The Sulejmanija Mosque and Jeni Mosques are some of the gorgeous mosques in this Bosnian destination that are testament to Ottoman influence. The Jeni Mosque was erected in Ottoman fashion and has been around since the 1500s while the Sulejmanija Mosque gives the mosque a more colorful twist not only through its design but through the existence of shops and eateries below the prayer room.
  2. Tour the Vizier’s Grave

    Vizier’s Grave is an important part of Bosnian history as it is home to the remains of notable Ottoman officials and poets. The tombs are placed underneath beautifully decorated domes.
  3. Marvel at the Plava Voda

    Enjoy an urban adventure with a bit of a natural twist at the Plava Voda. The Plava Voda’s pristine waters run beneath the gorgeous Travnik castle’s bridge where, upon crossing, you can find yourself surrounded by delicious restaurants and bars. You can either go on a gastronomic adventure or simply relax and take pictures by the waters.
  4. Travel to Galica

    Galica Mountains is the place to be if you’re looking for some time off away from the city and would like to see more green than cobblestone. Galicia is home to the Devecani Highland Area that has a hiking trail fit for any adventurer.
  5. Tour the Travnik Castle

    A tour in Travnik is not complete without visiting the Travnik Castle. Also known as the Stari Grad castle, this preserved fortress boasts a hybrid of Ottoman and medieval designs. This castle, untouched by war, is the perfect destination for tourists who want to understand Travnik’s history through the museum, and appreciate its architecture.
Jahorina Photo by Vlado Sestan

Jahorina

Bosnia and Herzegovina are known for its mountainous terrain, which tourists can hike and camp. Jahorina is just one of the famous mountains that tourists love to visit, especially during the winter season due to its ski resort and the other winter activities one can do. Popular resorts with top-notch accommodation include Pension Winter, Hotel Lavina, Apartments Arctic, which abounds in the area for the skiers' convenience.

Driving Directions:

To get to Jahorina from Sarajevo International Airport would only take an hour.

  1. Continue to Kurta Schorka/M18, Continue on M18 to Lukavica and continue on Kasindolskog bataljona to R446a.
  2. Continue on R446a to Olimpijska and Continue on Olimpijska to your destination.

Things to Do

Experience a load of activities in Jahorina, not just in the wintertime but any time of the year. When driving in Bosnia and Herzegovina, always carry your IDP with you for a smooth sailing drive around the country.

  1. Tour the War Childhood Museum

    The War Childhood Museum is an eye opening tour to the situations and conditions of children during wartime in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Their stories are told through their letters, drawings and belongings.
  2. Go Skiing

    If winter sports are your kind of activity, then Jahorina is the destination for you. Jahorina is home to many beautiful ski resorts where enthusiasts can experience the best skiing facilities in Bosnia complete with cable cars and ski schools.
  3. Visit Vuckoland

    Vuckoland is an amusement park in Jahorina built for people of all ages to enjoy. With rides and entertainment, Vuckoland makes for the perfect family getaway.
  4. Play at Ogorjelica Fun Park

    Visit Ogorjelica Fun Park to add a different twist to your travels. Ogorjelica Fun Park makes your destination more fun with its rock climbing, paintball, and paragliding activities.
  5. Indulge in Jahorina’s Hotels

    Seeing as Jahorina has a load of activities in one area, it’s inevitable that tourists get exhausted. Replenish and rejuvenate at Jahorina’s nearby resorts with top-notch wellness facilities that will leave you feeling pampered with a beautiful sight ahead.
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